Agra, India

Dayalbagh Educational Institute or DEI is an educational institution located at Dayalbagh in city of Taj Mahal, Agra. The institute has been given deemed university status by the University Grants Commission of India in 1981. Prof. Prem Kumar Kalra is the Director of Dayalbagh Educational Institute since September, 2013. Wikipedia.

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Chopra A.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Cevc G.,Advanced Treatments Institute
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences | Year: 2014

A non-invasive, intra/transcutaneous immunisation of mice with a suitable combination of tetanus toxoid, ultradeformable vesicle (Transfersome®) carrier, and monophosphoryl lipid A adjuvant targets immuno-competent cells in a body and can protect 100% of the tested mice against an otherwise lethal (50 × LD50) parenteral tetanus toxin challenge. The late immune response to the epicutaneously applied tetanus toxoid in such vesicles consists chiefly of circulating IgG1 and IgG2b antibody isotypes, indicative of a specific Th2 cellular response bias. Immunisations by subcutaneous injections moreover protect 100% of mice against a similar, otherwise lethal, dose of tetanus toxin. However, the immune response to transcutaneous and invasive immunisation differs. The latter elicits mainly IgG1 and IgG2b as well as IgG2a antibody isotypes, indicative of a mixed Th1/Th2 response. The cytokine response of the intra/transcutaneously and subcutaneously immunised mice reflects the difference in the organ-specific manner. IFN-γ concentration is appreciably increased in the draining lymph nodes and IL-10 in spleen. Since tetanus is a neutral antigen, both the Th1-specific IFN-γ and the Th-2 specific-IL-10 are observable. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Roy S.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Yadav C.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
Applied Physics Letters | Year: 2013

A detailed theoretical analysis of ultrafast transition from saturable absorption (SA) to reverse saturable absorption (RSA) has been presented in graphene-oxide thin films with femtosecond laser pulses at 800 nm. Increase in pulse intensity leads to switching from SA to RSA with increased contrast due to two-photon absorption induced excited-state absorption. Theoretical results are in good agreement with reported experimental results. Interestingly, it is also shown that increase in concentration results in RSA to SA transition. The switching has been optimized to design parallel all-optical femtosecond NOT, AND, OR, XOR, and the universal NAND and NOR logic gates. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.

Soni N.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Prakash S.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
Parasitology Research | Year: 2012

Chrysosporium tropicum is a pathogenic fungus. It is known to be an effective mosquito control agent. In the present study, we have synthesized the silver and gold nanoparticles using C. tropicum. These nanoparticles have been characterized through Microscan reader, X-ray diffractometer, transmission electron microscopy, and further confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. The characterization study confirmed the spherical shape and size (2-15 and 20-50 nm) of gold and silver nanoparticles. These silver and gold nanoparticles have been tested as a larvicide against the Aedes aegypti larvae. The larvicidal efficacy was noted when performed against all instars of A. aegypti at six different log concentrations, and significant results could be observed. The gold nanoparticles used as an efficacy enhancer have shown mortality at three times higher concentration than the silver nanoparticles. The larval mortality was observed after different time of exposures. The mortality values were obtained using the probit analysis. The larvae of A. aegypti were found to be highly susceptible for the silver nanoparticles. The second instar larvae have shown 100% mortality against the silver nanoparticles after 1 h, whereas the first, third, and fourth instars have shown efficacy (LC 50=3.47, 4, and 2; LC 90=12.30, 8.91, and 4; LC 99=13.18, 13.18, and 7.58, respectively) after 1 h. The results could suggest that the use of fungus C. tropicum, silver, and gold nanoparticles is a rapid, environmentally safer, and greener approach for mosquito control. This could lead us to a new possibility in vector control strategy. © Springer-Verlag 2011.

Lakhani A.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
The Scientific World Journal | Year: 2012

16USEPA priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were quantified in total suspended ambient particulate matter (TSPM) collected from an industrial site in Agra (India) using gas chromatography. The major industrial activities in Agra are foundries that previously used coal and coke as fuel in cupola furnaces. These foundries have now switched over to natural gas. In addition, use of compressed natural gas has also been promoted and encouraged in automobiles. This study attempts to apportion sources of PAH in the ambient air and the results reflect the advantages associated with the change of fuel. The predominant PAHs in TSPM include high molecular weight (HMW) congeners BghiP, DbA, IP, and BaP. The sum of 16 priority PAHs had a mean value of 72.7±4.7ngm-3. Potential sources of PAHs in aerosols were identified using diagnostic ratios and principal component analysis. The results reflect a blend of emissions from diesel and natural gas as the major sources of PAH in the city along with contribution from emission of coal, coke, and gasoline. Copyright 2012 Anita Lakhani.

Soni N.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Prakash S.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
Parasitology Research | Year: 2012

Fungi as such are known to be an effective mosquito control agent. In the present investigation, the effect of silver nanoparticles synthesized with Chrysosporium keratinophilum, Verticillium lecanii, and Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. pisi has been evaluated against the adult mosquito of filariasis vector Culex quinquefasciatus. The silver nanoparticles were characterized by using the UV-Vis spectrophotometer and X-ray diffraction techniques. The micrographs of silver nanoparticles were obtained by transmission electron microscope and scanning electron microscope. Elemental analysis on single particle was carried out by EDX analysis. The characterization study confirmed different shapes and sizes of silver nanoparticles. The efficacy test was performed at five different concentrations for a period of 24 h by the probit analysis. The C. quinquefasciatus has shown higher efficacy against the silver nanoparticles synthesized with C. keratinophilum and V. lecanii (lethal concentration (LC)50 0.19 and 0.4 μl/cm2; LC90 2.4 and 3.2 μl/cm2; and LC99 4.0 and 5.6 μl/cm2) after 22 h of exposure. While the silver nanoparticles synthesized with F. oxysporum f.sp. pisi were found to be less effective against the C. quinquefasciatus, the silver nanoparticles synthesized by C. keratinophilum and V. lecanii were found to be more effective than those generated with the help of F. oxysporum f.sp. pisi and C. quinquefasciatus. The use of fungus-mediated silver nanoparticles is a rapid, environmentally safer, and greener approach for vector control strategy and is adaptable globally. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

