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Baloch F.S.,Abant Izzet Baysal University | Derya M.,Cukurova University | Andeden E.E.,Cukurova University | Alsaleh A.,Cukurova University | And 3 more authors.
Biochemical Systematics and Ecology | Year: 2015

Even though lentil has been an important food legume for centuries, genetic studies in lentil are still in their infancy. Genetic diversity and relationships among wild Lens species from Turkey has seldom been investigated. Additionally, a limited number of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers have been developed for use in breeding and genetic studies of lentil crop. In this study, molecular characterization of 50 accessions mostly from Turkey, belonging to 6 wild and 1 cultivated Lens species, was performed using newly developed inter-primer binding site (iPBS) retrotransposons and inter-SSR (ISSR) markers. The 10 iPBS primers generated a total of 151 scorable bands, of which 150 were polymorphic (99.3%) with an average of 15.0 polymorphic fragments per primer. The 10 ISSR primers detected 138 scorable bands showing 100% polymorphism, with an average of 13.5 bands per primer. The average polymorphism information content (PIC) value for ISSR markers (0.97) was higher than that for iPBS markers (0.90). Lens orientalis was found to be the most diverse species, raising the possibility of wide crosses with cultivated species Lens culinaris. Cultivated varieties also showed high level of polymorphism, at 82.92% and 51.92% with ISSR and iPBS markers, respectively. Lens lamottei and Lens tomentosus were found as the least polymorphic species using both marker systems. The grouping of accessions and species within clusters were almost similar when iPBS and ISSR graphs were compared. Our data also suggested the role of iPBS-retrotransposons as '. a universal marker' for molecular characterization of wild and cultivated Lens species. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Ozer S.Sertac,Cukurova University | Karakoy T.,Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute | Toklu F.,Cukurova University | Baloch F.S.,Cukurova University | And 2 more authors.
Euphytica | Year: 2010

We examined the physical, physicochemical, and cooking properties of 91 kabuli chickpea landraces from Turkey, using two cultivars (İnci and İzmir-92) as controls. All landraces were grown under the same agroclimatic conditions to eliminate variance caused by genotype × environment interactions. There was high diversity among the landraces in the contents of protein (17.55-23.31%), fat (4.45-6.11%), ash (2.54-3.41%), fiber (2.03-4.18%), starch (41.76-49.07%), moisture (6.39-10.57%), 100-seed weight (25.03-51.67 g), hydration capacity (0.2585-0.6169 g/ml), swelling index (0.7207-1.1859), swelling capacity (0.15-0.32 ml seed-1), cooking time (33-72 min), and seed density (0.8450-1.4800 g/ml). Regional analysis of landraces showed significant differences with respect to nutritional characteristics and cooking parameters. There were also significant relationships between various seed quality and cooking parameters. Together, our results provide an initial step toward identification of chickpea landraces that may be useful for development of high-quality chickpea cultivars. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


Alemdar T.,Cukurova University | Yilmaz H.,Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances | Year: 2011

Technical efficiencies of cooperative member dairy farmers in Cukurova region were estimated with a stochastic frontier model. Effects of several factors on technical efficiency were analyzed. Farms were grouped based on their efficiency scores. Unit milk costs and gross margins per head cow were calculated for each farm group to give a sense what efficiency means in terms of some farm economic criteria. Concentrate feed and capital costs were found to have statistically significant contributions to milk production. Farm location, herd size, farming experience, on-farm feed growing, milking by equipment and grazing had effects on efficiency. However, only positive effect of farming experience and negative effect of grazing were statistically significant. Results show that 75% of the variation in milk production can be attributed to inefficiency. Mean efficiency score of the sample farms was estimated to be 68% implying there is plenty of scope to increase production under existing technology without incurring higher costs. Lower unit costs of milk and higher gross returns of efficient farmers show that technical efficiency is an important component of competitiveness. It was concluded that farmers should be encouraged and supported to increase use of concentrate feed and decrease share of grazing for obtaining higher milk yields. However, in the long run structural enhancements are required to transform small subsistence farms into more market oriented units. Economic analyses show that many farmers cannot cover full economic costs but they can still generate farm income since family labor does not incur cash costs. © Medwell Journals, 2011.


