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Apeldoorn, Netherlands

Weber M.,DCMR Environmental Protection Agency | Driessen P.P.J.,University Utrecht
Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy | Year: 2010

Interest in environmental policy integration (EPI) has recently been strong, both in the literature and in practice. We explore Dutch initiatives to integrate noise management into spatial planning policy in light of the body of literature on EPI. The main approaches of EPI are translated into a conceptual framework consisting of organizational, procedural, and contextual factors. The objective of this literature review is to relate paradigm shifts and policy innovations regarding noise management and spatial planning to empirical windows of opportunity for and barriers to implementation of EPI. It shows how instruments allowing a flexible approach and deviation from standards at the local level fit in with the discourse on decentralized and area oriented policy. The analysis suggests that procedural and decision-making rules and organizational arrangements can bridge implementation gaps in local-level planning practice. However, EPI in the Netherlands has not solved the noise problem, and the number of affected inhabitants is increasing. We conclude the paper by examining the conceptual and normative issues affecting the integration and prioritization of noise management policy. © 2010 Pion Ltd and its Licensors. Source


Velders G.J.M.,National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM | Snijder A.,DCMR Environmental Protection Agency | Hoogerbrugge R.,National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM
Atmospheric Environment | Year: 2011

Concentrations of sulphur dioxide (SO 2) have been decreasing in the Netherlands since the beginning of the 1980s, as a result of national and international emission control measures. Since 2007, concentrations observed at the Rotterdam port and industrial areas have shown a large decrease that is in line with recent emission control measures. The average annual SO 2 concentration in 2010 was about 50% below 2000-2006 levels. This drop in concentration level corresponds with recent decreases in emissions of SO 2 from Dutch refineries and international sea shipping, on top of the gradual decreases in emissions from sources outside the Netherlands. The reduction in the emissions from refineries was initiated by a ceiling on the total amount of emissions from this sector, effective since 2010. Emission reductions from sea shipping result from two types of regulations to reduce the sulphur content in marine fuel, by 2010; regulation by the International Maritime Organization for sea ships on the North Sea, and by the EU directive for ships at berth in ports. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Weber M.,DCMR Environmental Protection Agency
40th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering 2011, INTER-NOISE 2011 | Year: 2011

In Rotterdam soundscapes of parks are assessed following two approaches. The first approach consists of an acoustic characterization of city parks based upon noise measurements and (statistical) analyses of various noise indicators. In addition, the perception of (acoustic quality of) the parks is further assessed by field surveys. This paper compares different methods on questioning on soundscapes experienced in city parks. One method has been developed in Swedish research and translated into Dutch. The other method has been developed in French and Italian studies and has been adjusted to the pilot study in Rotterdam. A second alternative approach will be applied by RIVM and DCMR in a joint research project. It is envisaged to relate perception data from a biannual environmental field survey to noise levels in parks and on the facades of the dwellings the residents live in. As such we aim to gain knowledge on the noise impact in residential areas and compensatory noise quality in nearby parks. The paper will discuss (dis)advantages of the various approaches applied. Source


Milan B.,DCMR Environmental Protection Agency | Bootsma S.,Comon Invent BV | Bilsen I.,VITO nv
Chemical Engineering Transactions | Year: 2012

In the heavily industrialized and densely populated Port of Rotterdam odour nuisance is the second largest reason for complaints. The DCMR EPA has a control room that is manned 24 hours, 7 days per week. It receives on a yearly basis about 5,000-6,000 odour complaints of residents. One of the tasks of DCMR EPA is to investigate the cause of odour nuisance by field inspection with the human nose. Comon Invent has developed an online E-nose technology. Various industries are using this technology to monitor odours emitted of their own operations. DCMR EPA and Comon Invent cooperate in a long-term program in the port of Rotterdam to explore the potential of this technology. The target is to establish a real-time monitoring system which provides situational awareness about odour and air safety related issues. The program involves networks of electronic noses in the port area and the neighbouring residential areas. The data gathered by the e-nose data is processed and related to other information sources. Among them are odour complaints of residents, field observations of DCMRinspectors and results of olfactometer laboratory testing. The olfactometry testing is performed in collaboration with VITO. This paper details some results of the program. Copyright © 2012, AIDIC Servizi S.r.l. Source


Weber M.,DCMR Environmental Protection Agency
41st International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering 2012, INTER-NOISE 2012 | Year: 2012

Current practices about selection, assessment and management of quiet urban areas in European countries appear to be fragmented and widely varying, or even lacking. Although the EU Directive 49/2002/CE on Environmental Noise (commonly abbreviated END) and national (nature, noise or urban planning) policy instruments set requirements on the delineation and management of these areas of 'good acoustic environment'. The QUADMAP project (QUiet Areas Definition and Management in Action Plans), financed by the EU programme LIFE+, aims at developing a harmonized methodology for selection, assessment and management of quiet urban areas (QUAs). Best practices, lessons learned and empirical study data are assessed in order to define - acoustic and other - parameters relevant for the perception and evaluation of quiet urban areas by the citizens. Tools will be available for local stakeholders, such as (noise policy) decision makers, urban planners, and citizens, in order to assess and manage QUAs. The project's objective is to reposition current approaches and facilitate a transition to sustainable, multi-sector and multi-facet policy instruments. This paper presents preliminary results regarding one of the assessment tools, i.e. questioning visitors on soundscape and other qualities of the quiet (urban) area. Source

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