Marília, Brazil
Marília, Brazil

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Pivatelli F.C.,Servico Of Hemodinamica E Cardiologia Intervencionista Do Hospital Of Base | Dos Santos M.A.,Servico Of Hemodinamica E Cardiologia Intervencionista Do Hospital Of Base | Fernandes G.B.,Curso de Enfermagem | De Abreu L.C.,Federal University of ABC | And 7 more authors.
International Archives of Medicine | Year: 2012

Background: Decreased heart rate variability (HRV) is related to higher morbidity and mortality. In this study we evaluated the linear and nonlinear indices of the HRV in stable angina patients submitted to coronary angiography. Methods. We studied 77 unselected patients for elective coronary angiography, which were divided into two groups: coronary artery disease (CAD) and non-CAD groups. For analysis of HRV indices, HRV was recorded beat by beat with the volunteers in the supine position for 40 minutes. We analyzed the linear indices in the time (SDNN [standard deviation of normal to normal], NN50 [total number of adjacent RR intervals with a difference of duration greater than 50ms] and RMSSD [root-mean square of differences]) and frequency domains ultra-low frequency (ULF) ≤ 0,003 Hz, very low frequency (VLF) 0,003 - 0,04 Hz, low frequency (LF) (0.04-0.15 Hz), and high frequency (HF) (0.15-0.40 Hz) as well as the ratio between LF and HF components (LF/HF). In relation to the nonlinear indices we evaluated SD1, SD2, SD1/SD2, approximate entropy (-ApEn), α1, α2, Lyapunov Exponent, Hurst Exponent, autocorrelation and dimension correlation. The definition of the cutoff point of the variables for predictive tests was obtained by the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve (ROC). The area under the ROC curve was calculated by the extended trapezoidal rule, assuming as relevant areas under the curve ≥ 0.650. Results: Coronary arterial disease patients presented reduced values of SDNN, RMSSD, NN50, HF, SD1, SD2 and -ApEn. HF ≤ 66 ms§ssup§2§esup§, RMSSD ≤ 23.9 ms, ApEn ≤-0.296 and NN50 ≤ 16 presented the best discriminatory power for the presence of significant coronary obstruction. Conclusion: We suggest the use of Heart Rate Variability Analysis in linear and nonlinear domains, for prognostic purposes in patients with stable angina pectoris, in view of their overall impairment. © 2012 Pivatelli et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


da Silva N.M.,Hospital do Circulo Operario | Waterkemper R.,Federal University of Health Sciences, Porto Alegre | da Silva E.F.,Curso de Enfermagem | Cordova F.P.,Area Tecnica de Saude da Crianca e Aleitamento Materno | Bonilha A.L.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
Revista brasileira de enfermagem | Year: 2014

This is a descriptive study, with a qualitative approach, aimed to identify the knowledge of puerperal women on exclusive breastfeeding. Data were collected between September-October 2011, through semi-structured interview. Thirteen puerperal women, interned in a rooming unit of a public institution in the city of Caxias do Sul-RS, participated in the study. Data analysis was performed using thematic analysis. From the interpretation of information three categories emerged: the knowledge about exclusive breastfeeding, the breastfeeding process and the influences of received information. Even getting information from health professionals in the prenatal period, it is possible to understand that there is a need to improve communication and monitoring of mothers, as a continuity of professional care in the postpartum period, and also later, in the remote.


Marin M.J.S.,Curso de Enfermagem | Oliveira M.A.C.,University of Sao Paulo | Otani M.A.P.,Curso de Enfermagem | Cardoso C.P.,Curso de Enfermagem | And 3 more authors.
Ciencia e Saude Coletiva | Year: 2014

The scope of this study is to identify contributions and limits of teaching-service integration between the School of Medicine of Marília and the Municipal Health Department of Marília for academia, for the health teams and for the community. The study involved cross-sectional research using a quantitative approach. A questionnaire with 20 affirmations structured around a Likert scale was applied to students, professors and collaborating professors with a total of 183 participants. A trend for a positive evaluation of teaching-service integration for professional education was revealed. As regards contributions of teaching-service integration to the community, the positive evaluation was close to 50%. The items referring to contributions to the health teams were the ones that had the highest number of negative responses. Data indicate that it is necessary to move forward such that teaching and service are considered interdependent processes with possibilities of joint reflections.


Gama G.G.G.,Curso de Enfermagem | Mussi F.C.,Federal University of Bahia | Pires C.G.S.,Federal University of Bahia | Guimaraes A.C.,Federal University of Bahia
Ciencia e Saude Coletiva | Year: 2012

The study described beliefs and behavior patterns related to causes and control measures of coronary artery disease (CAD). A hundred adults in an outpatient clinic in Salvador in the state of Bahia were interviewed. The results were analyzed via the qualitative analysis technique. It predominantly involved married and unemployed black men, aged <60 years, with low schooling and income. The average beliefs on the cause of CAD was 1.53 per participant and blamed behavioral, biological, relational and religious factors, and represented excesses related to dayto-day tensions and eating habits. Most of the participants did not consider the disease to be chronic and believed that treatment would be temporary and they would be cured. The average beliefs for control measures were of 1.45, with dietary measures and medication. A sedentary lifestyle was the norm and reducing smoking and alcohol, using less salt and saturated fat in the preparation of meals, consuming white meat, cooked and industrialized food was seen as the answer. Only 66% complied with medical prescriptions. Lack of understanding of the causes and control measures of CAD makes the implementation of medical care, better living and health conditions and self-care essential.


