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Dixon Lane-Meadow Creek, CA, United States

Mora A.,Ecopetrol SA | Casallas W.,Ecopetrol SA | Ketcham R.A.,University of Texas at Austin | Gomez D.,Ecopetrol SA | And 7 more authors.
AAPG Bulletin | Year: 2015

In this paper, we demonstrate a workflow for constructing kinematic restorations in complex foothill areas devoid of growth strata and other indicators for the chronology of deformation. Our initial reconstructions utilize thermochronometric data, a well-documented structural geometry, and a first-order conversion of exhumation rates into tectonic rates. We then utilize models obtained from the new in-house-developed software FetKin to build a first version of the thermokinematic restoration. The FetKin approach is geared primarily toward testing and further calibration and refinement of the kinematic restoration, based on the extent to which the model result agrees with thermochronometric data from the study area in the form of both discrete ages and inverse-modeled time-temperature envelopes. This analysis also provides rates of shortening and time-temperature paths throughout the model space that can be used to make first-order predictions of when different source rocks entered the oil window. These capabilities are demonstrated in a pilot case study along a cross section in the Colombian Eastern Cordillera. The improved confidence in the reconstruction that this technique provides allows us to show increasing shortening rates in this part of the Andes during the Neogene reaching up to 5 mm/yr (0.20 in./yr) by the Pliocene, and constrain the timing of generation from the most important oil kitchens for the Eastern Cordillera-Llanos basin petroleum system. This approach, therefore, proves to be a useful method for creating high-resolution and high-fidelity kinematic restorations. Copyright ©2015. The American Association of Petroleum Geologists. All rights reserved. Source

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