Borlange, Sweden

Dalarna University
Borlange, Sweden

Dalarna University is a university college located in Falun and Borlänge, in Dalarna County, Sweden.Dalarna University is one of Sweden’s more recent institutions of higher education, established in 1977. It is situated in Dalarna, 200 kilometres north-west of Stockholm.The college currently has about 18000 students. Approximately half of them study in Falun, the administrative capital of the province, while the rest study in the neighbouring town of Borlänge and via distance education. Wikipedia.

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Johansson S.,Dalarna University
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science | Year: 2014

The study of Neanderthal cognition is difficult, because of the archaeological invisibility of cognition, and because of the methodological issues that arise both from that invisibility and from their being close to modern humans. Nevertheless, fair progress has been made in gathering relevant evidence. There is now good evidence that Neanderthals were cognitively sophisticated, displaying many of the cognitive traits that were traditionally regarded as proxies for modern human cognition, notably including language. It can neither be proven nor excluded that they were our cognitive equals, but they were close enough to us, biologically and cognitively, to interbreed successfully and leave a genetic legacy in our DNA. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: REFLECTIVE-11-2015 | Award Amount: 1.90M | Year: 2016

Traditional valorisation approaches focus on linear processes: from academia to society. In order to bring valorisation to a higher level, all relevant actors need to cooperate in an equal setting: co-creation. Co-creation transcends boundaries, but it does not happen naturally. Therefore, the ACCOMPLISSH consortium, consisting of 14 universities from 12 countries (representing all the sub disciplines in SSH), will actively involve the other partners from the so called Quadruple Helix (industry, governments and societal partners) within the project. The project has chosen an Open Innovation approach. The ACCOMPLISSH project (Accelerate co-creation by setting up a multi-actor platform for impact from Social Sciences and Humanities) will create a platform for dialogue where not only universities are involved. The dialogue platform is organised in such a way that academia, industry, governments and societal partners equally contribute in identifying barriers and enablers of co-creation. The results from both practice and the theory of co-creation form the basis of the valorisation concept and will be tested in the project in a quadruple helix setting. This concept will be tested and developed in such a way that it is transferable, scalable and customized for academia, industry, governments and societal partners in the whole of Europe. The impact profile of SSH research could be far stronger and more visible than it currently is. There are significant barriers to the valorisation of SSH research which still need to be understood in detail. In order to push the envelope within universities, we acknowledge that next to SSH researchers, the research support officers are key players in valorisation of SSH research. The project will identify all barriers and enablers of co-creation in order to develop an innovative valorisation concept, which will foster knowledge exchange within the quadruple helix and strengthens the position of SSH research.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN | Award Amount: 3.46M | Year: 2013

Large solar heating systems are decisive to cover a major part of European low temperature heat demand by solar energy and therewith to meet European policy aims. However, today only a negligible share of solar heating systems installed in Europe are large units due to manifold technical and socio-economic obstacles. The challenge of solar thermal technology and the overall objective of the proposed initial training network is to supply heat in larger solar heating systems for applications like industrial processes, to feed-in into district heating networks, or sorption drying and cooling. The obstacles will be approached with an innovative inter-disciplinary consortium, including 13 PhD students. Six universities and five private sector participants from six different European countries will provide research and training in cooperation with four associated partners from the private sector. The SHINE project will cover detailed new experimental material-, component- and system studies, system integration analysis and numerical optimization, as well as chemical investigations on storage materials. A close cooperation with industry will ensure fast exploitation of the results. With the SHINE network, the critical mass of PhD students will be gathered on a European level to offer a specialized and structured PhD course programme of large solar heating systems. After the end of SHINE, the key course modules will be offered as a standard curriculum of European PhD education in solar thermal in the long term. The SHINE students will face excellent job perspectives, they will have a sound background in energy economics and complementary skills, regarded as important skills to reach a break through of solar thermal technology.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: EeB.NMP.2012-2 | Award Amount: 10.84M | Year: 2012

