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Meir M.,David and Inez Myers Laboratory for Cancer Research | Galanty Y.,David and Inez Myers Laboratory for Cancer Research | Galanty Y.,University of Cambridge | Kashani L.,David and Inez Myers Laboratory for Cancer Research | And 16 more authors.
Nucleic Acids Research

The DNA damage response is vigorously activated by DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). The chief mobilizer of the DSB response is the ATM protein kinase. We discovered that the COP9 signalosome (CSN) is a crucial player in the DSB response and an ATM target. CSN is a protein complex that regulates the activity of cullin ring ubiquitin ligase (CRL) complexes by removing the ubiquitin-like protein, NEDD8, from their cullin scaffold. We find that the CSN is physically recruited to DSB sites in a neddylation-dependent manner, and is required for timely repair of DSBs, affecting the balance between the two major DSB repair pathways-nonhomologous end-joining and homologous recombination repair (HRR). The CSN is essential for the processivity of deep end-resection-the initial step in HRR. Cullin 4a (CUL4A) is recruited to DSB sites in a CSN-and neddylation-dependent manner, suggesting that CSN partners with CRL4 in this pathway. Furthermore, we found that ATM-mediated phosphorylation of CSN subunit 3 on S410 is critical for proper DSB repair, and that loss of this phosphorylation site alone is sufficient to cause a DDR deficiency phenotype in the mouse. This novel branch of the DSB response thus significantly affects genome stability. © 2015 The Author(s). Source

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