Dayalbagh Educational Institute

www.dei.ac.in/
Agra, India

Dayalbagh Educational Institute or DEI is an educational institution located at Dayalbagh in city of Taj Mahal, Agra. The institute has been given deemed university status by the University Grants Commission of India in 1981. Prof. Prem Kumar Kalra is the Director of Dayalbagh Educational Institute since September, 2013. Wikipedia.

SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

Quantum Nano & Consciousness Centre Determines the Key to Scientific Theory of Consciousness Researchers at Quantum Nano & Consciousness Centre, Dayalbagh Educational Institute in Agra, have used mathematical abstraction for modeling microtubules in brain as n-dimensional quantum states or n-qudit based quantum Hopfield network. Thus determining that the Key to a Scientific Theory of Consciousness Lies in the Mathematical Abstractions of Zero and Infinity. Agra, India, April 20, 2017 --( The highest abstraction in science through mathematics and quantum physics enables identification of important features of consciousness. The defining characteristics of consciousness, namely, immortal, eternal and infinite, imply consciousness to transcend space, time and cause and have a transcendental existence. To bridge the physical with the transcendental, it is important to identify, the interfaces, such as, stillness with time and eternity; emptiness with space and infinity; and silence with cause and immortality. An attempt to understand consciousness through the mind, leads to a theoretical framework that involves extreme mathematical abstraction, which invariably requires zero and infinity. The mathematical fabric of reality becomes evident at the largest and the smallest scales. Max Tegmark, a professor of physics at MIT, in his book, "Our Mathematical Universe," describes a cosmic vision of infinite time and space and infinite parallel universes, and builds on the extreme Pythagorean/Platonic thesis that physical reality is ultimately nothing other than a giant mathematical totality. He proposes a Mathematical Universe Hypothesis, according to which, our reality isn't just described by mathematics – it is mathematics, i.e., our external physical reality is a mathematical structure. The eminent mathematician and physicist Sir Roger Penrose in his recent book, "Fashion, Faith and Fantasy in the New Physics of the Universe," expresses concern over excessive degrees of freedom that become available to the system, at the extremely small Planck-scale (∼10−35 m) geometry, in supra-dimensional theories, such as the string theory. The ground state of Planck-scale space is by necessity not localized at any place in our ordinary space-time, and is supposed to be omnipresent, permeating the structure of space-time throughout the entire universe. Hence, at the extreme limit, infinitesimally small particles below the Planck scale, will become subtler, possess infinite potential capabilities and hence, become omnipresent and omniscient. Quantum theories of consciousness are also based on mathematical abstraction. In an ingenious work, researchers at the Quantum Nano & Consciousness Centre, Dayalbagh Educational Institute in Agra, have used higher mathematical abstraction by modeling microtubules in the brain as n-dimensional quantum states or n-qudit based quantum Hopfield network The worldview of eastern philosophy was strongly based on zero (nothingness) and infinity (everything-ness). In the Isha Upanishad of the Yajurveda (1000-600 BC), a famous incantation appears, i.e., "From fullness comes fullness, and removing fullness from fullness, what remains is also fullness." Infinity was a human attempt to make the transcendental all-inclusive. With consciousness, we become aware of limitless possibilities and nothingness that existed before it and aim to merge into that void of eternity. Since mathematics is the language of science, it is important that extreme abstractions in terms of zero and infinity should not be limited to the confines of the physical domain, when they point to the metaphysical or the transcendental domain and provide a window at the very limits of human thought, for an understanding of consciousness. Agra, India, April 20, 2017 --( PR.com )-- It is widely accepted that consciousness is the ground of being and is the basis of our subjective experiences. Eastern experiential accounts of pure consciousness describe it to be highly abstract, immortal, eternal, infinite, extremely