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Maron B.J.,Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation | Haas T.S.,Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation | Maron M.S.,Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Center | Lesser J.R.,Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation | And 6 more authors.
American Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2014

In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC), atrial fibrillation (AF) is an important determinant of clinical deterioration due to heart failure or embolic stroke. This study characterizes left atrial (LA) structural and functional parameters to establish markers predictive of AF risk, using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. We studied 427 consecutive patients with HC in sinus rhythm with CMR (age 44 ± 18 years), including 41 who developed clinically overt AF after study entry (2.6 ± 2.1 years), 49 patients with AF before CMR, 337 patients with HC but without AF, and 244 normal controls. LA chamber was assessed for absolute and indexed end-diastolic volume (LAEDV), end-systolic volume, and percent ejection fraction (LAEF). In the 41 prospectively studied patients with HC who developed AF during follow-up, LAEDV was significantly greater than in patients without AF (146 ± 48 vs 107 ± 37 ml) or in normal controls (81 ± 24 ml, p <0.001). Percent LAEF was lower in patients developing AF (36 ± 10%) than without AF (46 ± 12%) or controls (55 ± 9%, p <0.001). Multivariate analysis identified LAEF (<38%), LAEDV (<118 ml), and age (<40 years) as independently associated with AF occurrence. In conclusion, CMR measures of LA remodeling and dysfunction reliably identified patients with HC at risk for future development of AF. Decrease in LAEF represents a strong novel marker of susceptibility to AF in this disease.

Sanoff H.K.,University of Virginia | Carpenter W.R.,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill | Martin C.F.,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill | Sargent D.J.,Mayo Medical School | And 10 more authors.
Journal of the National Cancer Institute | Year: 2012

Background The addition of oxaliplatin to adjuvant 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) improves survival of patients with stage III colon cancer in randomized clinical trials (RCTs). However, RCT participants are younger, healthier, and less racially diverse than the general cancer population. Thus, the benefit of oxaliplatin outside RCTs is uncertain. Subjects and Methods Patients younger than 75 years with stage III colon cancer who received chemotherapy within 120 days of surgical resection were identified from five observational data sources-the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry linked to Medicare claims (SEER-Medicare), the New York State Cancer Registry (NYSCR) linked to Medicaid and Medicare claims, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Outcomes Database, and the Cancer Care Outcomes Research & Surveillance Consortium (CanCORS). Overall survival (OS) was compared among patients treated with oxaliplatin vs non-oxaliplatin-containing adjuvant chemotherapy. Overall survival for 4060 patients diagnosed during 2004-2009 was compared with pooled data from five RCTs (the Adjuvant Colon Cancer ENdpoinTs [ACCENT] group, n = 8292). Datasets were juxtaposed but not combined using Kaplan-Meier curves. Covariate and propensity score adjusted proportional hazards models were used to calculate adjusted survival hazard ratios (HR). Stratified analyses examined effect modifiers. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results The survival advantage associated with the addition of oxaliplatin to adjuvant 5-FU was evident across diverse practice settings (3-year OS: RCTs, 86% [n = 1273]; SEER-Medicare, 80% [n = 1152]; CanCORS, 88% [n = 129]; NYSCR-Medicaid, 82% [n = 54]; NYSCR-Medicare, 79% [n = 180]; and NCCN, 86% [n = 438]). A statistically significant improvement in 3-year overall survival was seen in the largest cohort, SEER-Medicare, and in the NYSCR-Medicare cohort (non-oxaliplatin-containing vs oxaliplatin-containing adjuvant therapy, adjusted HR of death: pooled RCTs: HR = 0.80, 95% CI = 0.70 to 0.92, P =. 002; SEER-Medicare: HR = 0.70, 95% CI = 0.60 to 0.82, P <. 001; NYSCR-Medicare patients aged ≥65 years: HR = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.38 to 0.90, P =.02). The association between oxaliplatin treatment and better survival was maintained in older and minority group patients, as well as those with higher comorbidity. Conclusion The addition of oxaliplatin to 5-FU appears to be associated with better survival among patients receiving adjuvant colon cancer treatment in the community. © 2012 The Author. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

Smith L.A.,Boston University | Colson E.R.,Yale University | Rybin D.,Data Coordinating Center | Margolis A.,Yale University | And 3 more authors.
Academic Pediatrics | Year: 2010