Most of the energy consumption in Europe is due to heating and cooling used for domestic, tertiary and industrial purposes; This energy is largely produced by directly burning fossil fuels with a negative environmental impact. RES directive and the SET Plan focuses its attention on the use of RES to drive systems for heating and cooling in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the dependence on energy import, and to reach the 20/20/20 target. For this reason the European Unions energy policy gives high priority to energy savings and use of renewable energy sources. The project iNSPiRe aims at conceiving, developing and demonstrating Systemic Renovation Packages, through the innovative integration of envelope technologies, energy generation (including RES integration), energy distribution, lighting and comfort management systems into deep energy renovation of buildings, both in the residential and tertiary sectors. During the project Multifunctional Industrialized Renovation Kits will be developed, manufactured and installed at three Demo Case Studies. The optimal integration of such systems will lead to major cumulative energy savings with respect to consumption prior to renovation (therefore to extreme reductions of the CO2 emissions), assuring at the same time enhanced users comfort conditions. The final target of the systemic renovation packages will be to reach an overall Primary Energy consumption of the building lower than 50 kWh/m/year. The project iNSPiRe triggers a scenario of fast decarbonization, by promoting the transition of the construction sector to a fully industrial phase, hence optimizing the materials utilization and manufacturing/installation/maintenance/ dismantling processes. The exploitation of the project results will make available on the market reliable and cost-effective products, suitable for the deep energy renovation of existing buildings, fostering the connection between construction and industry sectors, and creating new jobs.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2011.4.1-1 | Award Amount: 3.09M | Year: 2012

The objective of this project is to develop new innovative products and advanced test methods for a next generation of compact combined renewable energy systems based on solar thermal and heat pump technology for space heating and hot water preparation, using breakthroughs in ICT, new materials and technology. The goal is to achieve 25% energy savings compared to current state of the art systems, with still competitive prices on the market. Thus, the work proposed aims for a seasonal performance factor of the system (solar and heat pump) of e.g. 6 as compared to 4.5 for the current state of the art. This will be possible by using new materials, components and ICT in an integrative approach for new system concepts where the focus is on the overall systems cost and performance. A systematic approach will be used to evaluate new breakthroughs such as e.g. low-cost materials and selective paint for solar collectors that collect solar irradiation as well as ambient heat and PV/T collectors that produce heat as well as electricity. Exergetic optimization of heat pump circuits includes using de-superheating heat exchangers for DHW preparation as a by-product of the more efficient space heating operation, and variable speed controlled compressors for heat pumps that match the collector heat input to the evaporator and/or the demand. New storage concepts include phase change materials (PCM) on the cold side of the heat pump, low cost materials for storage tank construction, improved temperature stratification and charging/discharging control. On the control and ICT side, weather and user forecast based predictive control for intelligent storage charging by different heat sources will help to increase the overall system performance significantly. Online monitoring and fault detection within small controller units will be used to increase system reliability both for the installation phase and for the whole operational life of the installation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2012.6.3-1 | Award Amount: 4.28M | Year: 2012

The UN General Assembly has proclaimed 2011 as the International Year of Forests, since they play a crucial role in regulating the global climate and are also a vital resource for many countries By the European side, the Commission Green Paper On forest protection and information in the EU: preparing forests for climate change [COM(2010)66] underlines that forests serve multiple and interrelated social, economic and environmental functions, often at the same time and place; forests are one of the main natural resources in the world. Zephyr aims to introduce an innovative technology build on pre-cultivation of forest regeneration materials in a zero-impact and cost friendly production unit, not affected by outdoor climate and with LED lights providing an optimal spectrum for the photosynthesis. Light intensity, photo-period and further parameters will be automatically regulated by a control system that receives data from several sensors, while the energy will be provided by solar panels The project will integrate these technologies into a functional system for large scale production of pre-cultivated forest regeneration materials adapted to transplanting and further growth at forest nurseries all over Europe The new integrated technology will make a drastic change to state-of-the-art in forest nursery production for reforestation purposes: apart from being more resource-efficient, it will also contribute to the environmental protection through: biodiversity defending, water recycling, strong reduction of fertilizers and avoidance of pesticides. Moreover, it will allow a CERTIFIED and STANDARDISED production of reforestation materials, with a noticeable increasing of the efficiency of the reforestation operations. Zephyr will focus on the interplay between several different innovative technologies, models and procedures. The exploitation of the results will strongly improve the competitiveness of the participating SMEs

