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Redruello B.,Dairy Research Institute IPLA CSIC | Ladero V.,Dairy Research Institute IPLA CSIC | del Rio B.,Dairy Research Institute IPLA CSIC | Fernandez M.,Dairy Research Institute IPLA CSIC | And 2 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2017

This paper reports a novel UHPLC method for simultaneously quantifying nine biogenic amines, 21 amino acids, and ammonium ions, in beer. Precision values of standard curves slopes were lower than 3.4% and recovery was between 85% and 106%, indicating the absence of matrix effect. Linear calibration curves were obtained for analyte concentrations between two and four orders of magnitude (R2 > 0.996). Repeatability tests returned mean variations of 3.2% and 0.5% for beer and a standard solution, respectively. Sensitivity ranged between 0.03 mg/L and 0.63 mg/L for the biogenic amines, and 0.05 mg/L and 5.19 mg/L for other compounds. Original data on the habitual presence of ethanolamine in beers are presented. The method allows for more samples to be assayed per unit time, it uses less solvent than other techniques and therefore reduces costs and the associated waste. It could be a valuable tool for monitoring the safety and quality of beers. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd


Blanco-Miguez A.,University of Vigo | Gutierrez-Jacome A.,University of Vigo | Fdez-Riverola F.,University of Vigo | Lourenco A.,University of Vigo | And 2 more authors.
Food Microbiology | Year: 2016

Bifidobacteria are gut commensal microorganisms belonging to the Actinobacteria group. Some specific strains of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis are used in functional foods as they are able to exert health-promoting effects in the human host. Due to the limited genetic variability within this subspecies, it is sometimes difficult for a manufacturer to properly track its strain once included in dairy products or functional foods. In this paper, we present a peptidome-based analysis in which the proteomes of a set of B. animalis subsp. lactis strains were digested in silico with human gut endopeptidases. The molecular masses were compared along all the strains to detect strain-specific peptides. These peptides may be interesting towards the development of methodologies for strain identification in the final product. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd


PubMed | University of Vigo, University of Minho and Dairy Research Institute IPLA CSIC
Type: | Journal: Food microbiology | Year: 2016

Bifidobacteria are gut commensal microorganisms belonging to the Actinobacteria group. Some specific strains of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis are used in functional foods as they are able to exert health-promoting effects in the human host. Due to the limited genetic variability within this subspecies, it is sometimes difficult for a manufacturer to properly track its strain once included in dairy products or functional foods. In this paper, we present a peptidome-based analysis in which the proteomes of a set of B.animalis subsp. lactis strains were digested in silico with human gut endopeptidases. The molecular masses were compared along all the strains to detect strain-specific peptides. These peptides may be interesting towards the development of methodologies for strain identification in the final product.


PubMed | University of Barcelona, University of Oviedo, Nestlé, Autonomous University of Barcelona and Dairy Research Institute IPLA CSIC
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Applied and environmental microbiology | Year: 2015

Exopolysaccharides (EPS) are extracellular carbohydrate polymers synthesized by a large variety of bacteria. Their physiological functions have been extensively studied, but many of their roles have not yet been elucidated. We have sequenced the genomes of two isogenic strains of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis that differ in their EPS-producing phenotype. The original strain displays a nonmucoid appearance, and the mutant derived thereof has acquired a mucoid phenotype. The sequence analysis of their genomes revealed a nonsynonymous mutation in the gene Balat_1410, putatively involved in the elongation of the EPS chain. By comparing a strain from which this gene had been deleted with strains containing the wild-type and mutated genes, we were able to show that each strain displays different cell surface characteristics. The mucoid EPS synthesized by the strain harboring the mutation in Balat_1410 provided higher resistance to gastrointestinal conditions and increased the capability for adhesion to human enterocytes. In addition, the cytokine profiles of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and ex vivo colon tissues suggest that the mucoid strain could have higher anti-inflammatory activity. Our findings provide relevant data on the function of Balat_1410 and reveal that the mucoid phenotype is able to alter some of the most relevant functional properties of the cells.


Portilla-Vazquez S.,Food Research and Development Unit UNIDA Technological Institute of Veracruz | Rodriguez A.,Dairy Research Institute IPLA CSIC | Ramirez-Lepe M.,Food Research and Development Unit UNIDA Technological Institute of Veracruz | Mendoza-Garcia P.G.,Food Research and Development Unit UNIDA Technological Institute of Veracruz | Martinez B.,Dairy Research Institute IPLA CSIC
Food Biotechnology | Year: 2016

