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Nigam R.,Biological and Planetary science and Applications Group | Vyas S.S.,Biological and Planetary science and Applications Group | Bhattacharya B.K.,Biological and Planetary science and Applications Group | Oza M.P.,Atmospheric and Oceanic science Group | And 4 more authors.
GIScience and Remote Sensing | Year: 2015

In-season agricultural area tracking at regular interval from geostationary satellite.Modelling of temporal profile of vegetation index spread across two consecutive agriculture seasons to track crop area. The crop area estimates and their frequent updates in an agricultural growing season are essential to formulate policies of country’s food security. A new methodology has been developed with high temporal vegetation index data at 1000 m spatial resolution from Indian geostationary satellite (INSAT 3A) to track progress of country-scale rabi (post-rainy) crop area in six agriculturally dominant states of India. The 10-day (dekad) maximum normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) composite products at 0700 GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) were generated and used in the study. A cubic function was fitted to NDVI temporal profile on the training data-sets of 2009–2010. Model parameters were standardized over 40 agroclimatic subzones, which were used to estimate rabi crop area at 10-day interval in the next two seasons. Uncertainties in the model, in terms of days, were found to be less than (3–8 days) compositing period. The INSAT-based estimates showed –18.1% to 14.6% deviations from reported rabi crop area. Subpixel heterogeneity was found to be the major cause for the delay in crop area tracking in study region. The interseasonal variability in the estimate was consistent with the reported statistics with a correlation coefficient of 0.89. A comparative study showed that INSAT estimated rabi area had 16.36% deviation from high spatial resolution AWiFS (Advanced Wide-Field Sensor)-estimated area at 2 km × 2 km grid over ground observation points. It is recommended that high temporal NDVI product with finer spatial resolution satellite would, by offsetting the impact of subpixel heterogeneity, enable improved country-scale crop area monitoring. © 2015 Taylor & Francis

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