blissful and beautiful, incomprehensible through mind and ineffable. No wonder that highly abstract fields of arts, music, painting, sculpture or poetry and the highly abstract physical mathematical theory of quantum mechanics are also open to multitude of interpretations. In developing a science of consciousness, it is important to identify powerful scientific metaphors to facilitate greater scientific understanding of experiential states of consciousness.The highest abstraction in science through mathematics and quantum physics enables identification of important features of consciousness. The defining characteristics of consciousness, namely, immortal, eternal and infinite, imply consciousness to transcend space, time and cause and have a transcendental existence. To bridge the physical with the transcendental, it is important to identify, the interfaces, such as, stillness with time and eternity; emptiness with space and infinity; and silence with cause and immortality. An attempt to understand consciousness through the mind, leads to a theoretical framework that involves extreme mathematical abstraction, which invariably requires zero and infinity.The mathematical fabric of reality becomes evident at the largest and the smallest scales. Max Tegmark, a professor of physics at MIT, in his book, "Our Mathematical Universe," describes a cosmic vision of infinite time and space and infinite parallel universes, and builds on the extreme Pythagorean/Platonic thesis that physical reality is ultimately nothing other than a giant mathematical totality. He proposes a Mathematical Universe Hypothesis, according to which, our reality isn't just described by mathematics – it is mathematics, i.e., our external physical reality is a mathematical structure.The eminent mathematician and physicist Sir Roger Penrose in his recent book, "Fashion, Faith and Fantasy in the New Physics of the Universe," expresses concern over excessive degrees of freedom that become available to the system, at the extremely small Planck-scale (∼10−35 m) geometry, in supra-dimensional theories, such as the string theory. The ground state of Planck-scale space is by necessity not localized at any place in our ordinary space-time, and is supposed to be omnipresent, permeating the structure of space-time throughout the entire universe. Hence, at the extreme limit, infinitesimally small particles below the Planck scale, will become subtler, possess infinite potential capabilities and hence, become omnipresent and omniscient.Quantum theories of consciousness are also based on mathematical abstraction. In an ingenious work, researchers at the Quantum Nano & Consciousness Centre, Dayalbagh Educational Institute in Agra, have used higher mathematical abstraction by modeling microtubules in the brain as n-dimensional quantum states or n-qudit based quantum Hopfield network http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03081079.2015.1076405 [Srivastava et al., Intl. J. Gen. Syst. 45, 41-54, 2016]. The versatility of this novel model as highlighted by the authors, is that it can be used to even model consciousness as n approaches infinity, i.e., an infinite-qudit quantum system with infinite degrees of functional freedom, and its dynamics by quantum mechanics of information states represented by vectors, in hierarchic infinite dimensional Hilbert vector space, over a field of complex numbers. This would lead to subtler phenomenal features of consciousness and enable a virtual coherent spatio-temporal structure, independent of the anatomical structure that supersedes and operates the brain's intrinsic activity.The worldview of eastern philosophy was strongly based on zero (nothingness) and infinity (everything-ness). In the Isha Upanishad of the Yajurveda (1000-600 BC), a famous incantation appears, i.e., "From fullness comes fullness, and removing fullness from fullness, what remains is also fullness." Infinity was a human attempt to make the transcendental all-inclusive. With consciousness, we become aware of limitless possibilities and nothingness that existed before it and aim to merge into that void of eternity. Since mathematics is the language of science, it is important that extreme abstractions in terms of zero and infinity should not be limited to the confines of the physical domain, when they point to the metaphysical or the transcendental domain and provide a window at the very limits of human thought, for an understanding of consciousness.


