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Singla S.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science | Prabhakar V.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science | Singla R.K.,Government of Punjab
Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice | Year: 2011

Background: Trigeminal neuralgia typically involves nerves supplying teeth, jaws and face of older females. Though the etiology is usually obscure, different treatment modalities have been tried for it viz. medicinal treatment, injection alcohol, peripheral neurectomy, rhizotomy, and microvascular decompression etc. Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) is an emerging and promising option for management of such patients. Aims and Design: The present study was designed with an aim to study the efficacy of TENS in management of trigeminal neuralgia. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 30 patients of trigeminal neuralgia confirmed by diagnostic nerve block. They were given bursts of TENS for 20-40 days over the path of the affected nerve and subsequently evaluated at 1 month and 3 month intervals by visual analogue scale (VAS), verbal pain scale (VPS), a functional outcome scales for main daily activities like sleep, chewing, talking, or washing face. Results: The results showed that, on VAS, the score decreased from 8.9 (Pre TENS) to 3.1 at 1 month and 1.3 at 3 months, and on VPS, the score decreased from 3.5 (Pre TENS) to 1.2 at 1 month and 0.3 at 3 months. Similarly, a considerable decrease in scores was seen on functional outcome scale for different activities. No side effects like irritation or redness of skin were seen in any of the patients. Conclusions: Thus, TENS was found to be a safe, easily acceptable, and non-invasive outdoor patient department procedure for management of trigeminal neuralgia.


Gupta R.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science | Singla R.K.,Government of Punjab
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2011

During the routine undergraduate dissection of the thyroid gland of a 50 year old male cadaver, multiple anomalies in the morphology and the blood supply of the thyroid gland were encountered. These were in the form of the absence of the thyroid isthmus, the presence of the pyramidal lobe and levator glandulae thyroidae on the right side and the bilateral absence of the superior thyroid artery, the gland being supplied solely by the inferior thyroid arteries which came out as the branches of the thyrocervical trunk. Agenesis of the isthmus can be associated with other types of dysorganogenesis, such as the absence of a lobe or the presence of ectopic thyroid tissue and hence, in clinical practice, when such a condition is diagnosed, it is necessary to perform a differential diagnosis against other pathologies such as autonomous thyroid nodule, thyroiditis, etc. The knowledge of various developmental anomalies of the gland and the variations in the neurovascular relations helps the surgeon in the better planning of a safe and effective surgery.


Prabhakar V.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science | Sandhu S.V.,Genesis Research Institute
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology Extra | Year: 2011

Dentigerous cysts are benign odontogenic cysts that arise from the dental follicle of an unerupted or developing tooth. They are the second most common odontogenic cysts after radicular cysts. Multiple dentigerous cysts have been reported on occasion in association with syndromes such as cleidocranial dysplasia, mucopolysaccharidosis and basal cell nevus syndrome. We report the clinical and radiologic findings of bilateral maxillary dentigerous cysts in a nonsyndromic 10-year-old boy, a condition that, to our knowledge has only been reported twice. The importance of early diagnosis and management is highlighted. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


Mahajan A.,Mahatma Gandhi Vidya Mandirs Karmaveer Bhausaheb Hiray Dental College and Hospitall | Ganvir S.M.,Government Dental College and Hospital | Hazarey V.K.,Government Dental College and Hospital | Mahajan M.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Year: 2013

We report a case of recurrent chondrosarcoma of the maxilla in a 29 yr old male patient. The lesion presented as a small diffuse swelling on the left maxillary anterior region which had progressed over a period of one year. On aspiration, a chondromyxoid matrix was noted with cells arranged singly or in groups. Bi and tri-nucleation was noted with a moderate degree of nuclear pleomorphism. A diagnosis of well differentiated chondrosarcoma was made which was confirmed on histopathology. The clinicopathological findings of this case and a review of chondrosarcoma is presented and discussed.


