Dallas Surgical Group

Dallas, TX, United States

Dallas Surgical Group

Dallas, TX, United States
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Hunt K.K.,The Surgical Center | McCall L.M.,Duke Cancer Institute | Boughey J.C.,Mayo Medical School | Mittendorf E.A.,The Surgical Center | And 7 more authors.
Annals of Surgery | Year: 2012

Objective: To determine factors important in local-regional recurrence (LRR) in patients with negative sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. Background: Z0010 was a prospective multicenter trial initiated in 1999 by the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group to evaluate occult disease in SLNs and bone marrow of early-stage breast cancer patients. Participants included women with biopsy-proven T1-2 breast cancer with clinically negative nodes, planned for lumpectomy and whole breast irradiation. Methods: Women with clinical T1-2,N0,M0 disease underwent lumpectomy and SLN dissection. There was no axillary-specific treatment for H&E-negative SLNs, and clinicians were blinded to immunohistochemistry results. Systemic therapy was based on primary tumor factors. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to determine clinicopathologic factors associated with LRR. Results: Of 5119 patients, 3904 (76.3%) had H&E-negative SLNs. Median age was 57 years (range 23-95). At median follow-up of 8.4 years, there were 127 local, 20 regional, and 134 distant recurrences. Factors associated with local-regional recurrence were hormone receptor-negative disease (P = 0.0004) and younger age (P = 0.047). In competing risk-regression models, hormone receptor-positive disease and use of chemotherapy were associated with reduction in local-regional recurrence. When local recurrence was included in the model as a time-dependent variable, older age, T2 disease, high tumor grade, and local recurrence were associated with reduced overall survival. Conclusions: Local-regional recurrences are rare in early-stage breast cancer patients with H&E-negative SLNs. Younger age and hormone receptor-negative disease are associated with higher event rates, and local recurrence is associated with reduced overall survival. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

PubMed | Biostat Inc., Vanderbilt University, Dallas Surgical Group, Michigan Healthcare Professionals and Texas Oncology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2017

138 Background: Currently, limited tools are available to assess response to therapy in patients with breast cancer related lymphedema (BCRL). The purpose of this study was to perform an exploratory analysis to determine if, in clinical settings, bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) can detect changes in extracellular fluid volume in response to treatment of BCRL.Three centers that had experience with BIS (L-Dex U400, ImpediMed Limited, Brisbane, Australia) provided retrospective data on 50 patients with breast cancer who were evaluated with BIS at baseline and following loco-regional procedures. Patients had a pre-surgical L-Dex measurement as well as at least 2 post-surgical measurements (before and after BCRL intervention). Decisions regarding intervention were made by physicians with no L-Dex score cut-off utilized. An analysis was performed comparing changes in L-Dex scores for those patients undergoing treatment for BCRL (n=13) versus those not undergoing intervention (n=37). A second analysis was also performed on all patients with elevated L-Dex scores compared to baseline prior to intervention (n=32).The mean age was 54 years old. Fifty four percent of patients underwent SLN biopsy with a mean of 7.9 nodes removed. The mean change in L-Dex score from baseline (pre-treatment) to the first post-surgical L-Dex score measurement was 3.3 +/- 6.8. When comparing the cohort treated for BCRL to those not treated, L-Dex scores were significantly reduced (-4.3 v. 0.1, p=0.005) following intervention. For the subset of patients with elevated L-Dex scores post-surgery, the change in L-Dex score following BCRL intervention was significantly reduced (-5.8 v. 0.1, p=0.001) compared with those observed.These results confirm that BIS can detect increases in L-Dex scores following breast surgery and can also detect reductions in L-Dex scores following intervention for early onset lymphedema. These results demonstrate that BIS has significant clinical utility as it can be used to monitor patients with early BCRL who undergo intervention and to follow these patients (through serial measurements) to document their short and long-term response to these treatments.

Shah C.,Oakland University | Wilkinson J.B.,Oakland University | Lyden M.,Biostat Inc. | Mbah A.,Biostat Inc. | And 3 more authors.
Brachytherapy | Year: 2012

Purpose: To compare rates of regional recurrence (RR) and overall survival (OS) between a pooled set of 1400 patients treated on the American Society of Breast Surgeons MammoSite (Hologic, Inc., Bedford, MA) Registry Trial to a cohort of 3600 patients treated with whole breast irradiation (WBI). Methods and Materials: A total of 1440 women underwent accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) between 2002 and 2004 as part of the American Society of Breast Surgeons Registry Trial and a total of 3593 patients who received WBI were evaluated from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results database with treatment received between 1980 and 2009. A matched-pair analysis was performed based on age, receipt of hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, nodal status, and tumor size (1051 patients per arm). Rates of RR and OS were then analyzed for each group. Results: After the match, no differences in patient characteristics were noted when tumor size was evaluated as a continuous variable. Rates of RR and OS were similar between the WBI and APBI groups. A Cox regression model found no difference between WBI and APBI with regard to RR; however, OS was improved in the APBI cohort (hazard ratio 0.008, p<0.0001). Conclusions: With one of the largest patient populations to date comparing WBI and APBI, no difference in RR or OS was noted between WBI and APBI treatment. Until the publication of prospective Phase III trials, these data support the continued use of APBI on protocol and off protocol in appropriately selected patients. © 2012 American Brachytherapy Society.

