PubMed | The Danyang Peoples Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Digestive diseases and sciences | Year: 2014
Recently, several miRNAs have been determined as tumor suppressors in various cancers, such as microRNA-449a. However, the exact molecular mechanisms underlying miR-449a regulated cell proliferation and chemosensitivity in gastric cancer cells have not been well documented.The present study was designed to test whether miR-449a mediates cell proliferation and chemosensitivity in gastric cancer cells via regulating cyclin D1 and BCL2.In vitro, the ability of cell proliferation and cell viability were measured by MTT assay; cell cycle and cell apoptosis was detected by FCM. qRT-PCR was used to measure the expression of miR-449a. Western blot and real-time PCR assays were used to detect the expression of cyclin D1 and BCL2 in gastric cancer cell line SGC7901.miR-449a expression was downregulated in gastric cancer cell line SGC7901 and human gastric cancer tissues, compared to the gastric epithelial cell line GES-1 and matched non-tumor associated tissues. Upregulation of miR-449a reduced the proliferation of SGC7901 cells. Ectopic expression of miR-449a decreased the percentage of S phase cells, increased the percentage of G1/G0 phase cells and increased the apoptosis induced by cisplatin. Moreover, miR-449a inhibited SGC7901 cells proliferation and enhanced cisplatin chemosensitivity by downregulating expression of BCL2 and cyclin D1, respectively, via directly targeting the 3-untranslated regions of BCL2 and cyclin D1 mRNA.This is the first report to provide evidence that miR-449a could modulate cell cycle and apoptosis through regulating cyclin D1 and BCL2 expression in SGC7901 cells.