The aim of this work was to examine the biodiversity of bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria from homemade cheeses produced in Veracruz (México) and assess their contribution as adjunct cultures in dairy products. Ninety-three presumptive bacteriocinogenic strains were detected by direct antagonism assays and 29 of them were active against Enterococcus faecalis NRRL-B537, Listeria innocua 062 AST, or Listeria monocytogenes ATCC19115 by the well diffusion test using cell-free supernatants, adjusted to pH 6.0 to exclude inhibition by organic acids. Positive isolates were identified by partial sequencing of the 16s rDNA as Pediococcus acidilactici (four isolates), Enterococcus faecium (17 isolates), Lactobacillus plantarum (six isolates) and Lactobacillus fermentum (two isolates). RAPD-PCR discriminated seven groups with a 50% similarity and revealed the presence of the same isolates. The coding genes for the synthesis of plantaricin EF, plantaricin JK, plantaricin N, plantaricin NC8 and the inducing peptide plantaricin A were detected by PCR in L. plantarum. Similarly, enterocin P and pediocin PA-1 genes were amplified from Enterococcus and Pediococcus genomic DNA, respectively. Overall, co-culturing of bacteriocin producing Lactobacillus and Pediococcus strains with the dairy starter Lactococcus lactis IPLA947 did not interfere with milk acidification. Lactose consumption, acidification rate and production of lactic acid were unchanged. Nonetheless, higher levels of acetic acid, ethanol and succinic acid were detected depending on the strain. Our results demonstrate the diversity of bacteriocinogenic species in homemade Mexican cheeses which may be used as adjunct cultures to enhancing safety of this well-appreciated cheese while providing a richer range of metabolites. © 2016 Taylor & Francis.


PubMed | Dairy Research Institute IPLA CSIC
Type: | Journal: Food chemistry | Year: 2014

For patients with celiac disease, gliadin detoxification via the use of gliadinases may provide an alternative to a gluten-free diet. A culture medium, in which gliadins were the sole source of nitrogen, was developed for screening for microorganisms with gliadinase activity. The problem of gliadin insolubility was solved by mild acid treatment, which renders an acid-hydrolysed gliadin/peptide mixture (AHG). This medium provided a sensitive and reliable means of detecting proteases, compared to the classical spectrophotometric method involving azocasein. When a sample of fermented wheat (a source of bacteria) was plated on an AHG-based culture medium, strains with gliadinase activity were isolated. These strains gliadinase profiles were determined using an AHG-based substrate in zymographic analyses.


PubMed | Dairy Research Institute IPLA CSIC
Type: | Journal: Food chemistry | Year: 2016

This paper reports a novel UHPLC method for simultaneously quantifying nine biogenic amines, 21 amino acids, and ammonium ions, in beer. Precision values of standard curves slopes were lower than 3.4% and recovery was between 85% and 106%, indicating the absence of matrix effect. Linear calibration curves were obtained for analyte concentrations between two and four orders of magnitude (R(2)>0.996). Repeatability tests returned mean variations of 3.2% and 0.5% for beer and a standard solution, respectively. Sensitivity ranged between 0.03mg/L and 0.63mg/L for the biogenic amines, and 0.05mg/L and 5.19mg/L for other compounds. Original data on the habitual presence of ethanolamine in beers are presented. The method allows for more samples to be assayed per unit time, it uses less solvent than other techniques and therefore reduces costs and the associated waste. It could be a valuable tool for monitoring the safety and quality of beers.


PubMed | Dairy Research Institute IPLA CSIC
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2015

The idea of considering the gut microbiota as a virtual human organ has led to the concept of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), which has recently been extremely successful in the treatment of cases of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. Administration of safe, viable, and representative fecal microbiota is crucial for FMT. To our knowledge, suitable techniques and systematic conditions for separating the fecal microbiota from stool samples have not been thoroughly investigated. In this work we show the potential to separate stool microorganisms from the rest of fecal material using a procedure with a Nycodenz density gradient, yielding 10(10) viable bacteria per two grams of feces. This procedure did not affect the original microbiota composition in terms of viability, distribution and proportions, as assessed by a phylogenetic metagenomic approach. Obtaining the fecal microbiota by concentration and separation of the microorganisms from the rest of the stool components would allow the standardization of its recovery and its long-term preservation. FMT or similar microbiota restoration therapies could be used for the treatment of several disorders, or even for aesthetic purposes, so the method described in our work may contribute to the setting of the basis for the development of safe and standardized products.


PubMed | Dairy Research Institute IPLA CSIC
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Canadian journal of microbiology | Year: 2016

A selective culture medium containing acid-hydrolyzed gliadins as the sole nitrogen source was used in the search for sourdough-indigenous lactic acid bacteria (LAB) with gliadin-metabolizing activity. Twenty gliadin-degrading LAB strains were isolated from 10 sourdoughs made in different ways and from different geographical regions. Fifteen of the 20 isolated strains were identified as Lactobacillus casei, a species usually reported as subdominant in sourdough populations. The other 5 gliadin-degrading strains belonged to the more commonly encountered sourdough species Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Lactobacillus plantarum. All these strains were shown to be safe in terms of their resistance to antimicrobial agents. When individually incubated with the 2-gliadin-derived immunotoxic 33-mer peptide (97.5 ppm), half of the L. casei strains metabolized at least 50% of it within 24 h. One strain metabolized 82% of the 33-mer peptide within 8 h and made it fully disappear within 12 h. These results reveal for the first time the presence in sourdough of proteolytic L. casei strains with the capacity to individually metabolize the coeliac-disease-related 33-mer peptide.


A novel chromatographic method for the simultaneous analysis of nine biogenic amines, 21 amino acids and ammonium ions in beer has been recently described in A UHPLC method for the simultaneous analysis of biogenic amines, amino acids and ammonium ions in beer(Redruello et al., 2017) [1]. The present article provides recovery data of the 31 analytes after spiking four different beers with five concentrations of each analyte (15, 30, 60, 120 and 240M).

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