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Okemoto K.,Dardinger Center for Neuro oncology and Neurosciences | Kasai K.,Brigham and Womens Hospital | Wagner B.,Dardinger Center for Neuro oncology and Neurosciences | Haseley A.,Dardinger Center for Neuro oncology and Neurosciences | And 9 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2013

Purpose: Oncolytic viruses (OV) based on herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV1) are being used in clinical trials for a variety of cancers. The OV, rQNestin34.5, uses a nestin promoter/enhancer to selectively drive robust viral replication in malignant glioma cells. We have discovered that this promoter becomes extensively methylated in infected glioma cells, reducing OV efficacy. Experimental Design:Weused demethylating drugs [5-azacytidine (5-Aza)], decitabine, or valproic acid (VPA) in both in vitro and in vivo malignant glioma models to determine if they improved the efficacy of rQNestin34.5 therapy. Results: The use of demethylating agents, such as 5-Aza, improved OV replication and tumor cell lysis in vitro and, in fact, synergized pharmacologically on Chou-Talalay analysis. In vivo, the combination of the demethylating agents, 5-Aza or decitabine, with rQNestin34.5 significantly prolonged the survivorship of athymic mice harboring intracranial human glioma xenografts over single agent alone. Conclusion: These results, thus, provide further justification for the exploration of demethylating agents when combined with the OV, rQNestin34.5, in preclinical therapeutics and, possibly, clinical trials for malignant glioma. © 2013 American Association for Cancer Research. Source

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