Wilkinson J.B.,Oakland University | Beitsch P.D.,Dallas Surgical Group | Shah C.,University of Washington | Arthur D.,Virginia Commonwealth University | And 8 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2013

Purpose: To determine whether the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Consensus Statement (CS) recommendations for accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) are associated with significantly different outcomes in a pooled analysis from William Beaumont Hospital (WBH) and the American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBrS) MammoSite® Registry Trial. Methods and Materials: APBI was used to treat 2127 cases of early-stage breast cancer (WBH, n=678; ASBrS, n=1449). Three forms of APBI were used at WBH (interstitial, n=221; balloon-based, n=255; or 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy, n=206), whereas all Registry Trial patients received balloon-based brachytherapy. Patients were divided according to the ASTRO CS into suitable (n=661, 36.5%), cautionary (n=850, 46.9%), and unsuitable (n=302, 16.7%) categories. Tumor characteristics and clinical outcomes were analyzed according to CS group. Results: The median age was 65 years (range, 32-94 years), and the median tumor size was 10.0 mm (range, 0-45 mm). The median follow-up time was 60.6 months. The WBH cohort had more node-positive disease (6.9% vs 2.6%, P<.01) and cautionary patients (49.5% vs 41.8%, P=.06). The 5-year actuarial ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR), regional nodal failure (RNF), and distant metastasis (DM) for the whole cohort were 2.8%, 0.6%, 1.6%. The rate of IBTR was not statistically higher between suitable (2.5%), cautionary (3.3%), or unsuitable (4.6%) patients (P=.20). The nonsignificant increase in IBTR for the cautionary and unsuitable categories was due to increased elsewhere failures and new primaries (P=.04), not tumor bed recurrence (P=.93). Conclusions: Excellent outcomes after breast-conserving surgery and APBI were seen in our pooled analysis. The current ASTRO CS guidelines did not adequately differentiate patients at an increased risk of IBTR or tumor bed failure in this large patient cohort. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Vicini F.,Michigan Healthcare Professionals 21st Century Oncology | Shah C.,University of Washington | Ben Wilkinson J.,Oakland University | Keisch M.,University of Miami | And 2 more authors.
Annals of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2013

Purpose: To analyze outcomes in patients with ductal carcinoma-in-situ (DCIS) treated with accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) within a pooled set of patients. Methods: A total of 300 women with DCIS underwent APBI between April 1993 and November 2010 as part of American Society of Breast Surgeons MammoSite Registry Trial (n = 192) or at William Beaumont Hospital (n = 108). Patients with pure DCIS <3 cm (n = 125) were assigned to the cautionary risk group per American Society of Radiation Oncology consensus panel guidelines for off-protocol use of APBI and analyzed compared to a pooled invasive suitable (n = 653) risk group and pooled invasive suitable/cautionary (n = 1,298) risk group. Results: The rate of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) for all 300 DCIS patients was 2.6 % at 5 years with no regional recurrences, while cause-specific survival was 99.5 % and overall survival (OS) was 96.4 %. When comparing the cautionary DCIS group to the invasive suitable/cautionary group, no difference in IBTR was noted (2.6 vs. 3.1 %, P = 0.90) with significant improvements in distant metastases (0 vs. 2.5 %, P = 0.05), disease-free survival (98.5 vs. 94.4 %, P = 0.05), and OS (95.7 vs. 90.8 %, P = 0.03) noted for DCIS patients. When comparing cautionary DCIS patients to invasive suitable patients, no difference in IBTR were noted (2.6 vs. 2.4 %, P = 0.76), while improved OS for DCIS patients was noted (95.7 vs. 90.9 %, P = 0.02). Conclusions: This analysis of the largest cohort of patients with DCIS treated with APBI supports previously reported excellent outcomes; as a result of small numbers of events, further data are necessary to confirm these findings. © 2012 Society of Surgical Oncology.