News Article | May 2, 2017
Site: www.prweb.com

For all those out there, who have been searching for the means to perceive the true nature of reality, consciousness, or cosmic existence, mathematics may be the way to go. That is what Dayal Pyari Srivastava, Vishal Sahni and Prem Saran Satsangi, working from the Dayalbagh Educational Institute in Agra say in their article “From n-qubit multi-particle quantum teleportation modelling to n-qudit contextuality based quantum teleportation and beyond” published recently in the International Journal of General Systems (12 April 2017). One of the authors, namely, Revered Professor Satsangi is perhaps the only living stalwarts of the likes of Koenig, Reed, Tokad, and Keshvan, who has mastered the skill of Graph theoretic application to almost any system. In their latest paper, the authors have used graph theory to model a three particle entangled [quantum] teleportation system. By teleportation, they do not mean the kind of teleportation you remember watching or reading about in science fiction television shows (Star Trek) and works of fiction (Timeline), where humans or objects would molecularly disassemble in one place and magically reassemble, intact and whole, in another place or dimension. Rather, quantum teleportation refers to a process by which quantum information (the exact state of an atom or photon) can be principally transmitted from one location to another through, as the authors put forward, three particle quantum entangled states. Quantum teleportation is a form of communication; it provides a way of transporting a qubit (a unit of quantum information) from one location to another, without movement of physical particles. So, how does that tell us about the ultimate source of consciousness? In their Consciousness System Model, Srivastava et al. argue that quantum computing models should not be limited to only three states. Instead, a step forward should be taken to generalize it to higher dimensions, “tending to infinity, and that is the hope which brings us to the threshold of being face to face mathematically in abstract terms with the ultimate source of consciousness.” Scientists, thus far, have not looked beyond Planck’s length to measure particles, which grow so subtle that there are not any physical instruments to measure them. Srivastava et al. state that it is for this reason that the scientists are limited in their understanding, “whereas mathematics which is part of science, shows that particles are there which are subtler, subtler and the subtlest ones. They move to infinity, they are most subtle, they become very small or subtle when we are close to zero; infinity is the macrocosm problem. Scientists can neither access infinity, nor zero, but none would say mathematics is not a part of science.” Srivastava et al. have employed Topology based Graph Theory, which “provides that we may stretch space, we may compress space, we may twist space as we like and quantum mechanics will come to monitor the smallest world as well as the largest macroscopic phenomena, and this follows through mathematics.” Incidentally, winners of Physis Nobel Prize for the year 2016, namely, Kosterlitz, Haldane and Thouless, had also applied Topology in their award winning work. Highlighting the versatility of Topological Graph Theoretic Modelling, on the basis of abstract mathematics, Srivastava, et al. have emphasized that their model can aid in developing, alongside super-intelligent machines, supermen imbued with such values and quality that they prevent misuse of these machines in the future (Sir Roger Penrose and Nick Bostrom). The work of these three authors has been presented and discussed at international and national scientific forums with leading names in the world of consciousness studies today like Sir Roger Penrose and Professor (Dr.) Stuart Hameroff, amongst many others, who are working at the forefront (both mathematicians and scientists). Regarding subatomic particles, the authors further explain that both Max Tegmark (MIT physicist and cosmologist) and Sir Roger Penrose (mathematical physicist, mathematician and philosopher of science) concur that “the ultimate reality is the mathematical structure of the universe and one can reach ultimate reality,” as finer and finer particles occur, supporting the Big Bang theory. Penrose “figures that there have been a series of Big Bangs”. Tegmark visualizes that, as a result, there have to be “very high temperatures characteristic of a fusion reactor as is present in the sun.” Yet, Tegmark’s doubts, as to how anything could survive at those high temperatures, is countered by Srivastava et al., for, as they explain, “what has to survive [in that environment] are (infinitesimally) small particles, not the physical body that we possess; this body has to be given up much earlier. The physical body cannot withstand those temperatures” and it is the spirit force, which does. As the authors conclude, “We find particles going to even a smaller size, subtler than Max Planck’s dimension of 10−35 m and those are the ones which belong to the Universe of the Mind and the Universe of the Spirit Force, and they have no problem in withstanding the heat and light. They perceive it as very blissful, musical and the ultimate abode for it (the spirit or the soul)” (Satsangi. Consciousness: Integrating Eastern and Western Perspectives. 2016