Kumar S.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental Science | Prabhakar V.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental Science | Rao K.,SGRD Institute of medical science and research | Brar R.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental Science
Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery | Year: 2011

Standard treatment of mandibular angle fracture with miniplates according to recommendations of Champy et al. (1976) consists of fixation with one miniplate at superior border of mandible ventral to external oblique line. In certain constellations, second miniplate at lower border may provide additional stability. In this retrospective study 80 patients with mandibular angle fracture were divided into 3 sub-groups reported at DIRDS Faridkot were treated by intraoral, extraoral and combined intraoral and transbuccal approach. There was no significant difference in complication rates encountered with these techniques. Decision regarding treatment approaches for open reduction of mandible fracture often relates to surgeon's experience and training. In some cases, choice is affected by availability of equipment. More difficult cases involving endentulous atrophic mandible or comminution should be considered for extraoral approach. Intraoral open reduction and fixation was used for non-comminuted and non-complicated fractures. The combined transbuccal/Intraoral procedure is now preferred method because of ease of use and facilitation of placement of plate in neutral mid point area of mandible. © 2011 Association of Otolaryngologists of India.


Kumar P.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science | Bhatt R.P.,Central University of Costa Rica | Singh L.,Doon Paramedical College
Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science | Year: 2011

The Sapium sebiferum leaf extracts were determined for their antimicrobial activities against Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcus luteus ,Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi, Klabsiella oxytoca, Listeria monocytogenes, E.coli, Saccharomyeces cereviceae and Candida albicans. The antimicrobial activities of these strains were compared with standard antibiotics (amoxicillin). Results obtained showed that all the extracts except aqueous (hot and cold) were effective against all the microbial strains. The methanolic extract of Sapium sebiferum leaves was most effective against all the bacterial strains and thus displayed highest zone of 21.0 mm at concentration of 100 mg/ml against Listeria monocytogenes ( MIC value is 25 mg/ml). Salmonella typhi and Klabsiella oxytoca did not show any activity. The anticandidal activity of methanolic, ethanolic and petroleum extracts showed maximum inhibition zone of 24.0 mm (MIC value is 25mg/ml).


Singh H.P.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science
Indian pediatrics | Year: 2015

Knowledge and attitude of 2509 Indian health researchers towards open access publishing and authors paying to publish model was evaluated. 55.6% researchers had knowledge about open access and 76% about Author pay model. 72% of Researchers were not interested to pay publication charges. Lack of research grants were the primary reason for inability to pay publication charges.


Prabhakar V.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science | Singla S.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2011

Dislocation of the temporomandibular joint occurs when the mandibular condyle is displaced anteriorly beyond the articular eminence and represents 3% of all dislocated joints reported in the body. Superolateral dislocation of the condyle into the temporal fossa is well documented in the literature, but anterosuperior dislocation without an associated fracture is rarely described. This report documents the case of a middle-aged woman with bilateral anterosuperior dislocation of the intact mandibular condyle after a fall on the face. This report reviews the literature on dislocations, suggests a nomenclature, possible causative mechanism and documents the importance of early management. © 2010 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.


Duggal R.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science | Bansal S.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2010

The purpose of this study was to investigate the expectations of children and their parents towards orthodontic treatment. A total of 200 subjects (100 patients and 100 parents) who were attending for their first visit, completed the questionnaire in the Department of Orthodontics at the Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental Sciences, Faridkot. The children were aged between 10 to 15 years. The response of the children and one of the parents was examined by using parametric statistical methods. The patients and their parents had different expectations, as shown by the statistical analysis. Hence, effective communication between the orthodontist and the patients and their parents is considered to be essential.


Singh H.P.,Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental science | Guram N.,Swami Devi Dyal Hospital and Dental College
North American Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2014

Background: Plagiarism is stealing of some others work or idea without proper citation. It is one of the biggest challenges faced by the scholarly world and by far a grim form of delinquency in academics. Aim: The study was designed to explore the knowledge and attitudes of dental professionals toward plagiarism. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire having 14 questions was sent either via e-mails or by sending printed copies to 5000 dental professionals, while maintaining anonymity of all the participants. Result: Most of the dental professionals know about plagiarism, and they believe that plagiarism cannot be avoided successfully. Pressure to publish was a major reason along with several others, which accounts for more and more indulgence in plagiarism. At the same time lack of facilities in private institutions and lack of funding for research work were the major factors as well, which hinder in creating research environment and hence promotes plagiarism and false studies to publish it. Conclusion: Plagiarism is present in dental professionals and that significant reduction can only be brought by awareness, objective check methods and stringent punishment. Plagiarism and other forms of academic misconduct must be recognized and must not be tolerated.

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