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Middlefield, OH, United States

Nagy R.,Ohio State University | Wang H.,DDC Clinic for Special Needs Children | Albrecht B.,Universitaetsklinikum Essen | Wieczorek D.,Universitaetsklinikum Essen | And 7 more authors.
Clinical Genetics | Year: 2012

Microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type I (MOPD I) is a rare autosomal recessive developmental disorder characterized by extreme intrauterine growth retardation, severe microcephaly, central nervous system abnormalities, dysmorphic facial features, skin abnormalities, skeletal changes, limb deformations, and early death. Recently, mutations in the RNU4ATAC gene, which encodes U4atac, a small nuclear RNA that is a crucial component of the minor spliceosome, were found to cause MOPD I. MOPD I is the first disease known to be associated with a defect in small nuclear RNAs. We describe here the clinical and molecular data for 17 cases of MOPD I, including 15 previously unreported cases, all carrying biallelic mutations in the RNU4ATAC gene. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source

Li W.,Capital Medical University | Li W.,Beijing Neurosurgical Institute | Hu B.,Cleveland Clinic | Li G.-L.,Beijing Neurosurgical Institute | And 11 more authors.
CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics | Year: 2012

Aims: With developments of etiology of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) and genome-wide association study (GWAS) of stroke, the genetic studies of CSVD are focused on genes related to blood-brain barrier (BBB) and aging. The project aims to investigate the association between CSVD and susceptibility loci and candidate genes. Methods: All study subjects admitted Beijing Tiantan Hospital from June 2009 to September 2010 including 197 cerebral small vessel disease patients(S), 198 large artery atherosclerosis control individuals (vascular stenotic rate ≥50% diameter reduction) (L), 200 hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage control individuals (H) and 197 stroke-free control individuals (C). 15 SNPs in 4 genes (MYLK, AQP4, NINJ2, and INK4/ARF) were genotyped using Multiplex Snapshot assay. Each SNP was first examined between the groups S and C in different genetic models (codominant, dominant, recessive, overdominant, and log-additive). Permutation correction was used to adjust for multiple testing. The significant SNP loci were further analyzed in comparing S with L and H, respectively. Subgroup analysis was also performed for each risk-factor category. Results: Among the 15 SNPs, rs2222823 and rs2811712 were found to be significantly associated with CSVD after multiple-testing adjustment. The heterozygote (A/T) of rs2222823 of MYLK has an odds ratio of 0.52 (95% CI =[0.35, 0.79], P= 0.002, adjusted P= 0.031) when compared with homozygotes. The heterozygote (C/T) of rs2811712 of INK4/ARF has an odds ratio of 1.75 (95% CI =[1.13-2.71], P= 0.004, adjusted P= 0.050). The SNP rs2222823 was significant (P= 0.035) in comparing S with H. In comparing S versus L, it is significant for the subgroups of patients without diabetes (P= 0.012) and drinking (P= 0.018). rs2811712 was significant in comparing S with L for the subgroups of patients with hyperlipidemia (P= 0.029) and drinking (P= 0.04). Conclusion: The heterozygotes (T/A) at the rs2222823 SNP locus of MYLK gene decreases the risk of having cerebral small vessel disease, while the heterozygotes (C/T) at the rs2811712 SNP locus of INK4/ARF gene increases the risk, suggesting that the MYLK and INK4/ARF are the associated genes of cerebral small vessel disease in Han Chinese population. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

Wang H.,DDC Clinic for Special Needs Children | Wang H.,Case Western Reserve University | Wang H.,Cleveland Clinic | Bright A.,DDC Clinic for Special Needs Children | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A | Year: 2013