News Article | May 14, 2017
Site: www.prweb.com

It is a unique achievement that a research paper from Dayalbagh Educational Institute (DEI), Agra, India is currently the top scoring paper of similar age on the Altmetric listening tool used widely by publishers to track discussions related to scholarly articles. To appreciate the work done by the authors, the publishers Taylor and Francis decided to give free access to the paper, "From n-qubit multi-particle quantum teleportation modelling to n-qudit contextuality based quantum teleportation and beyond", till 30th June 2017, which usually costs $50 for a 24-hour access. Probably, there is no precedence of a research paper from India in the recent past to have received this honor. The publishers have, in fact, gone a step ahead and also featured the paper on their home page under 'Trending Research'. The authors have used graph theory to model a three particle entangled teleportation system. The content of the paper makes an intriguing reading and while a glance at the paper may perplex a layman who does not have sufficient knowledge about quantum physics and mathematical equations, it is however not so difficult to understand the underlying principles. The authors have written three preceding papers explaining quantum information processing using graph theory and the current paper has to be seen in continuation of the same. The popularity of the paper is primarily due to the holistic approach adopted by the authors in encapsulating both the scientific usage and its possible applications as well as by subtly indicating the limits that bind us from having a complete understanding of the cosmos. Quantum physics provides the necessary scientific tools that can help measure or demonstrate phenomena that we fail to do with classical physics. It will help the user to have prior understanding of two theories, the first being the cosmological interpretation of quantum mechanics proposed by Max Tegmark which predicts an infinite three-dimensional space with infinitely many planets and infinitely many copies of any quantum system. The second theory is the Orchestrated objective reduction (Orch-OR) theory which is a hypothesis that consciousness in the brain originates from processes inside neurons, rather than from connections between neurons (the conventional view). The paper gives an insight into the contextual manner in which information teleportation could happen when a possible scenario of quantum entanglement between three (or more) particles occurs. This opens a plethora of possible business applications in machines possessing artificial intelligence; the authors terming them as super intelligent machines. In the same breath, the paper talks about the scope of imbibing values and qualities in humans towards the development of supermen to counter any possible misuse of these super intelligent machines. Another interesting aspect of the paper is that it highlights the limitations faced by the available measuring tools. It is stated by the authors that some leading mathematicians admit the existence of particles smaller than Planck’s dimension of 10 to the power -35 m. However, according to the authors, such particles may cease to be matter at that scale. Similarly, when measuring distances, scientists are restricted to go beyond 10 to the power 10 light years and, therefore, cannot visualize a bigger expanse. This limits their understanding of natural phenomena because everything that they measure is bound by the limitations of the available tools. Thus, scientists have a disbelief and doubt about their own discoveries in the absence of commensurate measurements. Hence, the authors suggest that further research needs to be conducted to detect particles subtler than Planck’s constant and long distances beyond 10 to the power 10 light years. It appears that the authors hint at a blend of scientific temper with experiential knowledge based on meditation. In ancient India, Rishis were Scientists and Scientists were Rishis. Vedas and Vedangas have been sources of various scientific disciplines, e.g. Linguistics, Astronomy, Music, Computational techniques (Panini and Pingala) and reached their heights in the remote past. Kapila, Kanada, Nagarjuna, Abhinavagupta are great names in this tradition who made great contributions to secular sciences as well as spiritual knowledge. Even the scientists of other lands and cultures like Plato and Pythagoras were considered Rishis in their own right. The tradition of scientists being endowed with intuitional wisdom continues in India. Dayalbagh has more than a century-old tradition of appreciating modern scientific techniques, while being strongly moored to the Religion of Saints (Radhasoami Faith, Dayalbagh). In fact, the senior most author of the paper is Revered Prof. Prem Saran Satsangi, Chairman, Advisory Committee on Education, Dayalbagh Educational Institutions, Dayalbagh, who is a world-renowned authority in systems science, and is the Spiritual Head of Radhasoami Faith, Dayalbagh. The first author is Dr. Dayal Pyari Srivastava, a faculty member in Department of Physics and Computer Science, DEI, and the second author is Dr. Vishal Sahni, Chair Professor, Quantum-Nano Systems Centre and Centre for Consciousness Studies at DEI. Based on modeling theory of mathematics, logic and induction, the authors conclude that as we find particles of sizes even smaller and subtler than Max Planck’s dimension of 10 to the power -35 m, we approach particles that belong to Universe of Mind and Universe of Spirit Force, and they have no problem in understanding the heat and light. They perceive it as very blissful, musical and their ultimate abode.


