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Cabrils, Spain

Oveja M.F.,Ctra. Cabrils km 2 | Riudavets J.,Ctra. Cabrils km 2 | Arno J.,Ctra. Cabrils km 2 | Gabarra R.,Ctra. Cabrils km 2
BioControl | Year: 2015

The objectives of our research were to determine the effect of supplementary food on the dispersion of the predatory bugs Macrolophus pygmaeus (Hemiptera: Miridae), Orius laevigatus and O.majusculus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) when released on a pest-infested or non-infested cucumber crop and to evaluate the effectiveness of O.majusculus, released together with the addition of supplemental food, on thrips control. The addition of dry Artemia sp. cysts as supplemental food to the plant where predators were released did not influence their dispersion from the release plant. Predators dispersed to the infested plants despite the provision of supplemental food on the release patch. In addition, in a greenhouse experiment, predator populations increased quicker when supplemental food was provided, resulting in a better thrips control. Altogether, our results suggest that the addition of supplemental food in the patch where predators are released may be beneficial for pest control in greenhouse cucumber crops. © 2015 International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC) Source

Arno J.,Ctra. Cabrils km 2 | Sola M.,Ctra. Cabrils km 2 | Riudavets J.,Ctra. Cabrils km 2 | Gabarra R.,Ctra. Cabrils km 2
Journal of Pest Science | Year: 2016

In Northeast Spain, the invasive Drosophilidae species Drosophila suzukii has become an important agricultural pest, mainly of strawberries and cherries. To improve sustainable management practices, we conducted field surveys and laboratory trials to better understand the pest ecology, identify non-crop hosts, and assess the effect of strawberry variety and fruit ripening stage on the D. suzukii development. Our results confirmed that D. suzukii adults are active during the winter, and adult populations peaked in spring and autumn. From January to June, adult captures were female-biased, and more females had more mature eggs compared with the period of September–December. We found several non-crop hosts of this pest that are common in Mediterranean forests and margins that can provide food and reproduction resources for D. suzukii population growth. These hosts were Bryonia cretica, Prunus mahaleb, Rosa canina, Rubus ulmifolius, Sambucus nigra, Solanum chenopodioides, Solanum dulcamara, and Solanum nigrum. No-choice and choice laboratory trials demonstrated that D. suzukii was able to oviposit in red, blush, or green strawberry fruits but, host suitability of different ripeness stages varied with variety. Data provided may be useful for predicting the risk of pest damage in a specific cropping area, in designing effective D. suzukii management programs and in hindering D. suzukii population growth. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Source

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