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Daegu, South Korea

Joo H.-S.,C and J Biotech | Ra K.S.,Daegu Technical College | Park H.S.,Catholic University of Daegu | Choi J.W.,Daegu University
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering | Year: 2013

Full-length cDNA encoding a fibrinolytic protease (PLFP) from the cDNA library of the polychaete, Periserrula leucophryna was cloned, sequenced and expressed in Escherichia coli. The entire cDNA of the PLFP clone was 921 bp (CDS: 41-837), including a coding nucleotide sequence of 798 bp, a 5′-untranslaed region of 40 bp, and a 3′-noncoding region of 83 bp. The ORF encoded a 265-amino acid polypeptide precursor consisting of a 36-residue signal sequence and a 229-residue mature polypeptide. The sequence alignment results of PLFP revealed sequence similarity with several fibrinolytic enzymes. Sequence analysis revealed a conserved catalytic triad of His78, Asp126 and Ser219 residues, suggesting that PLFP is a serine protease. Mature PLFP had an apparent molecular weight of approximately 25 kDa and was produced in inclusion bodies when expressed in E. coli. Substrate specificity results that recombinant PLFP was active towards Arg-X or Lys-X and did not hydrolyze substrates with nonpolar amino acids at the P1 site. Recombinant PLFP was strongly inhibited by typical serine protease inhibitors, further indicating that PLFP is a member of the serine protease family. PLFP was able to dissolve artificial plasminogenfree fibrin, and its fibrinolytic behavior was similar to that of plasmin. Taken these results together, PLFP is a new member of the fibrinolytic enzyme family with selective specificity on fibrin, and the availability of PLFP offers an attractive alternative approach for thrombolysis therapy because rPLFP is believed to have advantages over currently used plasminogen activators, that is, lower price and lower side effect. © 2013 The Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Bon K.,Daegu University | Suh H.J.,Korea University | Ra K.S.,Daegu Technical College | Choi J.W.,Daegu University
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2011

Cyclo(His-Pro) (CHP) is a naturally occurring, cyclic dipeptide structurally related to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH). CHP was efficiently obtained from soybean meal by hydrolysis with flavourzyme and alcalase. In this study, the effects of CHP on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced β-cell dysfunction and apoptosis were investigated in rat insulinoma cells (RINm5F) secreting insulin. When the RINm5F cells were treated with 2mM STZ, insulin secretion decreased to approximately 54% that of control cells. However, CHP treatment restored the insulin-secreting activity of RINm5F cells to approximately 71% that of the untreated control cells. Moreover, CHP significantly protected the cells from STZ-mediated cytotoxicity via reduction of nitric oxide (NO) production (2.3-fold) and lipid peroxidation (1.9-fold), which were induced by STZ. Moreover, CHP treatment also attenuated STZ-induced apoptotic events, such as activation of caspase-3, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage, and DNA fragmentation in RINm5F cells, indicating that CHP could protect the cells from apoptotic cell death induced by oxidative stress of STZ by increasing the expression of an anti-apoptotic protein, Bcl-2. These results suggest that CHP could be a candidate material for a protective and therapeutic agent against STZ-mediated cytotoxicity and apoptosis © 2009 by the Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology. Source

Moon Y.-H.,Kyungsung University | Jung I.-C.,Daegu Technical College
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition | Year: 2011