Gupta P.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Markan C.M.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
Frontiers in Neuroscience | Year: 2014

The biggest challenge that the neuromorphic community faces today is to build systems that can be considered truly cognitive. Adaptation and self-organization are the two basic principles that underlie any cognitive function that the brain performs. If we can replicate this behavior in hardware, we move a step closer to our goal of having cognitive neuromorphic systems. Adaptive feature selectivity is a mechanism by which nature optimizes resources so as to have greater acuity for more abundant features. Developing neuromorphic feature maps can help design generic machines that can emulate this adaptive behavior. Most neuromorphic models that have attempted to build self-organizing systems, follow the approach of modeling abstract theoretical frameworks in hardware. While this is good from a modeling and analysis perspective, it may not lead to the most efficient hardware. On the other hand, exploiting hardware dynamics to build adaptive systems rather than forcing the hardware to behave like mathematical equations, seems to be a more robust methodology when it comes to developing actual hardware for real world applications. In this paper we use a novel time-staggered Winner Take All circuit, that exploits the adaptation dynamics of floating gate transistors, to model an adaptive cortical cell that demonstrates Orientation Selectivity, a well-known biological phenomenon observed in the visual cortex. The cell performs competitive learning, refining its weights in response to input patterns resembling different oriented bars, becoming selective to a particular oriented pattern. Different analysis performed on the cell such as orientation tuning, application of abnormal inputs, response to spatial frequency and periodic patterns reveal close similarity between our cell and its biological counterpart. Embedded in a RC grid, these cells interact diffusively exhibiting cluster formation, making way for adaptively building orientation selective maps in silicon. © 2014 Gupta and Markan.


Roy S.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Yadav C.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
Applied Physics Letters | Year: 2013

A detailed theoretical analysis of ultrafast transition from saturable absorption (SA) to reverse saturable absorption (RSA) has been presented in graphene-oxide thin films with femtosecond laser pulses at 800 nm. Increase in pulse intensity leads to switching from SA to RSA with increased contrast due to two-photon absorption induced excited-state absorption. Theoretical results are in good agreement with reported experimental results. Interestingly, it is also shown that increase in concentration results in RSA to SA transition. The switching has been optimized to design parallel all-optical femtosecond NOT, AND, OR, XOR, and the universal NAND and NOR logic gates. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.


Soni N.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Prakash S.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
Parasitology Research | Year: 2012

Chrysosporium tropicum is a pathogenic fungus. It is known to be an effective mosquito control agent. In the present study, we have synthesized the silver and gold nanoparticles using C. tropicum. These nanoparticles have been characterized through Microscan reader, X-ray diffractometer, transmission electron microscopy, and further confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. The characterization study confirmed the spherical shape and size (2-15 and 20-50 nm) of gold and silver nanoparticles. These silver and gold nanoparticles have been tested as a larvicide against the Aedes aegypti larvae. The larvicidal efficacy was noted when performed against all instars of A. aegypti at six different log concentrations, and significant results could be observed. The gold nanoparticles used as an efficacy enhancer have shown mortality at three times higher concentration than the silver nanoparticles. The larval mortality was observed after different time of exposures. The mortality values were obtained using the probit analysis. The larvae of A. aegypti were found to be highly susceptible for the silver nanoparticles. The second instar larvae have shown 100% mortality against the silver nanoparticles after 1 h, whereas the first, third, and fourth instars have shown efficacy (LC 50=3.47, 4, and 2; LC 90=12.30, 8.91, and 4; LC 99=13.18, 13.18, and 7.58, respectively) after 1 h. The results could suggest that the use of fungus C. tropicum, silver, and gold nanoparticles is a rapid, environmentally safer, and greener approach for mosquito control. This could lead us to a new possibility in vector control strategy. © Springer-Verlag 2011.