Ganglioside GM3 synthase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder characterized by infantile onset of severe irritability and epilepsy, failure to thrive, developmental stagnation, and cortical blindness. Because of the lack of easily recognizable dysmorphism and specific neurologic manifestations, identification of patients with this condition is extremely challenging. Here we report on previously undescribed pigmentary abnormalities in 20 of 38 patients with GM3 synthase deficiency. All 20 of the patients showed freckle-like hyperpigmented macules, ranging in size from 2 to 5mm in diameter and usually found bilaterally on the extremities, especially the dorsal aspects of the hands and feet. Seven of these patients also had depigmented macules and patches, especially on the face and extremities. These cutaneous changes were asymptomatic, and were not associated with the severity or particular phenotype of the neurologic disease. They became visible only after the first years of life with an increased incidence with advancing age. These distinct pigmentary features are not identified in 54 normal siblings, and may provide a useful clue in identifying patients with ganglioside metabolic disorders. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Xin B.,DDC Clinic for Special Needs Children | Wang H.,DDC Clinic for Special Needs Children | Wang H.,Cleveland Clinic
Molecular Syndromology | Year: 2012

Cockayne syndrome (CS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by progressive multisystem degeneration and segmental premature aging. Mutations in the DNA repair gene ERCC6 are responsible for the majority of CS cases reported. In this study, we identified 4 patients presenting with CS from 2 Old Order Amish families. Sequence analysis of the ERCC6 gene revealed 2 novel mutations associated with the disorder in these patients. The patients from family 1 were homozygous for a splice-site mutation, c.2709 + 1G>T, in intron 14 of ERCC6, whereas the patients from family 2 were compound heterozygous for c.2709 + 1G>T and a short deletion in exon 5 (c.1293-1320del). Our findings provide evidence of allelic heterogeneity in Old Order Amish, which is extremely uncommon for a rare condition in an isolated founder population. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Jinks R.N.,Franklin And Marshall College | Puffenberger E.G.,Franklin And Marshall College | Baple E.,Wellcome Wolfson Center | Baple E.,University of Southampton | And 30 more authors.
Brain | Year: 2015

We describe a novel nephrocerebellar syndrome on the Galloway-Mowat syndrome spectrum among 30 children (ages 1.0 to 28 years) from diverse Amish demes. Children with nephrocerebellar syndrome had progressive microcephaly, visual impairment, stagnant psychomotor development, abnormal extrapyramidal movements and nephrosis. Fourteen died between ages 2.7 and 28 years, typically from renal failure. Post-mortem studies revealed (i) micrencephaly without polymicrogyria or heterotopia; (ii) atrophic cerebellar hemispheres with stunted folia, profound granule cell depletion, Bergmann gliosis, and signs of Purkinje cell deafferentation; (iii) selective striatal cholinergic interneuron loss; and (iv) optic atrophy with delamination of the lateral geniculate nuclei. Renal tissue showed focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis and extensive effacement and microvillus transformation of podocyte foot processes. Nephrocerebellar syndrome mapped to 700 kb on chromosome 15, which contained a single novel homozygous frameshift variant (WDR73 c.888delT; p.Phe296Leufs∗26). WDR73 protein is expressed in human cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and cultured embryonic kidney cells. It is concentrated at mitotic microtubules and interacts with α-, β-, and γ-tubulin, heat shock proteins 70 and 90 (HSP-70; HSP-90), and the carbamoyl phosphate synthetase 2/aspartate transcarbamylase/dihydroorotase multi-enzyme complex. Recombinant WDR73 p.Phe296Leufs∗26 and p.Arg256Profs∗18 proteins are truncated, unstable, and show increased interaction with α- and β-tubulin and HSP-70/HSP-90. Fibroblasts from patients homozygous for WDR73 p.Phe296Leufs∗26 proliferate poorly in primary culture and senesce early. Our data suggest that in humans, WDR73 interacts with mitotic microtubules to regulate cell cycle progression, proliferation and survival in brain and kidney. We extend the Galloway-Mowat syndrome spectrum with the first description of diencephalic and striatal neuropathology. © The Author (2015). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Guarantors of Brain. All rights reserved. Source

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