Bilgili U.,Uludag University | Uzun A.,Uludag University | Sincik M.,Uludag University | Yavuz M.,Uludag University | And 14 more authors.
Turkish Journal of Field Crops | Year: 2010

Two semi-leafless and four leafed pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes were evaluated for plant height, lodging scores, and forage yield in eight diverse locations with typical Mediterranean or Mediterranean-type climate in the 2001-2002 and 2002-2003 growing seasons. The genotypes used in this study were forage type with indeterminate growing habit. Significant differences among pea genotypes were found for all traits over years and locations. All interactions which related to G × E interaction showed significance (P>0.01) for all traits. The forage yield of the pea genotypes averaged 26605 kg ha-1 and the highest yield was obtained from the leafed genotype Urunlu. Its forage yield reached to 35970 kg ha-1 yield level at Samsun location.


Ozer S.,Cukurova University | Tumer E.,Cukurova University | Baloch F.S.,Cukurova University | Karakoy T.,Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment | Year: 2012

The objective of this study was to explore the extent of the variation for important seed traits present in a set of 28 field pea landraces collected from various regions of Turkey. A high level of variation was observed for the content of protein, crude fat, ash, fiber and starch. Seed weight, volume and density also varied markedly, as did hydration capacity, swelling index and cooking time. The capacity of the landraces to accumulate trace minerals (Cu, K, Ca, Mg, P and Zn) also varied. Trait correlations were established, although the genetic component of these remains uncertain pending multi- location testing. Landraces which produced either seed with high protein content or which had a short cooking time were identified. One of the high protein types also was a good accumulator of Zn, P and Mg. Our results provide an initial step toward the identification of field pea landraces that may be useful for the development of high-quality field pea cultivars.


Alta D.,Akdeniz University | Bilgili E.,Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute | Ertekin C.,Akdeniz University | Yaldiz O.,Akdeniz University
Applied Energy | Year: 2010

The present study aims to compare three different types of designed flat-plate solar air heaters, two having fins (Type II and Type III) and the other without fins (Type I), one of the heater with a fin had single glass cover (Type III) and the others had double glass covers (Type I and Type II). The energy and exergy output rates of the solar air heaters were evaluated for various air flow rates (25, 50 and 100 m3/m2 h), tilt angle (0°, 15° and 30°) and temperature conditions versus time. Based on the energy and exergy output rates, heater with double glass covers and fins (Type II) is more effective and the difference between the input and output air temperature is higher than of the others. Besides, it is found that the circulation time of air inside the heater played a role more important than of the number of transparent sheet. Lower air flow rates should be preferred in the applications of which temperature differences is more important. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Avci M.,Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute | Cinar S.,Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute | Yucel C.,Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute | Inal I.,Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute
Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment | Year: 2010

This research was conducted to determine performances of selected alfalfa lines in terms of dry matter yield and some quality parameters under Mediterranean conditions throughout the years 2006-2009. In the study, phenotypically superior 11 alfalfa lines and two standard cultivars were evaluated for dry matter yield (DMY), crude protein (CP), acid detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) concentrations, digestible dry matter (DDM) and dry matter intake (DMI). Correlation coefficient analysis for the traits studied was also performed to determine relationships between dry matter yield, plant height (PH) and quality traits. According to average of three years results, there were significant differences among alfalfa lines and cultivars in terms of above all mentioned components. Significant positive correlations were found between DMY and ADF, while negative correlations existed between NDF and DMI. Mean DMY, CP, ADF, NDF concentrations, DDM and DMI were 18.147 kg ha', 17.4%, 41.0%, 49.0%, 56.9% and 2.46, respectively. All lines and cultivars gave their highest DMY in the second year. The highest DMY averaged over three years was obtained from line 10, while lowest one was obtained from cultivar MA 414. Cultivar MA 414 and lines 8 and 11 were superior in terms of CP content, while lines 10 and 2 and cultivar MA 414 had lower ADF and NDF contents than the other alfalfa genotypes. It was concluded that lines 1, 2, 5-8 and 10 with higher DMY and relatively better or similar quality traits could be selected as components for establishment of new cultivars or start to a new source nursery as component of synthetics.


