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Fraga Vidal R.,Cuban Research Institute on Sugarcane By Products ICIDCA | Martinez A.,Cuban Research Institute on Sugarcane By Products ICIDCA | Moulis C.,INSA Toulouse | Moulis C.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | And 13 more authors.
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2011

The industrial Leuconostoc strain B/110-1-2 producing dextran and dextran derivatives was taxonomically identified by 16S rRNA as L. citreum. Its dextransucrase enzymes were characterized according to their cellular location and reaction specificity. In the presence of sucrose, the strain B/110-1-2 produced two cell-associated dextransucrases (31.54% of the total glucosyltransferase activity) with molecular weights of 160 and 240 kDa and a soluble dextransucrase (68.46%) at 160-180 kDa. Two open reading frames (ORF) coding for L. citreum strain B/110-1-2 dextransucrases were identified. One of them shared a 52% identity with the alternansucrase ASR of L. citreum NRRL B-1355 and with a putative annotated alternansucrase sequence found in the genome of L. citreum KM20. The structural analysis (HPAEC-PAD, HPSEC, and 13C-NMR) of the polymer and oligodextrans produced by the B/110-1-2 dextransucrases suggest this novel glucansucrase has specificity similar to a dextransucrase but not to an alternansucrase, producing a soluble linear dextran with glucose molecules linked mainly in α-1,6 and α-1,3 with α-1,4 branches. These results enhance the understanding of this industrially significant strain and will aid in distinguishing between physiologically similar Leuconostoc spp. strains. © 2011 Society for Industrial Microbiology. Source


Gonzalez T.,Cuban Research Institute on Sugarcane By Products ICIDCA | Eng F.,Cuban Research Institute on Sugarcane By Products ICIDCA | Fraga R.,Cuban Research Institute on Sugarcane By Products ICIDCA | Fonseca J.,Cuban Research Institute on Sugarcane By Products ICIDCA | Amores I.,Cuban Research Institute on Sugarcane By Products ICIDCA
Journal of Applied Genetics | Year: 2013

The glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase promoter of the food yeast Candida utilis strain NRRL Y-660 was cloned to create a novel integrative vector for Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. The new binary vector harbors β-glucuronidase activity as reporter and kanamicin/geneticin resistance as selection marker. Recombinant clones of A. tumefaciens show kanamycin resistance and high β-glucuronidase activity under the control of the C. utilis promoter. This finding can be explained by the presence of a prokaryotic core in the yeast promoter, predicted by in silico analysis of the sequence. This is the first report about functionality of a yeast promoter in A. tumefaciens. © 2013 Institute of Plant Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan. Source

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