Damascus, Syria
Damascus, Syria

The University of Damascus is the largest and oldest university in Syria, located in the capital Damascus and has campuses in other Syrian cities. It was founded in 1923 through the merger of the School of Medicine and the Institute of Law . Until 1958 it was named the Syrian University, but the name changed after the founding of the University of Aleppo. Currently, there are 9 public universities and more than 10 private ones in Syria.The University of Damascus consists of several faculties, Higher Institutes, intermediate institutes and a School of Nursing. There is an institution specialized in teaching the Arabic language to foreigners, which is the largest institution of its kind in the Arab world. Wikipedia.


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News Article | December 21, 2016
Site: www.prweb.com

Dr. Nizar S. Eskandar, who founded and runs the Nephrology Department at SouthCoast Health and who also is board-certified in critical care medicine, is celebrating 20 years since he began his residency in the United States. Dr. Eskandar, who earned his medical degree at Damascus University School of Medicine in Syria, where he was born and raised, came to the United States with $2,000 in his pockets and the dream of practicing medicine. In 1996, after passing the necessary exams for foreign doctors seeking to practice in the United States, he began his residency at Providence Hospital in Detroit. “My first preference was to come to the United States because it is the land of opportunity — no doubt,” Dr. Eskandar said. “I did it. I lived it. I came with only an education and hard work and I made it.” Dr. Eskandar began the immigration process by working for five years in areas that the U.S. government considers under-served in terms of access to healthcare. That is what brought him to the Coastal Empire, as he practiced in Liberty County, which is home to SouthCoast’s office in Hinesville. Dr. Eskandar left the area to continue his education in critical care medicine in Rochester, N.Y., and then performed a fellowship in nephrology at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. When it came time to practice, he returned to Savannah and has remained at SouthCoast ever since. “Practicing medicine at SouthCoast and experiencing the growth of my personal practice in step with that of the rapid growth of SouthCoast as a whole has proved a truly gratifying experience,” Dr. Eskandar said. “The 20 years since I began my residency has gone by so fast that it is almost hard to comprehend. It has been an honor to help so many patients during that time. At the same time, I have loved making Savannah the home of my practice, as well as the home of my family — in the best country in the world.” Dr. Eskandar and his wife Margarita have two children, Nicholas and Grace. SouthCoast Health is a multi-specialty, physician-owned medical group with more than 120 healthcare professionals and 18 locations. The organization has been providing quality healthcare solutions to the Coastal Empire and Lowcountry for more than 20 years and is dedicated to complete patient wellbeing. For more information, visit http://www.SouthCoast-Health.com and connect with SouthCoast Health on Facebook.


The International Association of HealthCare Professionals is pleased to welcome George E. Barsa, DDS, Dentist to their prestigious organization with his upcoming publication in The Leading Physicians of the World. Dr. George E. Barsa is a highly trained and qualified dentist with an extensive expertise in all facets of his work, especially cosmetic dentistry. Dr. Barsa has 11 years of experience in his field and is currently serving patients within his own private practice, Confident Smiles, located in Chicago, Illinois. Dr. George E. Barsa has a previous DMD from Damascus University from 2006 and graduated with his Doctor of Dental Surgery Degree in 2012 from the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Dentistry with honor and is a member of OKU(Omicron Kappa Upsilon). Since his graduation, he has completed many advanced training courses to stay up to date with the latest advancements in dental techniques, practices, and technologies and with time he became the President Elect of The Chicago Dental Society West Side Branch. Furthermore, Dr. Barsa has attended and participated in a number of conferences. He maintains professional memberships with the American Dental Association, the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry, the Illinois State Dental Society, and the Chicago Dental Society. He is dedicated to ensuring that his patients are free of pain and discomfort, providing the highest level of quality care to create a smile that will improve their overall health, self esteem, and confidence. In his free time, Dr. Barsa enjoys hiking, biking, reading, watching movies, and spending time with his wife. Learn more about Dr. Barsa here: http://confidentsmileschicago.com/ and be sure to read his upcoming publication in The Leading Physicians of the World. FindaTopDoc.com is a hub for all things medicine, featuring detailed descriptions of medical professionals across all areas of expertise, and information on thousands of healthcare topics.  Each month, millions of patients use FindaTopDoc to find a doctor nearby and instantly book an appointment online or create a review.  FindaTopDoc.com features each doctor’s full professional biography highlighting their achievements, experience, patient reviews and areas of expertise.  A leading provider of valuable health information that helps empower patient and doctor alike, FindaTopDoc enables readers to live a happier and healthier life.  For more information about FindaTopDoc, visit http://www.findatopdoc.com


