Copenhagen, Denmark

Danish National Space Center
Copenhagen, Denmark

DTU Space ) is a Danish sector research Institute and a part of the Technical University of Denmark. It has a staff of 169, including researchers, engineers, and technicians.The Center conducts research in astrophysics, Solar System physics, geodesy, and space technology. To conduct the research, the Center collaborates with the Niels Bohr Institute for Astronomy, Geophysics and Physics.It came about as a result of combining the Danish Space Research Institute with the geodesy part of the National Survey and Cadastre of Denmark on January 1, 2005 to form the Danish National Space Center . In 2007 DNSC merged with the Technical University of Denmark, and in 2008 changed name to DTU Space.The centre currently leads Swarm, a project to investigate the properties of the earth's magnetic field. Wikipedia.

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Sorensen L.S.,Technical University of Denmark | Forsberg R.,Danish National Space Center
International Association of Geodesy Symposia | Year: 2010

The Greenland ice sheet is currently experiencing a net mass loss. There are however large discrepancies between the published qualitative mass loss estimates, based on different data sets and methods. There are even large differences between the results based on the same data sources, as is the case with those estimated from GRACE data. In this chapter we have used a generalized inversion method to estimate the Greenland ice sheet mass change from the monthly global gravity solutions, provided by three different GRACE processing centers; CSR, JPL and GFZ. In order to derive mass change from these monthly global gravity models, we first calculate the gravity trend from these. When isolating the gravity trend signal, which is caused by the ice mass change, we first subtract the signal produced by the postglacial rebound (PGR) in Greenland. This is done by a simple method based on the ice history model ICE-5G and on ground measurements made in Scandinavia. We find that the PGR signal corresponds to a mass change signal of approximately -4 Gt per year. We conclude that there are large differences between these estimated mass change models. We find a total mass loss of 189, 146 and 67 Gt/year based on the CSR, GFZ and JPL solution respectively. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010.

Kohn C.,Danish National Space Center | Diniz G.,University of Brasilia | Harakeh M.N.,University of Groningen
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres | Year: 2017

It has been discussed that lightning flashes emit high-energy electrons, positrons, photons, and neutrons with single energies of several tens of MeV. In the first part of this paper we study the absorption of neutron beams in the atmosphere. We initiate neutron beams of initial energies of 350 keV, 10 MeV, and 20 MeV at source altitudes of 4 km and 16 km upward and downward and see that in all these cases neutrons reach ground altitudes and that the cross-section areas extend to several km2. We estimate that for terrestrial gamma-ray flashes approximately between 10 and 2000 neutrons per ms and m2 are possibly detectable at ground, at 6 km, or at 500 km altitude. In the second part of the paper we discuss a feedback model involving the generation and motion of electrons, positrons, neutrons, protons, and photons close to the vicinity of lightning leaders. In contrast to other feedback models, we do not consider large-scale thundercloud fields but enhanced fields of lightning leaders. We launch different photon and electron beams upward at 4 km altitude. We present the spatial and energy distribution of leptons, hadrons, and photons after different times and see that leptons, hadrons, and photons with energies of at least 40 MeV are produced. Because of their high rest mass hadrons are measurable on a longer time scale than leptons and photons. The feedback mechanism together with the field enhancement by lightning leaders yields particle energies even above 40 MeV measurable at satellite altitudes. ©2017. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

Cheng Y.,Danish National Space Center | Cheng Y.,Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology | Andersen O.,Danish National Space Center | Knudsen P.,Danish National Space Center
Marine Geodesy | Year: 2015