Margarido C.A.,Curso de Enfermagem | Villas Boas T.M.,Curso de Enfermagem | Mota V.S.,Curso de Enfermagem | da Silva C.K.,Curso de Enfermagem | Poveda Vd.e B.,University of Sao Paulo
Revista brasileira de enfermagem | Year: 2014

The study aimed to evaluate the bacterial contamination in lab coats worn by nursing students, before and after being worn in health care practices. A quantitative and descriptive study was carried out, in which the students' coats were collected, washed and ironed in a standardized way and wore for four hours in assistance activities. Subsequently, samples from the cuffs were collected with sterile cotton swabs in order to be incubated in order to analyze microbial growth through morphological analysis by Gram's Method and antibiogram. There was bacterial growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis in 50% of the collected samples and Staphylococcus aureus, found in patients with wounds in outpatient care, showed resistance to antibiotics such as Vancomycin, Chloramphenicol and Sulfonamides. The data demonstrated that the lab coats wore during assistance activities, even in short periods, are effectively contaminated by strains resistant to antibiotics and can potentially cause infection related to health care.


PubMed | University Feevale and Curso de Enfermagem
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Environmental science and pollution research international | Year: 2016

The evaluation of formaldehyde (FD) exposure in beauty salons, due to the use of hair straightening products, and its relation with genotoxicity biomarkers was performed in this study. Regardless of official recommendations, the inappropriate use of homemade hair creams has became a popular practice in Brazil, and high formaldehyde content in the progressive straightening creams can contain mutagens that could increase the incidence of neoplasia in those people who use them. Damage to DNA was assessed by conducting a micronuclei test (MNT) on buccal cells and the comet assay on heparinized venous blood samples. A total of 50 volunteers were recruited at six different beauty salons (labeled A to F). At two salons that used products that did not contain FD (salons D and E), environmental FD concentrations were 0.04 and 0.02 ppm. In contrast, the products used at salons A, B, C, and F contained 5.7, 2.61, 5.9, and 5.79% of FD, and these salons had environmental FD concentrations of 0.07, 0.14, 0.16, and 0.14 ppm, respectively. Comparison of the beauty salon workers from each of the six beauty salons revealed significant differences in urinary formic acid (FA) concentration before exposure (p=0.016), urinary FA after exposure (p=0.004), variation in FA concentration before and after exposure (p=0.018), environmental FD concentration (p<0.001), cytogenetic damage detected by the comet assay according to both damage index (p<0.001) and frequency of damage (p<0.001), and for karyorrhexis only according to the MNT (p=0.001).


Ferreira L.S.,Curso de Enfermagem | Pinho Md.o S.,Curso de Enfermagem | Pereira M.W.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Ferreira A.P.,Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Pesquisa
Revista brasileira de enfermagem | Year: 2014

Aging exposes the individuals to a number of limitations, such as the physical, nutritional and cognitive, which can cause them to hospitalization in long-stay institutions. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate to evaluate the cognitive profile of elderly institutionalized through three instruments. Sixty institutionalized elderly people in long-stay institutions underwent assessment through the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Trail Making Test and the Clinical Dementia Rating. It was found that the percentage of seniors with cognitive impairment by the MMSE was 30% of the sample, being more prevalent in women (36.2% of cognitive loss) compared to men (7.7% of cognitive loss). There was no consistency between the results obtained by the MMSE with the other instruments tested.


PubMed | Curso de Enfermagem
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P | Year: 2012

Considering the prevalence of arterial hypertension among the elderly, the present study analyzes their perception of health needs, in a qualitative way, from focal groups with elderly users of Family Health Units. Data analysis was performed according to the hermeneutic-dialectical perspective and resulted in three nuclei of meaning: recognizing the possibility of having access to basic health care together with the desire to consume services of greater complexity and understanding the shortcomings of the State; attachment and welcoming as fundamental elements in the feelings of support and security and autonomy permeated by the tranquility to deal with the disease and the difficulties imposed by conditions inherent to the subjects life style. Therefore, it is understood that the Family Health Strategy has been complying with its role in terms of the access to the healthcare system and regarding the professional-user attachment. However, health care continues to be centered on the disease rather than the individual.


PubMed | Curso de Enfermagem and State University of Ceará
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Revista brasileira de enfermagem | Year: 2015

to know the social representations of sexuality for the elderly, based on the Social Representation Theory.study performed in a Basic Family Health Unit in Maracanau-CE, Brazil, with 30 elderly adults. Data were collected from March through April of 2013, using the free word evocation technique. Data were organized and processed using the EVOC 2000.softwarethe subjects evoked 150 words associated with the evocator word sexuality. Out of these, 43 were different. At the possible core of the representation of sexuality for the elderly, the following words were found: love, affection and respect. Sex, companionship, understanding and coexistence composed the intermediate elements of representation.the performed analyses pointed to love, respect and affection as central elements that structured and organized the social representation of sexuality in the elder years for the group studied.


PubMed | Curso de Enfermagem
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P | Year: 2012

The objective of this study was to analyze the knowledge on nursing interventions for hospitalized stroke patients. An integrative literature review was performed by accessing five online databases, in September 2009. The descriptors used in the search were nursing care and stoke, in Portuguese, English and Spanish. A total 223 articles were found, and 12 were selected. It was found in the articles that there was a greater number of clinical nursing interventions, followed by educational, managerial and research interventions. Clinical interventions are more related to the biological aspects of patients. As to the educational interventions, the articles point at the fundamental role of nurses, as well as that of relatives and caregivers. The main managerial intervention was the coordination of health care. As for research interventions, only one was identified and described as the development and improvement of health care practice through clinical evidence.

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