News Article | February 17, 2017
Site: www.prnewschannel.com

The International Association of HealthCare Professionals is pleased to welcome Refad Rabah, DDS, Dentist, to their prestigious organization with her upcoming publication in The Leading Physicians of the World. Dr. Refad Rabah is a highly trained and qualified dentist with an extensive expertise in all facets of her work, especially oral surgery, endodontics, and orthodontics. Dr. Rabah has been in practice for more than 18 years and is currently serving patients within Horizons Dentistry in Rancho Cucamonga, California. Dr. Refad Rabah graduated with her Doctor of Dental Surgery Degree in 1998 from the Damascus University Faculty of Dentistry in Damascus, Syria. To keep up to date with the latest advances and developments in her field, Dr. Rabah maintains a professional membership with the American Dental Association. She provides a comprehensive range of dental treatments, and is recognized as a specialist in dental surgery, endodontics and orthodontics. Dr. Rabah strives to communicate effectively and gain a complete understanding of her patients’ needs, goals, and concerns. Learn more about Dr. Rabah here: http://www.horizonsdentistry.com/ and http://www.iahcp.com/8137484.html and be sure to read her upcoming publication in The Leading Physicians of the World. FindaTopDoc.com is a hub for all things medicine, featuring detailed descriptions of medical professionals across all areas of expertise, and information on thousands of healthcare topics.  Each month, millions of patients use FindaTopDoc to find a doctor nearby and instantly book an appointment online or create a review.  FindaTopDoc.com features each doctor’s full professional biography highlighting their achievements, experience, patient reviews and areas of expertise.  A leading provider of valuable health information that helps empower patient and doctor alike, FindaTopDoc enables readers to live a happier and healthier life.  For more information about FindaTopDoc, visit http://www.findatopdoc.com


Amer Zamrik M.,Damascus University
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research | Year: 2013

In this study, quantification of both nitrate and nitrite in 121 sample included 72 of tomato samples collected randomly from the wholesale market for fruits and vegetables in addition to the 49 samples of processed tomato products included tomato juice, tomato paste, pizza sauce and ketchup. Nitrate and nitrite were estimated spectrophotometrically, nitrate was determined after reduction to nitrite with cadmium column. Results showed that the average amount of nitrate in tomato was 1089 mg/kg, while it was 500 mg/kg in the tomato juice. As for the amount of nitrates in tomato paste was 2043 mg/kg. The study also showed that the content of nitrate in pizza sauce and ketchup, in which the tomato represent the essential ingredient were 3039 and 5397 respectively. The nitrite levels in tomato and derived products are very low, under 1mg/kg excluding two results for tomato. This study showed that the amount of nitrates and nitrites in the tomatoes were within internationally accepted limits, and this will be reflected on their presence in the tomato processed products.


Al Aji B.,Damascus University | Yavuz Y.,Anadolu University | Koparal A.S.,Anadolu University
Separation and Purification Technology | Year: 2012

In this work, the performance of batch electrocoagulation (EC) using iron electrodes with monopolar configuration for simultaneous removal of copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), zinc (Zn) and manganese (Mn) from a model wastewater was investigated. The influences of current density (from 2 to 25 mA/cm 2), initial metal concentration (from 50 to 250 mg/L) and initial pH (3, 5.68, 8.95) on removal efficiency were explored in a batch stirred cell to determine the best experimental conditions. The results indicated that EC was very efficient to remove heavy metals from the model wastewater having an initial concentration of 250 mg/L for each metal under the best experimental conditions. According to initial pH results, high pH values are more suitable for metal removal with EC treatment. At the current density of 25 mA/cm 2 with a total energy consumption of ∼49 kWh/m 3, more than 96% removal value was achieved for all studied metals except Mn which was 72.6%. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Zaid K.W.,Damascus University
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2014

The aim of this study was to establish the expression and localization of E-cadherin and β-catenin in oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) so that we could correlate the findings with prognostic-relevant histopathological variables. E-cadherin and β-catenin expression in normal oral epithelia and in oral squamous cell carcinomas was examined immunohistochemically, and associations with histopathological differentiation and prognosis were then analyzed in 33 patients who had been operated on for OSCC. E-cadherin expression was found in (82%) of the squamous cells of well differentiated OSCC, (61%) of moderately differentiated and (39%) of poorly differentiated. E-cadherin expression was significantly associated with histological grade (p=0.000). No nuclear staining was detected. In (19.5%) of the cells E-cadherin localized in the cytoplasm, with no correlation to the histological grade (p=0.106). β-Catenin expression was found in 87% of the squamous cells of well differentiated OSCC, 67% of moderately differentiated and 43% of poorly differentiated, the expression was significantly associated with histological grade (p=0.000). the nuclear β-Catenin expression appeared in 3.3% of the cells and it was correlated to the histological grade (p=0.000). In (23.5%) of the cells β-Catenin localized in the cytoplasm, with correlation to the histological grade (p=0.002). According to this study the expression of β-catenin and E-cadherin were independent prognostic factors for histological grade. E-cadherin was closely linked to β-catenin expression in OSCC (p=0.000) and to tumor differentiation. That reflects a structural association and the role of both in tumor progression.