For ocean and climate research, it is essential to get long-term altimetric sea level data that is as accurate as possible. However, the accuracy of the altimetric data is frequently degraded in the interior of the Arctic Ocean due to the presence of seasonal or permanent sea ice. We have reprocessed ERS-1/2/Envisat satellite altimetry to develop an improved 20-year sea level dataset for the Arctic Ocean. We have developed both an along-track dataset and three-day gridded sea level anomaly (SLA) maps from September 1992 to April 2012. A major improvement in data coverage was gained by tailoring the standard altimetric editing criteria to Arctic conditions. The new reprocessed data has significant increased data coverage with between 4 and 10 times the amount of data in regions such as the Beaufort Gyre region compared with AVISO and RADS datasets. This allows for a more accurate estimation of sea level changes from satellite altimetry in the Arctic Ocean. The reprocessed dataset exhibit a mean sea level trend of 2.1 ± 1.3 mm/year (without Glacial Isostatic Adjustment correction) covering the Arctic Ocean between 66°N and 82°N with significant higher spatial coherency in the ice-covered regions than the RADS and DUACS datasets. © 2015, Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Cheng Y.,Danish National Space Center | Li X.,National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | Xu Q.,Hohai University | Xu Q.,CAS Institute of Atmospheric Physics | And 3 more authors.
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2011

Oil spills are a major contributor to marine pollution. The objective of this work is to simulate the oil spill trajectory of oil released from a pipeline leaking in the Gulf of Mexico with the GNOME (General NOAA Operational Modeling Environment) model. The model was developed by NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) to investigate the effects of different pollutants and environmental conditions on trajectory results. Also, a Texture-Classifying Neural Network Algorithm (TCNNA) was used to delineate ocean oil slicks from synthetic aperture radar (SAR) observations. During the simulation, ocean currents from NCOM (Navy Coastal Ocean Model) outputs and surface wind data measured by an NDBC (National Data Buoy Center) buoy are used to drive the GNOME model. The results show good agreement between the simulated trajectory of the oil spill and synchronous observations from the European ENVISAT ASAR (Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar) and the Japanese ALOS (Advanced Land Observing Satellite) PALSAR (Phased Array L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar) images. Based on experience with past marine oil spills, about 63.0% of the oil will float and 18.5% of the oil will evaporate and disperse. In addition, the effects from uncertainty of ocean currents and the diffusion coefficient on the trajectory results are also studied. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Kwok R.,Jet Propulsion Laboratory | Pedersen L.T.,Danish Meteorological Institute | Gudmandsen P.,Danish National Space Center | Pang S.S.,Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Geophysical Research Letters | Year: 2010

Sea ice flux through the Nares Strait is most active during the fall and early winter, ceases in mid-to latewinter after the formation of ice arches along the strait, and re-commences after breakup in summer. In 2007, ice arches failed to form. This resulted in the highest outflow of Arctic sea ice in the 13-year record between 1997 and 2009. The 2007 area and volume outflows of 87 × 103 km2 and 254 km3 are more than twice their 13-year means. This contributes to the recent loss of the thick, multiyear Arctic sea ice and represents ∼10% of our estimates of the mean ice export at Fram Strait. Clearly, the ice arches control Arctic sea ice outflow. The duration of unobstructed flow explains more than 84% of the variance in the annual area flux. In our record, seasonal stoppages are always associated with the formation of an arch near the same location in the southern Kane Basin. Additionally, close to half the time another ice arch forms just north of Robeson Channel prior to the formation of the Kane Basin arch. Here, we examine the ice export with satellitederived thickness data and the timing of the formation of these ice arches. Copyright © 2010 by the American Geophysical Union.

Siingh D.,Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology | Siingh D.,Danish National Space Center | Singh R.P.,Veer Kunwar Singh University
Pramana - Journal of Physics | Year: 2010

In this paper, we have provided an overview of cosmic ray effects on terrestrial processes such as electrical properties, global electric circuit, lightning, cloud formation, cloud coverage, atmospheric temperature, space weather phenomena, climate, etc. It is suggested that cosmic rays control short-term and long-term variations in climate. There are many basic phenomena which need further study and require new and long-term data set. Some of these have been pointed out. © Indian Academy of Sciences.

Bingham R.J.,Northumbria University | Knudsen P.,Danish National Space Center | Andersen O.,Danish National Space Center | Pail R.,TU Munich
Geophysical Research Letters | Year: 2011

The GOCE satellite mission was launched in 2009 and the first gravity models were released in July 2010. Here we present an initial assessment of the GOCE data in terms of the mean circulation of the North Atlantic. We show that with just two months of data, the estimated circulation from GOCE is already superior to a similar estimate based on 8 years of GRACE observations. This result primarily depends on the fact that the GOCE mean dynamic topography (MDT) is generally less noisy than that obtained from the GRACE data. It therefore requires less smoothing and so there is less attenuation of the oceanographic signal. Our results provide a strong validation of the GOCE mission concept, and we anticipate further substantial improvements as the mission progresses. © 2011 by the American Geophysical Union.

