Yamunānagar, India
Yamunānagar, India

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Galhotra V.,Gian Sagar Dental College | Pandit I.K.,Dav Dental College And Hospital | Gambhir R.S.,Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital | Srivastava N.,Subharti Dental College and Hospital | Gugnani N.,Dav Dental College And Hospital
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine | Year: 2013

Objective: The present study is envisaged to evaluate and compare the microleakage of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) with commonly used retrograde filling materials, like light-cured composite with dentin-bonding agents, light-cured glass ionomer cement (LC GIC) and resin-modified zinc oxide eugenol. Materials and Methods: Ninety freshly extracted non-carious single-rooted human anterior teeth were used in the study. They were randomly divided into four experimental groups and two control groups of 15 each. Following the biomechanical preparation, all teeth were obturated and then the apices of the obturated teeth were resected by removing 3 mm of each apex at 90° to the long axis of the tooth with a straight fissure bur in a high-speed air-rotor handpiece with water coolant. A 3-mm-deep root end cavity was prepared and the root end fillings were placed as per the manufacturer's instructions and according to the groups divided. The samples were then immersed in 1% methylene blue at room temperature for 72 h, 96 h and 1 week and the dye penetration was measured. Results and Conclusion: All the four materials used in the study showed some microleakage throughout the experimental period. The sealing ability in terms of microleakage can be summarized as: MTA > Composite resin with dentin bonding agent > LC GIC > Resin modified zinc oxide eugenol.


Bali R.,Dav Dental College and Hospital | Sharma P.,Dav Dental College and Hospital | Jain S.,Dav Dental College and Hospital | Thapar D.,Dav Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery | Year: 2010

Congenital fibrous fusion of the jaws (synechiae) without any concomitant oral anomalies is a very rare malformation. Less than 40 cases have been documented in the literature. Early division of fibrous bands not only allows effective feeding but also prevents development of facial deformity. Here we present a case of congenital maxillomandibular fusion in a neonate. © 2010 Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons of India.


PubMed | Dav Dental College And Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of maxillofacial and oral surgery | Year: 2015

Dislocation is defined as the complete loss of articular relationship between the articular fossa of the temporal bone and the condyle-disk complex. Most common aetiology of dislocation is wide mouth opening, trauma and use of certain drugs. It is classified as acute, chronic and recurrent. Chronic recurrent dislocation of mandible is a distressing condition especially for geriatric patients. Various non-surgical methods of reduction include Hippocratic method, Awangs gag reflex method, wrist-pivot technique, combined ipsilateral staggering technique, recumbent approach, intermaxillary fixation, injection of a sclerosing solution, autologus blood transfusion and botulinum toxin. In geriatric population, the ridges become atrophic with time and use of any method of reduction which exerts force on mandible increases chances of fracture of mandible. Awangs gag reflex method is a non invasive technique which helps in treatment of chronic recurrent dislocation in geriatric patients. Along with this technique the use of a cervical collar has been reported in this article, which not only acts as a restrainer but also is helpful for cervical spondylosis, a common condition encountered in geriatric population.


PubMed | DAV Dental College and Hospital and Dav Dental College And Mm General Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of maxillofacial and oral surgery | Year: 2015

To comparatively evaluate the efficacy of a pencil type wire twister and the normal wire twister in terms of various parameters during arch bars application.The study involved residents of the department enrolled in MDS course. Two study groups of 60 patients each were made by randomly selecting the patients from the outpatient department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery who required arch bar application. Group A included the patients who underwent upper and lower arch bar application with the use of a pencil type twister and group B included patients who underwent arch bar application with a normal wire twister. All respondents were given a questionnaire after the completion of procedure involving the use of medical sharps. The paired samples t test was used for statistical analysis.Among group A, mean glove perforations, actual wire stick injuries, mean time taken to complete the procedure, mean wire breakage during the procedure was less than in group B. Comfort level of patients and Ease of operator while performing the procedure was more in group A than in group B. Frictional abrasion of the finger was not associated with the use of pencil type twister. Overall rating of the procedure was more in group A than group B.The use of pencil type wire twister outweighs normal wire twister in various ways. It increases the overall efficacy of the operator during the procedure.


PubMed | Dav Dental College And Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of maxillofacial and oral surgery | Year: 2015

Animal bites are a significant public health problem, with the majority of bites coming from dogs, cats and humans. These may present as punctures, abrasions, tears, or avulsions. The force and relative bluntness of the teeth also increases the possibility of a crush injury with devitalized tissue .The clinical presentation and appropriate treatment of infected bite wounds vary according to the animal and causative organisms. These wounds have always been considered complex injuries contaminated with a unique polymicrobial inoculum.This article reviews animal bite wound incidence, bacteriology, risk factors for complications, evaluation components, recommended treatment and prevention based on advanced PUBMED search of the English language literature from the years 1970 to present.As the bite wounds are frequently located on the face, an oral and maxillofacial surgeon needs to be familiar with the treatment of animal bites, pitfalls in management and to educate patients on ways to avoid future bite injuries. The management of animal bites is an evidence poor area and most recommendations are based on small case series, microbiological data and expert opinion. The main controversies include whether wounds should or should not undergo primary closure and the use of prophylactic antimicrobials.


PubMed | DAV Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of maxillofacial and oral surgery | Year: 2012

Lateral neck soft tissue masses manifests with variable etiologies, clinical signs and symptoms. Although these lesions are congenital in nature, manifestations of these may not occur until adulthood. Also some of these lesions may undergo malignant transformations.We present two cases with lateral neck swellings which were excised successfully under general anaesthesia and later confirmed histopathologically as dermoid and branchial cleft cysts.Formulation of an appropriate diagnosis is necessary and requires a clinician to bear a host of skills to systematically arrive at a correct treatment plan. Use of advanced imaging techniques such as ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging along with proper knowledge of anatomy, pathology and application of basic surgical principles goes a long way in successful and uneventful management of such lesions, as these may overlap many important neurovascular structures or may in turn be wrapped by them.

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