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Daping, China

Guo F.,Nanjing Southeast University | Yang Y.,Nanjing Southeast University | Kang Y.,University of Sichuan | Zang B.,Shenyang University | And 20 more authors.
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy | Year: 2013

Objectives: To describe the epidemiology, microbiology and management of invasive Candida infection (ICI) in intensive care units (ICUs) in China. Methods: A multicentre, prospective, observational study in 67 hospital ICUs across China. Patients were ≥18 years old with clinical signs of infection and at least one of the following diagnostic criteria: (i) histopathological, cytopathological or microscopic confirmation of yeast cells from a normally sterile site; (ii) at least one peripheral blood culture positive for Candida; and (iii) positive Candida culture from a normally sterile site. The China-SCAN study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT T01253954). Results: ICI incidence was 0.32% (306 patients/96060 ICU admissions) and median time between ICU admission and diagnosis was 10.0 days. Candida albicans was the most prevalent single isolate (41.8% of patients), although non-albicans species accounted for the majority of infections. Diagnostic confirmation was based solely on at least one positive blood culture in 290 (94.8%) cases. Treatment was initiated after diagnostic confirmation in 166/268 (61.9%) patients. Triazoles (62.7%) and echinocandins (34.2%) were the most commonly used antifungal agents; first-line therapy was typically fluconazole (37.7%). The median duration of antifungal therapy was 14 days. The mortality rate was 36.6% (112/306); the median time between diagnosis and death was 14.5 days. Mortality was higher in older individuals, those with solid tumours, those with recent invasive mechanical ventilation and those with a higher sequential organ failure assessment score at diagnostic confirmation. Susceptibility to first-line antifungals was associated with lower mortality than dose-dependent susceptibility or complete resistance (P1/40.008). Conclusions: More infections were caused by non-albicans than Candida albicans strains. The majority of patients were treated only after diagnostic confirmation, rather than empirically. First-line antifungal susceptibility was associated with lower mortality. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved. Source

Hao L.,No. 324 Hospital of PLA | Sun H.,Chongqing Medical University | Wang J.,Daping Hospital | Wang T.,Chongqing Medical University | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Hematology | Year: 2012

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have attracted the attention of scientists and clinicians due to their self-renewal, capacity for multipotent differentiation, and immunomodulatory properties. Some essential problems remain to be solved before the clinical application of MSC. Platelet lysate (PL) has recently been used as a substitute for FBS in MSC amplification in vitro to achieve clinically applicable numbers of MSC. In addition to promising trials in regenerative medicine, such as in the treatment of major bone defects and myocardial infarction, MSC have shown therapeutic effect other than direct hematopoiesis support in hematopoietic reconstruction. It has been confirmed that MSC promote hematopoietic cell engraftment and immune recovery after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, probably through the provision of cytokines, matrix proteins, and cell-to-cell contacts. Their suppressive effects on immune cells, including T cells, B cells, NK cells and DC cells, suggest MSCs as a novel therapy for GVHD and other autoimmune disorders. These cells thus present as promising candidates for cellular therapy in the fields of regenerative medicine, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and autoimmune disorders. © 2011 The Japanese Society of Hematology. Source

Chen T.,Southwest Hospital | Yi L.,Daping Hospital | Li F.,Southwest Hospital | Hu R.,Southwest Hospital | And 9 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2015

Glioma-initiating cells are a small population of cells that have the ability to undergo self-renewal and initiate tumorigenesis. In the present study, the potential role of salinomycin, a polyether antibiotic, on the suppression of glioma cell growth was investigated. GL261 glioma cells were maintained in a stem-cell-like status [GL261 neurospheres (GL261-NS)] or induced for differentiation [GL261 adherent cells (GL261-AC)]. It was demonstrated that salinomycin significantly reduced the cell viability of GL261-NS and GL261-AC cells in a dose-dependent manner, with a more substantial inhibition of GL261-NS proliferation (P<0.05). The inhibitory effect of salinomycin on cell growth was more effective than that of 1-(4-amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidl)-m ethyl-3-(2-chloroethyl)-3-nitrosourea hydrochloride and vincristine (P<0.05). Salinomycin depleted GL261-NS from tumorspheres and induced cell apoptosis. In addition, salinomycin prolonged the median survival time of glioma-bearing mice (P<0.05). Therefore, the present study indicated that salinomycin may preferentially inhibit glioma-initiated cell growth by inducing apoptosis, suggesting that salinomycin may provide a valuable therapeutic strategy for the treatment of malignant glioma. Source

Huang M.,General Hospital of Fuzhou Military Area Command | Zhu Z.,Daping Hospital
European journal of clinical nutrition | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is a plasma enzyme that is capable of inhibiting the progression of atherosclerosis, and is associated with susceptibility of coronary artery disease (CAD). PON protein expression is present in human aortic tissue and it plays an important role in the progression of atherosclerosis. This study aimed to investigate PON1 immunohistochemistry in human coronary arteries, determine its polymorphisms and plasma status, and analyze its association with the risk of CAD.SUBJECTS/METHODS: PON1 expression in human coronary artery tissues was detected by immunohistochemical staining. PON1 polymorphisms were determined by polymerase chain reaction direct sequencing in 2456 unrelated Chinese Han individuals. Serum PON1 levels were indirectly reflected by PON1 activity towards paraoxon and phenylacetate by spectrophotometry, and by its concentrations using a human enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.RESULTS: Immunohistochemical analysis showed that PON1 expression was lower in atherosclerotic arteries than in normal arteries. PON1 Q192R (rs662) had a significant effect on the risk of CAD (P=0.001). In a logistic regression model, after adjusting for conventional risk factors of CAD, 192R allele carriers had a significantly higher risk of CAD than other allele carriers. Serum PON1 activity and concentrations were significantly reduced in CAD patients compared with controls (P<0.05), and highly associated with the R allele.CONCLUSIONS: Low PON1 expression in human atherosclerotic coronary arteries is associated with CAD. Moreover, PON1 Q192R polymorphism is significantly associated with susceptibility of CAD in the Chinese Han population, and the 192R allele might be an independent predictor for CAD. Source

Wang Y.,Daping Hospital | Li M.,Chongqing Medical University | Ullah S.,Flinders University
Geriatrics and Gerontology International | Year: 2015

Aim: The present study aimed to establish a nurse-led cognitive screening model for community-dwelling older adults with subjective memory complaints from seven communities in Chongqing, China, and report the findings of this model. Methods: Screenings took place from July 2012 to June 2013. Cognitive screening was incorporated into the annual health assessment for older adults with subjective memory complaints in a primary care setting. Two community nurses were trained to implement the screening using the Mini-Mental State Examination and Montreal Cognitive Assessment. Results: Of 733 older adults, 495 (67.5%) reported having subjective memory complaints. Of the 249 individuals who participated in the cognitive screening, 102 (41%) had mild cognitive impairment, whereas 32 (12.9%) had cognitive impairment. A total of 80 participants (78.4%) with mild cognitive impairment agreed to participate in a memory support program. Participants with cognitive impairment were referred to specialists for further examination and diagnosis; only one reported that he had seen a specialist and had been diagnosed with dementia. Conclusions: Incorporating cognitive screening into the annual health assessment for older adults with subjective memory complaints was feasible, though referral rates from primary care providers remained unchanged. The present study highlights the urgent need for simple screenings as well as community-based support services in primary care for older adults with cognitive or mild cognitive impairments. © 2014 Japan Geriatrics Society. Source

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