Time filter

Source Type

Andreou E.,Cyprus Dietetic and Nutrition Association | Andreou E.,University of Nicosia | Papandreou D.,Cyprus Dietetic and Nutrition Association | Papandreou D.,Abu Dhabi University | And 13 more authors.
Primary Care Diabetes | Year: 2017

Obesity rates in Cyprus are very high and epidemiological information on type 2 diabetes mellitus is limited. The correlates of type 2 diabetes among adults remain unknown in the Cypriot population. Thus, the purpose of this study is to provide the first national estimate of the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and investigate its correlates. A randomly stratified nationally sample of 1001 adults aged 18-80 participated in the study. Only 950 subjects completed the study. All subjects were free of any diseases (known diabetes, kidney, liver), medication and supplementation. The overall prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes based on WHO criteria was 9.2% and 16.3%, respectively. After adjusting for age, energy intake, smoking and physical activity participants with obesity (BMI) (OR = 2.00, P. <. 0.001), waist circumference (WC) (OR = 2.08, P. <. 0.001), hypertension (HT) (OR = 1.99, P. <. 0.001) and hypercholesterolemia (HC) (OR = 2.07, P. <. 0.007) were most likely to develop T2DM compared with the normal ones. The odds of having diabetes were also found significant between subjects with high levels of triglycerides (TG) (OR = 1.49, P. <. 0.007), compared with the normal ones and between subjects with low levels of HDL (OR = 1.44, P. <. 0.008) compared with the ones with high levels of HDL. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Cyprus is relatively medium-high. However, the pre-diabetes rates are very high showing a promising increase toward total rates of type 2 diabetes. Obesity, HT, WC, TG, HC and low HDL are all strong correlates of type 2 diabetes. Healthy education programs should be initiated for young and older-aged people and those with described abnormal risk factors. © 2017 Primary Care Diabetes Europe.


Eleni A.,Cyprus Dietetic and Nutrition Association | Eleni A.,University of Nicosia | Dimitrios P.,Zayed University | Photos H.,University of Nicosia | And 12 more authors.
Experimental and Clinical Cardiology | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing all over the world and is accompanied by multiple cardiovascular risk factors. Anthropometrical indices are closely related with traditional cardiovascular risk factors. However, data is limited in healthy adults from Cyprus. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of different cardiovascular risk factors with anthropometrical indices in a healthy Cypriot population aged 18-80y. RESULTS: Age, Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference and Body Fat were positively correlated with SBP, DBP and Non-HDL in both sexes. In multiple regression analysis, BMI, WC and TBF were found to be independently associated with TG in the female group, (Beta: 0.009, %95 CI: 0.001-0.018, P<0.033), (Beta: 0.005, %95 CI: 0.002-0.008, P<0.01), (Beta: 0.003, %95 CI: 0.001-0.007, P<0.046), respectively. In the male group, age and BMI were the only variables that have been found to be independently associated with Non-HDL (Beta: 0.527, %95 CI: 0.209- 0845, P<0.01), (Beta: 0544, %95 CI: 0.44-1.045, P<0.033), respectively. CONLUSION: Non-HDL and triglycerides seem to be independently associated with various anthropometrical indexes. Public health awareness and nutrition education are needed in order to monitor these CV factors.


PubMed | Cyprus Dietetic and Nutrition Association, DNA Biomedical Science Laboratory, Agricultural University of Athens, University of Crete and 2 more.
Type: | Journal: Primary care diabetes | Year: 2017

Obesity rates in Cyprus are very high and epidemiological information on type 2 diabetes mellitus is limited. The correlates of type 2 diabetes among adults remain unknown in the Cypriot population. Thus, the purpose of this study is to provide the first national estimate of the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and investigate its correlates. A randomly stratified nationally sample of 1001 adults aged 18-80 participated in the study. Only 950 subjects completed the study. All subjects were free of any diseases (known diabetes, kidney, liver), medication and supplementation. The overall prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes based on WHO criteria was 9.2% and 16.3%, respectively. After adjusting for age, energy intake, smoking and physical activity participants with obesity (BMI) (OR=2.00, P<0.001), waist circumference (WC) (OR=2.08, P<0.001), hypertension (HT) (OR=1.99, P<0.001) and hypercholesterolemia (HC) (OR=2.07, P<0.007) were most likely to develop T2DM compared with the normal ones. The odds of having diabetes were also found significant between subjects with high levels of triglycerides (TG) (OR=1.49, P<0.007), compared with the normal ones and between subjects with low levels of HDL (OR=1.44, P<0.008) compared with the ones with high levels of HDL. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Cyprus is relatively medium-high. However, the pre-diabetes rates are very high showing a promising increase toward total rates of type 2 diabetes. Obesity, HT, WC, TG, HC and low HDL are all strong correlates of type 2 diabetes. Healthy education programs should be initiated for young and older-aged people and those with described abnormal risk factors.

Loading Cyprus Dietetic and Nutrition Association collaborators
Loading Cyprus Dietetic and Nutrition Association collaborators