Lakhani A.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
The Scientific World Journal | Year: 2012

16USEPA priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were quantified in total suspended ambient particulate matter (TSPM) collected from an industrial site in Agra (India) using gas chromatography. The major industrial activities in Agra are foundries that previously used coal and coke as fuel in cupola furnaces. These foundries have now switched over to natural gas. In addition, use of compressed natural gas has also been promoted and encouraged in automobiles. This study attempts to apportion sources of PAH in the ambient air and the results reflect the advantages associated with the change of fuel. The predominant PAHs in TSPM include high molecular weight (HMW) congeners BghiP, DbA, IP, and BaP. The sum of 16 priority PAHs had a mean value of 72.7±4.7ngm-3. Potential sources of PAHs in aerosols were identified using diagnostic ratios and principal component analysis. The results reflect a blend of emissions from diesel and natural gas as the major sources of PAH in the city along with contribution from emission of coal, coke, and gasoline. Copyright 2012 Anita Lakhani.


Saraswat A.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Saini A.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence | Year: 2013

This paper proposes a new hybrid fuzzy multi-objective evolutionary algorithm (HFMOEA) based approach for solving complex multi-objective, mixed integer nonlinear problems such as optimal reactive power dispatch considering voltage stability (ORPD-VS). In HFMOEA based optimization approach, the two parameters like crossover probability (PC) and mutation probability (PM) are varied dynamically through the output of a fuzzy logic controller. The fuzzy logic controller is designed on the basis of expert knowledge to enhance the overall stochastic search capability for generating better pareto-optimal solution. Two detailed case studies are presented: Firstly, the performance of HFMOEA is tested on five benchmark test problems such as ZDT1, ZDT2, ZDT3, ZDT4 and ZDT6 as suggested by Zitzler, Deb and Thiele; Secondly, HFMOEA is applied to multi-objective ORPD-VS problem. In both the case studies, the optimization results obtained from HFMOEA are analysed and compared with the same obtained from two versions of elitist non-dominated sorting genetic algorithms such as NSGA-II and MNSGA-II in terms of various performance metrics. The simulation results are promising and confirm the ability of HFMOEA for generating better pareto-optimal fronts with superior convergence and diversity. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Kumar S.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Chaturvedi D.K.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems | Year: 2013

The optimal power flow is an important problem of power systems in which certain control variables are adjusted to minimize an objective function such as the cost of active power generation or the losses, while satisfying physical and operating limits on various controls, dependent variables and function of variables. This paper presents an efficient and reliable evolutionary based approach to solve the optimal power flow (OPF) problems. The proposed approach employs the integration of Fuzzy Systems with Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm for optimal setting of OPF problem control variables. The proposed approach has been tested on the modified IEEE 30-bus test system with objective function that reflects fuel cost minimization with different linear and non-linear constraints. The proposed approach results have been compared with the results those reported in the literature. The results of proposed approaches are promising and it shows the effectiveness and robustness of proposed methods. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Sethi P.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Roy S.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute
Journal of Lightwave Technology | Year: 2014

We present a theoretical model to analyze all-optical switching by two-photon absorption induced free-carrier injection in silicon 2 × 2 add-drop microring resonators. The theoretical simulations are in good agreement with experimental results. The results have been used to design all-optical ultrafast (i) reconfigurable De-multiplexer/Multiplexer logic circuits using three microring resonator switches and (ii) universal, conservative and reversible Fredkin and Toffoli logic gates with only one and two microring resonator switches respectively. Switching has been optimized for low-power (25 mW) ultrafast (25 ps) operation with high modulation depth (85%) to enable logic operations at 40 Gb/s. The combined advantages of high Q-factor, tunability, compactness, cascadibility, reversibility and reconfigurability make the designs favorable for practical applications. The proposed designs provide a new paradigm for ultrafast CMOS-compatible all-optical reversible computing circuits in silicon. © 1983-2012 IEEE.

Loading Dayalbagh Educational Institute collaborators
Loading Dayalbagh Educational Institute collaborators