Sebastiao E.,University of Ottawa |
Cook C.,University of Ottawa |
Hu A.,Defense RandD Canada Suffield |
Murugesu M.,University of Ottawa
Journal of Materials Chemistry A | Year: 2014
Energetic ionic liquids (EILs) are a subset of the rapidly growing field of ionic liquid research. These liquid and stable high-energy materials (HEMs) have many benefits, ranging from ease of manufacture and transportation to enhanced safety, as well as many new applications. This review focuses on the developments in this field from 2005 to 2012, with emphasis on propulsion applications of these new materials. Both bipropellant systems (hypergolic EILs) and monopropellant systems (oxygen balanced EILs) are discussed. © 2014 the Partner Organisations.
Kovaltchouk V.D.,Bubble Technology Industries Inc. |
Andrews H.R.,Bubble Technology Industries Inc. |
Clifford E.T.H.,Bubble Technology Industries Inc. |
Faust A.A.,Defense RandD Canada Suffield |
And 2 more authors.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment | Year: 2011
A neutron Albedo system has been developed for imaging of buried landmines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs). It involves irradiating the ground with fast neutrons and subsequently detecting the thermalized neutrons that return. A scintillating 6Li loaded ZnS(Ag) screen with a sensitive area of 40 cm×40 cm is used as a thermal neutron detector. Scintillation light is captured by orthogonal arrays of wavelength-shifting fibers placed on either side of the scintillator surface and then transferred to X and Y multi-pixel PMTs. A timing circuit, used with pulsed neutron sources, records the time when a neutron detection takes place relative to an external synchronization pulse from the pulsed source. Experimental tests of the Albedo system performance have been done in a sand box with a 252Cf neutron source (no time gating) and with pulsed DD (2.6 MeV) neutrons from the Defense R&D Ottawa Van de Graaff accelerator (with time gating). Information contained in the time evolution of the thermal neutron field provided improved detection capability and image reconstruction. The detector design is described and experimental results are discussed. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.