Saraswat A.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Saini A.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence | Year: 2013

This paper proposes a new hybrid fuzzy multi-objective evolutionary algorithm (HFMOEA) based approach for solving complex multi-objective, mixed integer nonlinear problems such as optimal reactive power dispatch considering voltage stability (ORPD-VS). In HFMOEA based optimization approach, the two parameters like crossover probability (PC) and mutation probability (PM) are varied dynamically through the output of a fuzzy logic controller. The fuzzy logic controller is designed on the basis of expert knowledge to enhance the overall stochastic search capability for generating better pareto-optimal solution. Two detailed case studies are presented: Firstly, the performance of HFMOEA is tested on five benchmark test problems such as ZDT1, ZDT2, ZDT3, ZDT4 and ZDT6 as suggested by Zitzler, Deb and Thiele; Secondly, HFMOEA is applied to multi-objective ORPD-VS problem. In both the case studies, the optimization results obtained from HFMOEA are analysed and compared with the same obtained from two versions of elitist non-dominated sorting genetic algorithms such as NSGA-II and MNSGA-II in terms of various performance metrics. The simulation results are promising and confirm the ability of HFMOEA for generating better pareto-optimal fronts with superior convergence and diversity. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Saraswat A.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Saini A.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Saxena A.K.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
Energy | Year: 2013

This paper presents a Pareto-optimization based zonal day-ahead reactive power market settlement model named as multi-zone DA-RPMS model. Three competing objective functions such as Total Payment Function (TPF) for reactive power support services from generators/synchronous condensers, Total Real Transmission Loss (TRTL) and Voltage Stability Enhancement Index (VSEI) are optimized simultaneously by satisfying various power system operating constraints while settling the day-ahead reactive power market. The proposed multi-zone DA-RPMS model is tested and compared with single-zone DA-RPMS model on standard IEEE 24 bus reliability test system. A Hybrid Fuzzy Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithm (HFMOEA) approach is applied and compared with NSGA-II for solving these DA-RPMS models in competitive electricity market environment. Further, both the single-zone and multi-zone DA-RPMS models are also analyzed on the basis of market power owned by any generator/any generating company. The simulation results obtained confirm the superiority of HFMOEA in finding the better Pareto-optimal fronts in order to take better day-ahead reactive power market settlement decisions. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Kumar S.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Chaturvedi D.K.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems | Year: 2013

The optimal power flow is an important problem of power systems in which certain control variables are adjusted to minimize an objective function such as the cost of active power generation or the losses, while satisfying physical and operating limits on various controls, dependent variables and function of variables. This paper presents an efficient and reliable evolutionary based approach to solve the optimal power flow (OPF) problems. The proposed approach employs the integration of Fuzzy Systems with Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm for optimal setting of OPF problem control variables. The proposed approach has been tested on the modified IEEE 30-bus test system with objective function that reflects fuel cost minimization with different linear and non-linear constraints. The proposed approach results have been compared with the results those reported in the literature. The results of proposed approaches are promising and it shows the effectiveness and robustness of proposed methods. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Sethi P.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Roy S.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
Journal of Lightwave Technology | Year: 2014

We present a theoretical model to analyze all-optical switching by two-photon absorption induced free-carrier injection in silicon 2 × 2 add-drop microring resonators. The theoretical simulations are in good agreement with experimental results. The results have been used to design all-optical ultrafast (i) reconfigurable De-multiplexer/Multiplexer logic circuits using three microring resonator switches and (ii) universal, conservative and reversible Fredkin and Toffoli logic gates with only one and two microring resonator switches respectively. Switching has been optimized for low-power (25 mW) ultrafast (25 ps) operation with high modulation depth (85%) to enable logic operations at 40 Gb/s. The combined advantages of high Q-factor, tunability, compactness, cascadibility, reversibility and reconfigurability make the designs favorable for practical applications. The proposed designs provide a new paradigm for ultrafast CMOS-compatible all-optical reversible computing circuits in silicon. © 1983-2012 IEEE.

Gurucharan V.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Prakash S.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
Journal of High Energy Physics | Year: 2014

Non-abelian Chern-Simons theories coupled to fermions are known to provide an interesting class of non-supersymmetric conformal fixed points [1]. These theories, particularly those based on bifundamental matter, are important because they may provide simple non-supersymmetric examples of the AdS/CFT correspondence. For instance, it seems natural to conjecture that O(N)−k × O(N)k Chern-Simons theory coupled to Majorana fermions transforming in a bi-vector representation may be dual to pure Einstein gravity with a small negative cosmological constant in the “M-theory” limit where k = 1 and N is large. While it is extremely difficult to directly study such bifundamental theories when k = 1 or even at strong ’t Hooft coupling (formula presented), it is possible to calculate physical quantities to all orders in λ in a (formula presented) theory, in the limit M ≪ N, in an M/N expansion. To illustrate this, we calculate the anomalous dimension of the primary operator tr to first order in M/N, to all orders in (formula presented) but with (formula presented). We also comment on possible bosonization dualities for bifundamental Chern-Simons theories. © 2014, The Author(s).

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