Shah C.,Summa Health System | Badiyan S.,Summa Health System | Ben Wilkinson J.,Oakland University | Vicini F.,Michigan Healthcare Professionals 21st Century Oncology | And 4 more authors.
Annals of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2013

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine data on treatment efficacy, cosmesis and toxicities for the final analysis of the American Society of Breast Surgeons MammoSite® breast brachytherapy registry trial. Methods: A total of 1,449 cases of early-stage breast cancer underwent breast conserving therapy. The single-lumen MammoSite® device was used to deliver accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) (34 Gy in 3.4 Gy fractions). Of these, 1,255 cases (87 %) had invasive breast cancer (IBC) and 194 cases had DCIS. Median follow-up was 63.1 months with 45 % of all patients having follow-up of 6 years or longer. Results: There were 41 cases (2.8 %) that developed an ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) for a 5-year actuarial rate of 3.8 % (3.7 % for IBC and 4.1 % for DCIS). Tumor size (odds ratio [OR] = 1.1, p = 0.03) and estrogen receptor negativity (OR = 3.0, p = 0.0009) were associated with IBTR, while a trend was noted for positive margins (OR = 2.0, p = 0.06) and cautionary/unsuitable status compared with suitable status (OR = 1.8, p = 0.07). The percentage of patients with excellent/good cosmetic results at 60, 72, and 84 months was 91.3, 90.5, and 90.6 %, respectively. The overall rates of fat necrosis and infections remained low at 2.5 and 9.6 % with few late toxicity events beyond 2 years. The overall symptomatic seroma rate was 13.4 and 0.6 % beyond 2 years. Conclusions: The final analysis of treatment efficacy, cosmesis, and toxicity from the American Society of Breast Surgeons MammoSite® breast brachytherapy registry trial confirms previously noted excellent results and compares favorably with other forms of APBI with similar follow-up and to outcomes seen in selected patients treated with whole breast irradiation. © 2013 Society of Surgical Oncology.

Shah C.,William Beaumont Hospital | Vicini F.,William Beaumont Hospital | Keisch M.,University of Miami | Kuerer H.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | And 3 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2012

Background: The objective of this study was to examine clinical outcomes and patterns of failure in patients with early stage breast cancer who developed an ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) after breast-conserving therapy (BCT) using accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI). Methods: In total, 1440 patients (1449 tumors) with early stage breast cancer who underwent BCT were treated with the MammoSite device to deliver APBI (34 Gray [Gy] in 3.4-Gy fractions). One thousand two hundred fifty-five patients (87%) had invasive breast cancer (IBC) (median tumor size, 10 mm), and 194 patients (13%) had ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) (median tumor size, 8 mm). The median follow-up was 60 months. Results: Fifty patients (3.5%) developed an IBTR for a 5-year actuarial rate of 3.61% (3.65% for IBC and 3.36% for DCIS). It was determined that 36 recurrences (72%) represented new primary cancers, and 14 recurrences (28%) represented recurrences of the index lesion. Of the 32 recurrences with known histology, 78% were IBC, and 22% were DCIS. After IBTR, 28 of 38 patients (74%) underwent salvage mastectomy, and 9 of 38 patients (26%) had a second attempt at BCT. Adjuvant therapies included tamoxifen in 8 patients (16%) and systemic chemotherapy in 6 patients (12%). The 3-year rates of disease-free survival, cause-specific survival, and overall survival after IBTR were 58.7%, 92.1%, and 80.5%, respectively. Conclusions: With 5 years of follow-up, APBI produced clinical outcomes and patterns of failure comparable to those achieved with whole breast irradiation. Patients who developed an IBTR after APBI had excellent 3-year survival outcomes after salvage treatments. © 2011 American Cancer Society.

Shaitelman S.F.,William Beaumont Hospital | Vicini F.A.,William Beaumont Hospital | Beitsch P.,Dallas Surgical Group | Haffty B.,University of New Brunswick | And 2 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) consensus statement (CS) for the application of accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) was applied to patients who were treated with this technique on the American Society of Breast Surgeons MammoSite Registry Trial to determine potential differences in clinical outcome based on classification group. METHODS: Patients were classified based on the CS groups of "suitable, " "cautionary," and "unsuitable." Rates of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR), regional lymph node failure, distant metastases, disease-free survival, cause-specific survival, and overall survival were assessed. RESULTS: Of the 1449 cases who were treated, 1025 patients (71%) could be classified according to the CS groupings, including 419 patients (41%) who fit the "suitable" criteria, 430 patients (42%) who fit the "cautionary" criteria, and 176 patients (17%) who fit the "unsuitable" criteria. At a median follow-up of 53.5 months, the 5-year actuarial rates of IBTR for the "suitable," "cautionary," and "unsuitable" groups were 2.59%, 5.43%, and 5.28%, respectively (P=.1884). Univariate analysis of factors potentially associated with IBTR indicated that negative estrogen receptor status was the only variable associated with IBTR among patients with invasive breast cancer (odds ratio [OR], 4.01; P=.0003). Larger tumor size was associated with a greater risk of distant metastasis (OR, 3.05; P=.0001). Among patients with ductal carcinoma in situ, only age <50 years and close-positive margins were associated with IBTR (OR, 1.12 [P=.0079] and OR, 7.81 [P=.0131], respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The ASTRO CS groupings did not differentiate a subset of patients with a significantly worse rate of IBTR when they were treated with the MammoSite breast brachytherapy catheter to deliver APBI. © 2010 American Cancer Society.