Barakat C.,Damascus University
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2015

This study aimed to investigate the correlation between β-catenin immunoexpression and histopathological grades of lower lip squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). β-Catenin abnormal expression was found in 29% of the squamous cells of well differentiated LSCC, 63% of moderately differentiated and 86% of poorly differentiated, and therefor was significantly associated with histological grade (p=0.000). Nuclear β-catenin expression appeared in 5% of the cells and was also correlated with the histological grades (p=0.000). In 14.7% of the cells it was localized in the cytoplasm, again correlating with histology (p=0.002). According to this study the expression of β-catenin is an independent prognostic factor for histological grade and to the tumor differentiation. This appears to reflect a structural association and the role of β-catenin in tumor progression.


Chkir S.,Damascus University
Energy Procedia | Year: 2011

This paper presents a method for calculating the flow around a wind turbine rotor. The real flow is replaced by a free stream past a vortex model of the rotor. This model consists of lifting vortex lines which replace the blades and a trailing free vorticity. The vorticity shed from the blade is concentrated in two vortices issued from tip and root. To compute the unsteady forces exerted on the rotor, a free wake method is used. This method consists of a Lagrangian representation of the flow field. The evolution of the wake is obtained by tracking the markers representing the vortices issued from the blade tips and roots. To solve the wake governing equation and to obtain the marker positions, a time-marching method is applied and the solution is obtained by a second order predictor-corrector scheme. To validate the proposed method a comparison is made with experimental data obtained in the case of a model of wind turbine where the flow field immediately behind the rotor is measured by means of PIV. It is shown that the numerical simulation captures correctly the near wake development. The comparison shows satisfactory accuracy for the velocity field downstream of the rotor. © 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd.


Vitamin D deficiency (25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) <25 nmol/L) was common in a convenience sample of apparently healthy Syrian adults. Female gender, season, and concealing clothing were independent predictors of vitamin D deficiency. Community-based research is needed to identify vulnerable subgroups and inform public health actions. Optimal vitamin D status for bone health has been inferred from the determination of serum 25OHD levels below which there is an increase in serum parathyroid hormone (PTH). Studies worldwide showed high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D even in sunny countries. There is little evidence about its prevalence among Syrian adult population. We aimed to assess the serum levels of 25OHD and factors related to vitamin D inadequacy and its relation to serum PTH and calcium among apparently healthy adults. Serum 25OHD and PTH measurements were obtained from 372 subjects aged 18-62 years living in Damascus and its surroundings, between April 2011 and March 2013. Binary logistic regression was used to assess risk factors for hypovitaminosis D. The mean (standard deviation (SD)) 25OHD level was 24.7 (16.9) nmol/L [9.8 (6.7) ng/mL] and was higher in men than women (p < 0.001). Levels <25, <50, and <75 nmol/L were detected in 61, 90.1, and 99.2 % of the participants, respectively. Season influenced vitamin D status in men but not in women (p < 0.001). Female gender and wearing the veil (hijab) were independent predictors of vitamin D deficiency (25OHD <25 nmol/L). PTH was significantly higher below this threshold (p < 0.001). Serum 25OHD <25 nmol/L, sex, and age ≥ 35 years were statistically significant factors for PTH elevation. Vitamin D deficiency was highly prevalent in our sample. Further research is needed to identify population groups vulnerable for hypovitaminosis D and specify its predictors and inform the necessary public health measures.


Dashash M.,Damascus University
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews | Year: 2013

Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a tooth development disorder in which the teeth are covered with thin, abnormally formed enamel. This enamel is easily fractured and damaged, which affects the appearance of the teeth, especially if left untreated. Negative psychological outcomes, due to compromised appearance and function, in patients with AI, have been found to compromise a person's attractiveness and reduce social interaction. The treatment used depends on the severity of the problem. To compare the success rates of different restorative materials and techniques used for the restoration of anterior and posterior teeth with AI in terms of patient satisfaction (aesthetics and sensitivity) and function. We searched the Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register (to 18 April 2013), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2013, Issue 3), MEDLINE via OVID (1946 to 18 April 2013), EMBASE via OVID (1980 to 18 April 2013), CINAHL via EBSCO (1980 to 18 April 2013), Abstracts of the Conference Proceedings of the International Association for Dental Research (2001 to 18 April 2013) and reference lists of relevant articles. There were no restrictions on language or date of publication in the electronic searches. Randomised controlled trials where children and adolescents with AI who required restoration of teeth were allocated to different restoration techniques would have been selected. Outcomes which would have been evaluated were patient satisfaction, aesthetics, masticatory function and longevity of restorations. Two review authors would have extracted data and assessed the risk of bias in included studies independently. Disagreement between the two authors would have been resolved by consulting a third review author. First authors were contacted for additional information and unpublished data. No studies met the inclusion criteria for this review. We found no randomised controlled trials of restorative treatments for children and adolescents with AI, and therefore there is no evidence as to which is the best restoration. Well defined randomised controlled trials which recruit children and adolescents and focus on the type and severity of the disorder should be undertaken to determine the best intervention for restoring teeth affected by AI.

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