TMR (total mixed ration) feed was developed by adding mugwort (Artemisia capillaris Thunb.) and was fed to Hanwoo cattle. We investigated the effects of feeding mugwort on the physicochemical properties and sensory scores of the Hanwoo beef, as well as the feasibility of producing beef with high quality and function. Samples included Hanwoo loin fed with fattening cattle TMR feed with (treatment) or without mugwort (control). The content of total catechin in Hanwoo loin fed with the treatment and control was 0.516 and 0.307 mg/kg, respectively, while the content of epicatechin was 0.116 and 0.087 mg/kg, respectively, both of which were significant increase from feeding TMR with mugwort (p<0.05). There was no significant difference between the control and treatment in terms of b* value, VBN content, EDA, total bacterial numbers, freezing loss, thawing loss, cooking loss, hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess, chewiness, shear force, or sensory score of boiled meat. L*, a* and pH value for the treatment were significantly higher than the control (p<0.05). TBARS and springiness for the control were significantly higher than the treatment (p<0.05). The aroma of the raw meat and the taste, tenderness, juiciness, and palatability of the roasted meat for the treatment were significantly superior to the control (p<0.05). These results suggest that giving feed containing mugwort inhibits lipid oxidation, increases water holding capacity, and improve sensory scores. Source

Kim B.-G.,Yonsei University | Shin K.-S.,Kyonggi University | Yoon T.J.,Yuhan University | Yu K.-W.,Korea University | And 4 more authors.
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology | Year: 2011

We investigated ginsenoside transformation by fermentation of red ginseng with Lactobacillus plantarum M-2. We also examined the anti-metastasis and immune-stimulating activities of EtOH extracts of fermented red ginseng (FRG-E) in animal and human subjects. Total sugar decreased from 85.5 mg mL -1 to 44.1 mg mL -1 with increasing culture time during the fermentation with L. plantarum M-2. Uronic acid content reached a maximum level (534.3 μg mL -1) at 3 days of fermentation and decreased thereafter. Ginsenoside metabolites increased from 4,637.0 to 7,581.1 μg mL -1 after 4 days. The prophylactic intraperitoneal injection of FRG-E (500 μg mouse -1) inhibited lung metastasis about 81.1%, while the inhibitory effect against tumor metastasis by treatment of EtOH extract from non-fermented red ginseng (NFRG-E) was 66.9%. Immunoglobulin A (IgA) and G (IgG) levels in the serum of healthy subjects were higher after FRG-E administration than at baseline, whereas NFRG-E induced reductions of these variables related to immunity. At 1 week, the change in IgA level by FRG-E (5.14 mg mL -1) was significantly higher than that by NFRG-E (-14.50 mg mL -1; p<0.05). It was concluded that the immunological activities of FRG-E were higher than those of NFRG-E, indicating that fermentation helped enhance the immunological activities of red ginseng. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Ra K.S.,Daegu Technical College | Suh H.J.,Korea University | Choi J.W.,Daegu University
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering | Year: 2012

The effects of Cyclo (His-Pro) (CHP), a cyclic dipeptide structurally related to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), on glucose metabolism, blood insulin level, lipid profile, and the viability of pancreatic cells were investigated in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. The rats (Sprague-Dawley) with a blood glucose level above 300 mg/dL after induction with STZ (50 mg/kg of body weight) were considered to be diabetic and used for the treatment with CHP (4 mg/day/kg of body weight). The blood glucose level in the CHP-fed rats was reduced remarkably by approximately 56% as compared to the untreated diabetic group at 21 days of feeding. In an oral glucose tolerance test, blood glucose levels were restoredto baseline at 120 min after CHP treatment, although the levels increased significantly after 30 min. Plasma insulin levels in the CHP-treated group were also enhanced by 2-fold compared to the untreated group. Triglyceride and total cholesterol levels in CHP-treated rats almost returned to normal levels. Moreover, histological examination showed that CHP treatment restored impaired β-cells in the pancreas up to two-thirds of the normal level. The transcriptional level of C-reactive protein (CRP), used mainly as a marker of inflammation, was also restored mimicking normal level in the CHP-treated-group, suggesting that the β-cells destroyed by STZ were, at least in part, recovered. Accordingly, CHP was concluded to have an excellent hypoglycemic effect by lowering average plasma glucose levels, increasing insulin secretion, and restoring the viability of pancreatic β-cells in diabetic rats. We suggest that CHP might be a potential candidate to control Type I diabetes mellitus. © 2012 The Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering and Springer. Source

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