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Leicester, United Kingdom

De Montfort University is a public research and teaching university situated in the city of Leicester, England, adjacent to the River Soar and the Leicester Castle Gardens. In 2008, 70% of the university's research was deemed 'world leading' , or 'internationally excellent' in the United Kingdom Research Assessment Exercise. The assessment also highlighted a particular strength in English literature, where its RAE score equalled the University of Cambridge. The university has the second highest number of National Teaching Fellows of all UK universities.The university is organised into four faculties: Art, Design, and Humanities; Business and Law; Health and Life science; and Technology . There is also the Institute of Creative Technologies which researches the intersections of art, science, technology and multidisciplinary working. Wikipedia.

Burrell K.,De Montfort University
Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers | Year: 2011

The allure of 'the west' in socialist eastern Europe and the Soviet Union has been well documented. Poland, a country noted for the longstanding westward emigration of its population, maintained a particularly close relationship with all things western, especially during the latter stages of the socialist regime. Using material collected from life history interviews with Polish migrants in the UK, this article analyses a very specific manifestation of late socialist Poland's 'Imaginary West': the high status of western things in the lives of children. These western goods, usually things such as sweets, toys and clothes, offered sufficient tangibility and authenticity to make the west feel tantalisingly close, while all the time remaining distant. Using Bennett's (2001) theory of enchantment as its starting point, this article investigates three aspects of this widespread fascination with the west that were narrated in the interviews, and the very specific material relationships that were constructed and maintained with western objects. First, it considers the affective and aesthetic properties of western things and the ways in which they enchanted the children who encountered them. Second, it analyses the appeal of Pewex shops and the dollar economy as manifestations of western consumerism on socialist soil. Finally, it discusses the problems with this western consumption and the inequalities embedded in these exciting goods. Ultimately this article uncovers why west was often considered best and how this phenomenon was materialised and integrated into children's everyday lives. © 2010 The Author. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers © 2010 Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers). Source

Haris P.I.,De Montfort University
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes | Year: 2013

The position, intensity and width of bands in infrared spectra that arise from vibrational modes within a protein can be used to probe protein secondary structure, amino acid side chain structure as well as protein dynamics and stability. FTIR spectroscopic studies on protein-protein interaction have been severely limited due to extensive overlap of peaks, from the interacting proteins. This problem is being addressed by combining data processing and acquisition techniques (difference spectroscopy and two-dimensional spectroscopy) with judicious modifications in the protein primary structure through molecular biological and chemical methods. These include the ability to modify amino acids (site-directed mutagenesis; chemical synthesis) and produce isotopically labelled proteins and peptides. Whilst great progress is being made towards overcoming the congestion of overlapping peaks, the slow progress in the assignment of bands continues to be a major hindrance in the use of infrared spectroscopy for obtaining highly accurate and precise information on protein structure. This review discusses some of these problems and presents examples of infrared studies on protein-protein interaction in biomembrane systems. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: FTIR in membrane proteins and peptide studies. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

Sun Y.,De Montfort University
Tribology International | Year: 2013

In the present work, the sliding wear behaviour of surface mechanical attrition (SMA) treated AISI 304 stainless steel by spherical shot peening has been studied under both unlubricated and lubricated conditions under various contact loads. It was found that although SMA treatments could produce a hardened layer of several hundred microns thick with much increased hardness from 200 HV 0.1 to 480 HV 0.1, SMA treatments did not have a significant effect on the unlubricated wear behaviour of the steel. However, under oil-lubricating conditions, the SMA treated steel showed much better wear resistance than the untreated steel over a wide range of contact loads. The results are discussed in terms of plastic deformation and property changes induced during the sliding wear process. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Mcbride N.,De Montfort University
International Journal of Information Management | Year: 2014

This case discusses the use of business intelligence systems in the running and optimisation of magazine distribution by a UK company. The company collects a wide range of data to help it monitor and optimise a supply chain involving subcontractors. The case study raises a number of issues which are discussed. It illustrates the variety of forces which are driving companies to adopt business intelligence systems. It demonstrates how business intelligence systems can help run business processes. It explores the problems and issues with sourcing, collecting and cleaning data. Issues around anonymisation and the concept of a 'single version of the truth' are discussed and ethical issues highlighted. It concludes that an understanding of the role of interpretation in data collection, collation and subsequent decision making is critical to business intelligence and calls for more research in this area. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Davies J.S.,De Montfort University
Environment and Planning A | Year: 2012

Infl uential governance theories argue that we live increasingly in a world of networks either relegating hierarchy to the shadows or dismissing it altogether. This paper develops a Gramscian critique of these currents, advancing two key arguments. First, drawing on Gramsci's concepts of hegemony and passive revolution, it reinterprets the cultivation of networks as a prominent element in the hegemonic strategies of Western neoliberalism, exemplifi ed by UK public policy. Second, however, governing networks struggle to cultivate trust, relying instead on hierarchy and closure. It is argued that network governance can therefore be understood as a form of Gramsci's integral state, a concept which highlights both the continuing centrality of coercion in the governance system and the limits of the networks project. It is concluded that conceiving of urban governing networks as micro confi gurations of the integral state off ers a distinctive way of overcoming the 'government to governance' dualism. © 2012 Pion and its Licensors. Source

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