Gul M.,Suleyman Demirel University of Turkey | Bal T.,Suleyman Demirel University of Turkey | Yilmaz H.,Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute
African Journal of Agricultural Research | Year: 2010

In recent days, healthy and reliable food has become one of the most important issues. Therefore, social-economic situation and status of agrochemical firms which are important information sources for farmers are examined. In this study, the data obtained from the owners of agrochemical markets in Isparta province were investigated by survey method. Data were evaluated to investigate the employer structure, obtaining selling inputs and credit usage of the firms. 56.2% of these firms were in company form and 6 of them were wholesaler. The agrochemical firms in Isparta region are small scaled newly established and individually owned firms. Most of them operate with their own capital. Agrochemical markets were positively affected by the latest regulations about opening the new agrochemical firms. It may be said that this tendency will be better in the future and agricultural agrochemical firms will employ agricultural engineers. Agrochemical firms are important organizations to inform farmers for new methods and development. Firms were found conscious on the agricultural chemical usage, but the cooperation between the firms and agricultural organization was found to be weak. Level of knowledge about EUROGAP among firm owners was also low. In order to improve the interaction level of firms with other institution and organization, seminar and panels should be organized. The consciousness level of agrochemical firms about production techniques like IPM and EUROGAP were not found to be high. Organizing training programs to increase awareness is important. Information level of farmers about diseases in the region has not developed as desired yet. In the same way, in order to increase the level of knowledge and awareness of farmers, the training programs should be increased to reduce unconscious chemical usage. As a result, one should not forget that any improvement in agricultural drug stores will have reflection on producers as well. © 2010 Academic Journals.


Irmak S.,Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute | Cil A.N.,Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute | Cil A.,Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2011

This study was performed so as to do investigate in terms of yield and any of yield properties in peanut which is basic crop of different forms of microbial fertilizer and chemical fertilizer application regarding Çukurova Region of Turkey in 2008. The experimental design was randomized block with four replications. There are three meters spaces between each parcel and blocks. There were five different methods: zero doze control application, traditional fertilizing application (30 kg/ha (N), 80 kg/ha (P2O5). The other application were done with three different forms of microbial fertilizer; 3000 cc/ha Microbial fertilizer + 50 kg/ha sugar beet molasses, 3000 cc/ha Microbial fertilizer + 50 kg/ha sugar beet molasses + high fertilizer 1500 cc/ha Microbial fertilizer + 20 kg/ha sugar beet molasses and 3000 cc/ha Microbial fertilizer + % 25 traditional fertilizing application. The highest yield was 4504 kg/ha in 3000 cc/ha Microbial fertilizer + 50 kg/ha sugar beet molasses application and the least yield was determined as 3794 kg/ha in traditional fertilizer application.


Baylan M.,Mustafa Kemal University | Canogullari S.,Mustafa Kemal University | Ayasan T.,Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute | Copur G.,Mustafa Kemal University
Biological Trace Element Research | Year: 2011

We report the effects of time of storage, temperature, and supplementation with sodium selenite- and selenium-enriched yeast on the quality of quail eggs. For this study, 90 10-week-old female Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) with similar body size were caged individually and randomly divided into five groups of 18 quails each. One group was fed a normal diet and served as control. A second group was supplemented with 0.2 mg/kg sodium selenite (In-Se) and three groups supplemented with 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 mg/kg of a commercially available selenium-enriched yeast (O-Se1, O-Se2, and O-Se3, respectively). The eggs were collected at third and fourth weeks of the experiment and were stored at 40C and 20°C for 0, 15, 30, and 45 days. Extension of the storage time to 45 days at 20°C resulted in significant deterioration of egg quality. The albumen Haugh unit (HU), pH, albumen index, yolk index, and egg weight loss were the most important parameters influenced by the nature of the selenium sources, storage time, and temperature. Storage time and temperature were also significant for egg weight loss, HU, and albumen and yolk indexes. The results show that supplementation with selenium yeast significantly affected shell weight, shell thickness, HU, albumen index, yolk index, and pH. The HU decreased with increased storage time and temperature. Higher levels of Se-yeast administration resulted in greater HU compared to the selenite and control groups. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

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