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2011-1 | Award Amount: 1.42M | Year: 2012

Forests play a crucial role in regulating the global climate and are also a vital resource for many countries. Forests are an important global resource that human populations depend on for wood, air quality, recreation and many other uses The Regen-Forest project objective is to Introduce a new technology for production of forest regeneration materials built on sustainable production in a cost efficient and environmental friendly mobile unit. The environment in the unit will not be affected by outdoor climate and the light source will be based on specific Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs). The results to be achieved to reach the project objective are to: - Identify suitable LED light spectrum regarding several important forest species in Europe by extensive tests in conventional growth chambers. - Develop protocols for optimal growth of respective species. - Develop suitable LED equipment. - Define characteristics of the mobile production unit in regard to technical performance and growing environment. - Construct a mobile production unit based on these characteristics. - Exploit the project results in Europe The new LED-integrated technology will make a drastic change to state-of-the-art in forest nursery production for reforestation purposes: apart from being more cost efficient and improving the sustainable management in the production of forest crops, it will also contribute to the environmental protection through a noticeable energy saving by adopting the LED technology, and consequent reduction of greenhouse gas emissions; moreover, since the LED lamps do not produce additional warming, there will be further energy saving by reducing the air conditioning costs. The creation of a mobile production unit that uses the LED lamps is a challenging task; however the RTD performers have all the competence needed to meet this challenge in close cooperation with the SMEs.

Ronnegard L.,Dalarna University | Valdar W.,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Genetics | Year: 2011

Traditional methods for detecting genes that affect complex diseases in humans or animal models, milk production in livestock, or other traits of interest, have asked whether variation in genotype produces a change in that trait's average value. But focusing on differences in the mean ignores differences in variability about that mean. The robustness, or uniformity, of an individual's character is not only of great practical importance in medical genetics and food production but is also of scientific and evolutionary interest (e.g., blood pressure in animal models of heart disease, litter size in pigs, flowering time in plants). We describe a method for detecting major genes controlling the phenotypic variance, referring to these as vQTL. Our method uses a double generalized linear model with linear predictors based on probabilities of line origin. We evaluate our method on simulated F2 and collaborative cross data, and on a real F2 intercross, demonstrating its accuracy and robustness to the presence of ordinary mean-controlling QTL. We also illustrate the connection between vQTL and QTL involved in epistasis, explaining how these concepts overlap. Our method can be applied to a wide range of commonly used experimental crosses and may be extended to genetic association more generally. © 2011 by the Genetics Society of America.

Jaaskelainen M.,Dalarna University
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2012

In this work, I consider the center-of-mass wave function for a homogenous sphere under the influence of the self-interaction due to Newtonian gravity. I solve for the ground state numerically and calculate the average radius as a measure of its size. For small masses, M≲10 -17 kg, the radial size is independent of density, and the ground state extends beyond the extent of the sphere. For masses larger than this, the ground state is contained within the sphere and to a good approximation given by the solution for an effective radial harmonic-oscillator potential. This work thus determines the limits of applicability of the point-mass Newton Schrödinger equations for spherical masses. In addition, I calculate the fringe visibility for matter-wave interferometry and find that in the low-mass case, interferometry can in principle be performed, whereas for the latter case, it becomes impossible. Based on this, I discuss this transition as a possible boundary for the quantum-classical crossover, independent of the usually evoked environmental decoherence. The two regimes meet at sphere sizes R≈10 -7 m, and the density of the material causes only minor variations in this value. © 2012 American Physical Society.

Udo C.,Dalarna University
European Journal of Oncology Nursing | Year: 2014

Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate and clarify the concept of existential issues in relation to nursing research and nursing practice. Methods: This article is a theoretical analysis of existential issues in relation to nursing. Results: Existential issues are becoming more commonly discussed and investigated in nursing research. Thus, it is important to clarify the concept. Conclusions: A clarification of existential issues may contribute to health care quality by increasing awareness of what existential issues are and drawing attention to the importance of discussing and reflecting on these issues, since practitioners in a caring profession will most likely encounter them. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

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