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Gorakhpur, India

Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University or simply Gorakhpur University is located in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh. Wikipedia.

Singh R.S.,Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University | Prakash H.,Allahabad University
Annals of Physics

Polarization of light signifies transversal, anisotropic and asymmetrical statistical properties of electromagnetic radiation about the direction of propagation. Traditionally, optical-polarization is characterized by Stokes' theory susceptible to be insufficient in assessing the polarization structure of optical quantum fields and, also, does not decipher the twin characteristic polarization parameters ('ratio of real amplitudes and difference in phases'). An alternative way, in the spirit of classical description of optical-polarization, is introduced which can be generalized to deal higher-order polarization of quantum light, particularly, prepared in non-Gaussian Schrodinger Cat or Cat-like states and entangled bi-modal coherent states. On account of pseudo mono-modal or multi-modal nature of such optical quantum field, higher-order polarization is seen to be highly sensitive to the basis of description. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

Kant Upadhyay R.,Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University
BioMed Research International

JE is a flavivirus generated dreadful CNS disease which causes high mortality in various pediatric groups. JE disease is currently diagnosed by measuring the level of viral antigens and virus neutralization IgM antibodies in blood serum and CSF by ELISA. However, it is not possible to measure various disease-identifying molecules, structural and molecular changes occurred in tissues, and cells by using such routine methods. However, few important biomarkers such as cerebrospinal fluid, plasma, neuro-imaging, brain mapping, immunotyping, expression of nonstructural viral proteins, systematic mRNA profiling, DNA and protein microarrays, active caspase-3 activity, reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species, levels of stress-associated signaling molecules, and proinflammatory cytokines could be used to confirm the disease at an earlier stage. These biomarkers may also help to diagnose mutant based environment specific alterations in JEV genotypes causing high pathogenesis and have immense future applications in diagnostics. There is an utmost need for the development of new more authentic, appropriate, and reliable physiological, immunological, biochemical, biophysical, molecular, and therapeutic biomarkers to confirm the disease well in time to start the clinical aid to the patients. Hence, the present review aims to discuss new emerging biomarkers that could facilitate more authentic and fast diagnosis of JE disease and its related disorders in the future. © 2013 Ravi Kant Upadhyay. Source

Thakur S.K.,Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University
Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals

A comparative analysis of some mesogenic and nonmesogenic molecules of 2, 5 di-substituted pyridine derivatives molecules has been carried out. The multicenter multipole expansion method is used to obtain the various interaction energy terms. The phase morphology of the mesogenic molecular system has been further investigated with the aid of various energy terms of configurations. The multicenter multipole expansion method is satisfactory and predicts the mesogenic behavior of molecular systems. © 2014 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Yadava L.,Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University | Verma R.,Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University | Dwivedi R.,Institute of Technology
Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical

The tin oxide (SnO2) thick film gas sensor is fabricated by employing screen-printing technology. This pure SnO2 thick film is doped with 1 or 2 wt% of cadmium sulphide (CdS) by its weight and, thereby, the effect of dopant is presented. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses are administrated, which suggest that CdS dopant inhibits the crystallite growth leading to nanometric reduction in grain size. The fabricated gas sensor is responsively studied on exposure to liquid petroleum gas (LPG), methanol, and acetone. It is observed that CdS (2 wt%) doped structure exhibited highest response and is more selective to methanol (70 for 5000 ppm) over LPG and acetone at the operating temperature 200 °C. The CdS-doping improved response- and recovery-time from 90 s and 200 s, for undoped-film, to 40 s and 110 s for methanol (5000 ppm at 200 °C). © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Singh H.J.,Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University | Upadhyay M.K.,Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University
Journal of Energetic Materials

Structure optimization and frequency calculation of six nitro derivatives of 1,3,5-triazepine were performed using a MP2(FULL)/6-311G(d,p) method. In order to obtain reliable energy data, single-point energy and subsequently thermodynamic properties of the species considered were calculated at a fairly high level of theory, CCSD(T)/6-311G(d,p). Solid-phase heats of formation and crystal density were determined using an electrostatic potential (ESP) method utilizing wave function analysis-surface analysis suite (WFA-SAS) code. The result shows that all nitro derivatives possess high positive heats of formation that increase with an increase in the number of nitro groups attached to the ring moiety. The crystal density was found to be in the range of 1.67-1.90 g/cm3. Detonation properties of the compounds were estimated using the Kamlet-Jacobs equation. The results showed that detonation velocity (D) and detonation pressure (P) increased with an increase in the number of nitro groups attached at the ring moiety. It was found that all six nitro derivatives of the title compound had better or comparable performance characteristics than the most widely used commercial explosives, such as TNT, research and development explosives (RDX), and 1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocane (HMX). The trinitro derivative (1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazepine, F) yielded detonation pressure (P) and detonation velocity (D) of 45.5 GPa and 9.23 km/s, respectively, at a loading density of 1.90 g/cm3, which are superior to the most powerful available explosive HMX (P = 39.00 GPa and D = 9.11 km/s). The results obtained during the present study show that the title compounds can be used as promising futuristic high-energy-density materials (HEDMs). © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

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