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Toledo-Solis F.J.,DACBIOL UJAT Villahermosa Mexico | Marquez G.,DACBIOL UJAT Villahermosa Mexico | Uscanga A.,Campusl de Mar UNICACH Tonala Mexico | Gurrero-Zarate R.,DACBIOL UJAT Villahermosa Mexico | And 4 more authors.
Aquaculture Nutrition | Year: 2015

Partial characterization of digestive proteases in the three-spot cichlid Cichlasoma trimaculatum juveniles was conducted. It was determined that there is higher alkaline proteases activity (3.95 ± 0.32 IU mg-1 protein) compared to acidic proteases (2.01 ± 0.57 IU mg-1 protein). Optimal temperature for alkaline proteases is 60 °C which resulted in more thermostability to temperature changes. On the other hand, optimal temperature for acidic proteases is 50 °C. Optimal pH for acidic proteases was pH 2, while for alkaline proteases, it was pH 10, which resulted in more stability in relation to pH changes than acidic protease. The use of specific inhibitors and the SDS-PAGE electrophoresis analysis revealed seven types of bands for alkaline proteases, which make evident the main presence of serine proteases. In acidic proteases, more than 98 g kg-1 of the activity was inhibited with pepstatin A inhibitor. Therefore, it is evident that C. trimaculatum digestion is composed by acidic and alkaline proteases; thus, it should be considered an omnivorous fish. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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