Skou N.,Danish National Space Center | Balling J.E.,Danish National Space Center | Sobjoeerg S.S.,Danish National Space Center | Kristensen S.S.,Danish National Space Center
International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) | Year: 2010

Several soil moisture and sea salinity campaigns, including airborne L-band radiometer measurements, have been carried out in preparation for the ESA Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission. The radiometer used in this context is fully polarimetric and is capable of detecting Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) using the kurtosis method. Analyses have shown that the kurtosis method generally detects RFI in an efficient manner, even though it has its shortcomings. Hence, other detection methods have been investigated as well. In particular, inspection of the 3 rd and 4 th Stokes parameters shows promising results -possibly as a complement to the kurtosis method. The kurtosis method, however, cannot be used with SMOS data. Since SMOS is fully polarimetric, the 3rd and 4th Stokes parameter method is an option, and this has been used on a recent, fully polarimetric SMOS data set. Finally, a discussion of the variable incidence angle signature algorithm, and the possibility of using this as RFI indicator, is carried out. © 2010 IEEE.

Cheng Y.,Danish National Space Center | Cheng Y.,State Oceanic Administration | Andersen O.B.,Danish National Space Center
Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans | Year: 2011

A new global ocean tide model named DTU10 (developed at Technical University of Denmark) representing all major diurnal and semidiurnal tidal constituents is proposed based on an empirical correction to the global tide model FES2004 (Finite Element Solutions), with residual tides determined using the response method. The improvements are achieved by introducing 4 years of TOPEX-Jason 1 interleaved mission into existing 18 years (1993-2010) of primary joint TOPEX, Jason 1, and Jason 2 mission time series. Hereby the spatial distribution of observations are doubled and satellite altimetry should be able to recover twice the spatial variations of the tidal signal which is particularly important in shallow waters where the spatial scale of the tidal signal is scaled down. Outside the ±66° parallel combined Envisat, GEOSAT Follow-On, and ERS-2, data sets have been included to solve for the tides up to the ±82° parallel. A new approach to removing the annual sea level variations prior to estimating the residual tides significantly improved tidal determination of diurnal constituents from the Sun-synchronous satellites (e.g., ERS-2 and Envisat) in the polar seas. Extensive evaluations with six tide gauge sets show that the new tide model fits the tide gauge measurements favorably to other state of the art global ocean tide models in both the deep and shallow waters, especially in the Arctic Ocean and the Southern Ocean. One example is a comparison with 207 tide gauge data in the East Asian marginal seas where the root-mean-square agreement improved by 35.12%, 22.61%, 27.07%, and 22.65% (M2, S2, K1, and O1) for the DTU10 tide model compared with the FES2004 tide model. A similar comparison in the Arctic Ocean with 151 gauge data improved by 9.93%, 0.34%, 7.46%, and 9.52% for the M2, S2, K1, and O1 constituents, respectively. Copyright 2011 by the American Geophysical Union.

Cheng Y.,Danish National Space Center | Andersen O.B.,Danish National Space Center
International Journal of Remote Sensing | Year: 2013

Multi-mission altimeter measurements from TOPEX, Jason-1, and Jason-2 satellite altimetry over the 1993-2009 time span are used to characterize the local linear sea level trend (LSLT) around Taiwan. The results show that the long-term changes of default geophysical and range corrections, i.e. the inverted barometer correction, wet tropospheric correction, and sea state bias correction, have significant impacts on the determination of local LSLT. The trend of default corrections contribute more than 1.4 mm year-1 along the coastline of China mainland and 2.1 mm year-1 to local LSLT in the Taiwan Strait. The default-corrected altimetric data exhibit highest and lowest local LSLTs in the southeast and northwest of Taiwan, respectively. The regional LSLTs of 3.8 mm year-1 and 4.6 mm year-1 are estimated from the default-corrected and uncorrected altimetric data in the study area, respectively. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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