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Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France

Felice M.S.,Hospital de Pediatria Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan | Gallego M.S.,Cytogenetics | Alonso C.N.,Hospital de Pediatria Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan | Alfaro E.M.,Hospital de Pediatria Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan | And 5 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2011

Historically, t(1;19)(q23;p13.3) has been related to pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and associated with a poor prognosis. Current treatments have overcome this dismal outcome, but advantages in survival for the unbalanced group have been reported. We compared the outcome of balanced and unbalanced der(19)t(1;19) cases and also patients with t(1;19)/TCF3-PBX1 versus patients without this translocation, to assess its prognostic value. From January 1990 to December 2010, t(1;19)(q23;p13)/TCF3-PBX1 was detected in 48 cases. Patients were treated with Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM)-based protocols and classified into balanced (n=17) and unbalanced (n=23) groups. The probability of event-free survival (pEFS) (standard error) of patients with t(1;19)/TCF3-PBX1 was 85% (6%), for the unbalanced group 78% (10%), and 88% (8%) for the balanced. The pEFS of patients with t(1;19)/TCF3-PBX1 was significantly superior to that of patients without t(1;19)/TCF3-PBX1 (p-value<0.0001). Patients with t(1;19)/TCF3-PBX1 presented a good outcome with no differences between balanced and unbalanced subgr ups. Thus, risk-adjustment therapy would not be necessary for cases with t(1;19)/TCF3-PBX1. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd.

Anand G.,Oxford Radcliffe NHS Trust | Maheshwari N.,Oxford Radcliffe NHS Trust | Roberts D.,Oxford Radcliffe NHS Trust | Padeniya A.,Oxford Radcliffe NHS Trust | And 4 more authors.
Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology | Year: 2010

X-linked hereditary motor sensory neuropathy type 1 (CMTX 1) is caused by mutation in the GJB1 gene that codes for the connexin 32 protein. Central nervous system involvement with or without white matter changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has rarely been reported in this condition. We report the case of a 7-year-old, previously well male who presented with a stroke-like episode that manifested as left hemiparesis and dysphasia. An initial brain MRI showed white matter signal changes affecting the corpus callosum and periventricular areas with a posterior predominance. Our patient made a complete clinical recovery in 36 hours. Clinical examination at this stage showed no evidence of a peripheral neuropathy. A repeat brain MRI 6 weeks later showed almost complete resolution of the changes seen initially. Subsequent investigations showed a Val177Ala mutation in the GJB1 gene. This mutation has so far not been described in the Caucasian population and has been only described once before. Electrophysiological studies showed a mixed demyelinating and axonal sensorimotor neuropathy in keeping with CMTX 1. Five months after the initial presentation our patient developed clinical evidence of a peripheral neuropathy in the form of absent ankle reflexes, weak dorsiflexors, and evertors of both feet. © The Authors. Journal compilation © Mac Keith Press 2010.

Holgado E.,Molecular Genetics | Liddle S.,Molecular Genetics | Ballard T.,Cytogenetics | Levett L.,Molecular Genetics
Prenatal Diagnosis | Year: 2011

Objective: To review the frequency and analyse the origin of completely discrepant results observed between QF-PCR and karyotyping in chorionic villus samples (CVS) as a result of placental mosaicism. Also, to assess QF-PCR results for biallelic or triallelic patterns and determine their significance. Methods: Between May 2002 and December 2009, 22 825 CVS were received at TDL Genetics for processing by QF-PCR and karyotype. The QF-PCR and karyotype data were compared to determine the incidence of discrepant results. Results: Of the 22 825 samples received, 22 779 (99.8%) gave concordant results between the PCR and karyotype, and 46 samples (0.2%) gave discordant results. Of these discrepant cases, 5 displayed triallelic peaks and 41 displayed biallelic peaks. All discordant results are due to the presence of placental mosaicism, a known limitation of using this sample type for prenatal diagnosis. Conclusion: This retrospective study of placental mosaicism in CVS is the largest single centre study to date and provides a figure for the occurrence of completely discrepant results between QF-PCR and karyotype due to placental mosaicism. This study also demonstrates that the presence of triallelic peaks at QF-PCR is not sufficient to exclude the presence of placental mosaicism. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Best O.G.,Kolling Institute | Best O.G.,CLL Australian Research Consortium CLLARC | Singh N.,Cytogenetics | Forsyth C.,CLL Australian Research Consortium CLLARC | And 3 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology | Year: 2010

Inhibitors of heat-shockprotein 90 (Hsp90) have been proposed as a novel therapeutic option for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL), particularly as their mechanism of action appears independent of mutations of ATM or TP53. We investigated the activity of a novel Hsp90 inhibitor, SNX7081, against a panel of eight haematological cell lines and 23 CLL patient samples. SNX7081 displayed significant effects on cell cycle distribution, apoptotic rate and levels of ZAP-70 in the cell lines and in the patient samples, irrespective of TP53 status. Our findings suggest SNX7081 may represent a promising therapeutic option for aggressive CLL. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Barnett C.P.,South Australian Clinical Genetics Service | Mencel J.J.,South Australian Clinical Genetics Service | Gecz J.,Neurogenetics Program | Gecz J.,University of Adelaide | And 5 more authors.
American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A | Year: 2012

Mutations in the NK2 homeobox 1 gene (NKX2-1) cause a rare syndrome known as choreoathetosis, congenital hypothyroidism, and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (OMIM 610978). Here we present the first reported patient with this condition caused by a 14q13.3 deletion which is adjacent to but does not interrupt NKX2-1, and review the literature on this condition. The infant presented at 23 months with a history of developmental delay, hyperkinesia, recurrent respiratory infections, neonatal respiratory distress, and hypothyroidism. Choreiform movements and delayed motor milestones were first noted at 6-8 months of age. TSH levels had been consistently elevated from 8 months of age. The clinical presentation was suggestive of an NKX2-1 mutation. Sequencing of all exons and splice site junctions of NKX2-1 was performed but was normal. Array CGH was then performed and a 3.29Mb interstitial deletion at 14q13.1-q13.3 was detected. The distal region of loss of the deletion disrupted the surfactant associated 3 (SFTA3) gene but did disrupt NKX2-1. Findings were confirmed on high resolution SNP array and multiplex semiquanitative PCR. NKX2-1 encodes transcriptional factors involved in the developmental pathways for thyroid, lung, and brain. We hypothesize that the region centromeric to NKX2-1 is important for the normal functioning of this gene and when interrupted produces a phenotype that is typical of the choreoathetosis, congenital hypothyroidism, and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, as seen in our patient. We conclude that deletions at 14q13.3 adjacent to but not involving NKX2-1 can cause choreoathetosis, congenital hypothyroidism, and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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