Objective: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) strongly recommends the supine-only sleep position for infants and issued 2 more sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) reduction recommendations: avoid bed sharing and use pacifiers during sleep. In this study, we investigated the following: 1) if mothers from at risk populations rate physicians as qualified to give advice about sleep practices and 2) if these ratings were associated with reports of recommended practice. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of mothers (N=2355) of infants aged <8 months was conducted at Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program centers in 6 cities from 2006 to 2008. The predictor measures were maternal rating of physician qualification to give advice about 3 recommended sleep practices and reported nature of physician advice. The dependent measures were maternal report of usage of recommended behavior: 1) "infant usually placed supine for sleep," 2) "infant usually does not share a bed with an adult during sleep," and 3) "infant usually uses a pacifier during sleep." Results: Physician qualification ratings varied by topic: sleep position (80%), bed sharing (69%), and pacifier use (60%). High ratings of physician qualification were associated with maternal reports of recommended behavior: supine sleep (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 2.1, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.6-2.6); usually no bed sharing (AOR 1.5, 95% CI, 1.2-1.9), and usually use a pacifier during sleep (AOR 1.2, 95% CI, 1.0-1.5). Conclusions: High maternal ratings of physician qualification to give advice on 2 of the 3 recommended sleep practices targeted to reduce the risk of SIDS were significantly associated with maternal report of using these behaviors. Lower ratings of physician qualification to give advice about these sleep practices may undermine physician effectiveness in promoting the recommended behavior. © 2010 by Academic Pediatric Association.

Saab G.,University of Washington | Saab G.,University of Missouri | Whaley-Connell A.,University of Missouri | McFarlane S.I.,SUNY Downstate Brooklyn | And 5 more authors.
Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental | Year: 2010

The objective of the study was to examine the relationship of obesity and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels among persons with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This was a cross-sectional analysis of 4551 participants in the National Kidney Foundation-Kidney Early Evaluation Program found to have CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/[min 1.73 m2]) examining the relationship of body mass index (BMI) and PTH levels. In unadjusted analysis, PTH levels increased with increasing BMI quartiles. After adjustment for age, race, sex, diabetes, calcium, phosphorus, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and presence of microalbuminuria, PTH levels were 7.3% (P = .008), 11.9% (P < .0001), and 18.1% (P < .0001) higher in the second, third, and fourth BMI quartiles, respectively, as compared with the first quartile. In a companion analysis, higher BMI was associated with increased odds of having an elevated PTH measurement (>70 pg/mL). Compared with the first quartile, odds ratios for elevated PTH were 1.26 (95% confidence interval, 1.06-1.50; P = .01), 1.38 (1.15-1.65, P = .0005), and 1.66 (1.37-2.00, P < .0001) for the second, third, and fourth quartiles, respectively. We found no effect modification by race, diabetes, or presence of microalbuminuria. Therefore, in a large community-dwelling population with CKD, the presence of obesity and of increasing BMI is associated with higher PTH levels independent of measured confounders and may be an additional target in the management of secondary hyperparathyroidism in CKD. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Vanderplas A.,Biostatistics Center | Friedberg J.W.,University of Rochester | Abel G.A.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Niland J.,Data Coordinating Center | And 8 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2013

We describe the patterns of use of 18-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for the initial staging of patients with newly diagnosed grade 1-2 follicular lymphoma (FL) and its potential impact on treatment. Data were obtained from the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Outcomes database. Patients who presented between 1 January 2001 and 30 September 2009 with newly diagnosed grade 1-2 FL, with at least 6 months of follow-up, were included. We identified 953 eligible patients and 532 (56%) underwent FDG-PET as part of initial staging. Among patients who underwent FDG-PET for initial staging, 438 (82%) received early treatment compared to 259 (61.5%) of those staged without FDG-PET (p < 0.0001). Of all patients with stage I FL (n = 100), 47% were treated with radiotherapy (RT) alone, and the choice of initial treatment strategy for stage I FL did not vary significantly by use of FDG-PET (p = 0.22). The use of FDG-PET for staging of FL is widespread and is associated with a greater proportion of patients receiving early therapy. Given the widespread use and high cost of FDG-PET, its clinical utility in stage I FL should be further evaluated. © 2013 Informa UK, Ltd.

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