Dana–Farber Cancer Institute is a center for cancer treatment and research in Boston, Massachusetts. It is a major affiliate of Harvard Medical School, and a founding member of Dana–Farber/Harvard Cancer Center, a Comprehensive Cancer Center designated by the National Cancer Institute. Wikipedia.
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Scripps Research Institute | Date: 2017-04-05
The present invention provides novel heteroaryl compounds that are linked to an aryl group via an amine linker. Such compounds are useful for the treatment of cancers.
Abbvie Inc. and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Date: 2017-01-11
Composition suitable for treating multiple myeloma in subject, comprising a therapeutically effective amount of HuLuc63, a therapeutically effective amount of lenalidomide and/or bortezomib, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, wherein said composition is capable of being administered in a single or multiple dose regimen.
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Emory University | Date: 2017-02-22
The present invention is based, in part, on the identification of novel human anti-PD-1, PD-L1, and PD-L2 antibodies. Accordingly, the invention relates to compositions and methods for diagnosing, prognosing, and treating conditions that would benefit from modulating PD-1, PD-L1, and/or PD-L2 activity (e.g., persistent infectious diseases, autoimmune diseases, asthma, transplant rejection, inflammatory disorders and tumors) using the novel human anti-PD-1, PD-L1, and PD-L2 antibodies described herein.
Goldberg M.S.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Cell | Year: 2015
Although cancer immunotherapy can lead to durable outcomes, the percentage of patients who respond to this disruptive approach remains modest to date. Encouragingly, nanotechnology can enhance the efficacy of immunostimulatory small molecules and biologics by altering their co-localization, biodistribution, and release kinetics. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.
Ye L.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Cell | Year: 2012
PGC1α is a key transcriptional coregulator of oxidative metabolism and thermogenesis. Through a high-throughput chemical screen, we found that molecules antagonizing the TRPVs (transient receptor potential vanilloid), a family of ion channels, induced PGC1α expression in adipocytes. In particular, TRPV4 negatively regulated the expression of PGC1α, UCP1, and cellular respiration. Additionally, it potently controlled the expression of multiple proinflammatory genes involved in the development of insulin resistance. Mice with a null mutation for TRPV4 or wild-type mice treated with a TRPV4 antagonist showed elevated thermogenesis in adipose tissues and were protected from diet-induced obesity, adipose inflammation, and insulin resistance. This role of TRPV4 as a cell-autonomous mediator for both the thermogenic and proinflammatory programs in adipocytes could offer a target for treating obesity and related metabolic diseases. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Kimmelman A.C.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Genes and Development | Year: 2011
Macroautophagy (referred to hereafter as autophagy) is a highly regulated cellular process that serves to remove damaged proteins and organelles from the cell. Autophagy contributes to an array of normal and pathological processes, and has recently emerged as a key regulator of multiple aspects of cancer biology. The role of autophagy in cancer is complex and is likely dependent on tumor type, stage, and genetic context. This complexity is illustrated by the identification of settings where autophagy acts potently to either promote or inhibit tumorigenesis. In this review, I discuss the underlying basis for these opposing functions and propose a model suggesting a dynamic role for autophagy in malignancy. Collectively, the data point to autophagy as serving as a barrier to limit tumor initiation. Once neoplastic lesions are established, it appears that adaptive changes occur that now result in positive roles for autophagy in malignant progression and in subsequent tumor maintenance. Remarkably, constitutive activation of autophagy is critical for continued growth of some tumors, serving to both reduce oxidative stress and provide key intermediates to sustain cell metabolism. Autophagy is also induced in response to cancer therapies where it can function as a survival mechanism that limits drug efficacy. These findings have inspired significant interest in applying anti-autophagy therapies as an entirely new approach to cancer treatment. It is now apparent that aberrant control of autophagy is among the key hallmarks of cancer. While much needs to be learned about the regulation and context-dependent biological functions of autophagy, it seems clear that modulation of this process will be an attractive avenue for future cancer therapeutic approaches. © 2011 by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
Kaelin Jr. W.G.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Science | Year: 2012
Realizing the full potential of si/shRNA technology requires more sophisticated approaches to address the pitfalls.
Hemler M.E.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Nature Reviews Cancer | Year: 2014
An abundance of evidence shows supporting roles for tetraspanin proteins in human cancer. Many studies show that the expression of tetraspanins correlates with tumour stage, tumour type and patient outcome. In addition, perturbations of tetraspanins in tumour cell lines can considerably affect cell growth, morphology, invasion, tumour engraftment and metastasis. This Review emphasizes new studies that have used de novo mouse cancer models to show that select tetraspanin proteins have key roles in tumour initiation, promotion and metastasis. This Review also emphasizes how tetraspanin proteins can sometimes participate in tumour angiogenesis. These recent data build an increasingly strong case for tetraspanins as therapeutic targets.
Richardson P.G.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Blood | Year: 2013
This phase 1 dose-escalation study determined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of oral pomalidomide (4 dose levels) administered on days 1 to 21 of each 28-day cycle in patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). After four cycles, patients who progressed or had not achieved minimal response (serum and urine M-protein reduction of ≥ 25% and ≥ 50%) could receive dexamethasone 40 mg per week. Safety and efficacy were evaluated. Thirty-eight patients who had received both bortezomib and lenalidomide (median 6 prior therapies) were enrolled; 63% were refractory to both lenalidomide and bortezomib. There were four dose-limiting toxicities (grade 4 neutropenia) at 5 mg per day and so the MTD was 4 mg per day. Rates of peripheral neuropathy and venous thromboembolism were low (≤ 5%). Among the 38 patients enrolled (including 22 with added dexamethasone), 42% achieved minimal response or better, 21% achieved partial response or better, and 3% achieved complete response. Median duration of response, progression-free survival, and overall survival were 4.6, 4.6, and 18.3 months, respectively. Pomalidomide 4 mg per day on days 1 to 21 of each 28-day cycle, with or without dexamethasone (40 mg/week), has encouraging activity with manageable toxicity in RRMM, including those refractory to both lenalidomide and bortezomib. This study is registered at http://www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00833833.
MYD88 L265P in Waldenström macroglobulinemia, immunoglobulin M monoclonal gammopathy, and other B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders using conventional and quantitative allele-specific polymerase chain reaction.
Xu L.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Blood | Year: 2013
By whole-genome and/or Sanger sequencing, we recently identified a somatic mutation (MYD88 L265P) that stimulates nuclear factor κB activity and is present in >90% of Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) patients. MYD88 L265P was absent in 90% of immunoglobulin M (IgM) monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) patients. We therefore developed conventional and real-time allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) assays for more sensitive detection and quantification of MYD88 L265P. Using either assay, MYD88 L265P was detected in 97 of 104 (93%) WM and 13 of 24 (54%) IgM MGUS patients and was either absent or rarely expressed in samples from splenic marginal zone lymphoma (2/20; 10%), CLL (1/26; 4%), multiple myeloma (including IgM cases, 0/14), and immunoglobulin G MGUS (0/9) patients as well as healthy donors (0/40; P < 1.5 × 10(-5) for WM vs other cohorts). Real-time AS-PCR identified IgM MGUS patients progressing to WM and showed a high rate of concordance between MYD88 L265P ΔCT and BM disease involvement (r = 0.89, P = .008) in WM patients undergoing treatment. These studies identify MYD88 L265P as a widely present mutation in WM and IgM MGUS patients using highly sensitive and specific AS-PCR assays with potential use in diagnostic discrimination and/or response assessment. The finding of this mutation in many IgM MGUS patients suggests that MYD88 L265P may be an early oncogenic event in WM pathogenesis.