Giuliano A.E.,John Wayne Cancer Institute | Hunt K.K.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Ballman K.V.,Mayo Medical School | Beitsch P.D.,Dallas Surgical Group | And 6 more authors.
JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association | Year: 2011

Context: Sentinel lymph node dissection (SLND) accurately identifies nodal metastasis of early breast cancer, but it is not clear whether further nodal dissection affects survival. Objective: To determine the effects of complete axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) on survival of patients with sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastasis of breast cancer. Design, Setting, and Patients: The American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z0011 trial, a phase 3 noninferiority trial conducted at 115 sites and enrolling patients from May 1999 to December 2004. Patients were women with clinical T1-T2 invasive breast cancer, no palpable adenopathy, and 1 to 2 SLNs containing metastases identified by frozen section, touch preparation, or hematoxylin-eosin staining on permanent section. Targeted enrollmentwas 1900 women with final analysis after 500 deaths, but the trial closed early because mortality rate was lower than expected. Interventions: All patients underwent lumpectomy and tangential whole-breast irradiation. Those with SLN metastases identified by SLND were randomized to undergo ALND or no further axillary treatment. Those randomized to ALND underwent dissection of 10 or more nodes. Systemic therapy was at the discretion of the treating physician. Main Outcome Measures: Overall survival was the primary end point, with a non-inferiority margin of a 1-sided hazard ratio of less than 1.3 indicating that SLND alone is noninferior to ALND. Disease-free survival was a secondary end point. Results: Clinical and tumor characteristics were similar between 445 patients randomized to ALND and 446 randomized to SLND alone. However, the median number of nodes removed was 17 with ALND and 2 with SLND alone. At a median follow-up of 6.3 years (last follow-up, March 4, 2010), 5-year overall survival was 91.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 89.1%-94.5%)with ALND and 92.5% (95% CI, 90.0%-95.1%) with SLND alone; 5-year disease-free survival was 82.2% (95% CI, 78.3%-86.3%) with ALND and 83.9% (95% CI, 80.2%-87.9%) with SLND alone. The hazard ratio for treatment-related overall survival was 0.79 (90% CI, 0.56-1.11) without adjustment and 0.87 (90% CI, 0.62-1.23) after adjusting for age and adjuvant therapy. Conclusion: Among patients with limited SLN metastatic breast cancer treated with breast conservation and systemic therapy, the use of SLND alone compared with ALND did not result in inferior survival. Trial Registration clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003855. ©2011 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.

Giuliano A.E.,John Wayne Cancer Institute | McCall L.,The American College | Beitsch P.,Dallas Surgical Group | Whitworth P.W.,Nashville Breast Center | And 6 more authors.
Annals of Surgery | Year: 2010

Background and Objective: Sentinel lymph node dissection (SLND) has eliminated the need for axillary dissection (ALND) in patients whose sentinel node (SN) is tumor-free. However, completion ALND for patients with tumor-involved SNs remains the standard to achieve locoregional control. Few studies have examined the outcome of patients who do not undergo ALND for positive SNs. We now report local and regional recurrence information from the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z0011 trial. Methods: American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z0011 was a prospective trial examining survival of patients with SN metastases detected by standard H and E, who were randomized to undergo ALND after SLND versus SLND alone without specific axillary treatment. Locoregional recurrence was evaluated. Results: There were 446 patients randomized to SLND alone and 445 to SLND + ALND. Patients in the 2 groups were similar with respect to age, Bloom-Richardson score, estrogen receptor status, use of adjuvant systemic therapy, tumor type, T stage, and tumor size. Patients randomized to SLND + ALND had a median of 17 axillary nodes removed compared with a median of only 2 SN removed with SLND alone (P < 0.001). ALND also removed more positive lymph nodes (P < 0.001). At a median follow-up time of 6.3 years, there were no statistically significant differences in local recurrence (P = 0.11) or regional recurrence (P = 0.45) between the 2 groups. Conclusions: Despite the potential for residual axillary disease after SLND, SLND without ALND can offer excellent regional control and may be reasonable management for selected patients with early-stage breast cancer treated with breast-conserving therapy and adjuvant systemic therapy. © 2010 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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