CT Institute of Engineering Management and Technology

Jalandhar, India

CT Institute of Engineering Management and Technology

Jalandhar, India

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Singh H.P.,CT Institute of Engineering Management and Technology | Sharma A.,CT Institute of Engineering Management and Technology
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2014

The efficiency of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) depends on the routing protocols used, since routing protocol provide the best possible data transmission route from sensor nodes to sink to save energy of nodes in the network. The clustering schemes enhance the network lifetime, raise the scalability and reduce the energy consumption of the sensor network. The work in this paper presents the comparative analysis of the energy efficient routing protocols for WSN such as SEP, TSEP and DSEP. The optimized routing protocol has been proposed on the basis of the network life time, stability and cluster head selection for efficient working of the sensor networks. © Springer India 2014.


Parkash S.,CT Institute of Technology and Research | Sharma A.,CT Institute of Technology and Research | Singh H.,CT Institute of Technology and Research | Singh H.P.,CT Institute of Engineering Management and Technology
Advances in Optical Technologies | Year: 2016

We successfully demonstrate 40 GB/s 8 channels' Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) over free space optical (FSO) communication system. Each channel is transmitting 5 GB/s data rate in downstream separated by 0.8 nm (100 GHz) channel spacing with 1.8 GHz filter bandwidth. DWDM over FSO communication system is very effective in providing high data rate transmission with very low bit error rate (BER). The maximum reach of designed system is 4000 m without any compensation scheme. The simulation work reports minimum BER for Return-to-Zero (RZ) modulation format at different channels 1, 4, and 8 are found to be 2.32e-17, 1.70e-16, and 9.51e-15 at 4000 m distance, respectively. Sharp increase in BER occurs if data rate and distance increase up to 10 GB/s and 5000 m. Copyright © 2016 Sooraj Parkash et al.


Devi P.,CT Institute of Engineering Management and Technology | Singh G.P.,Center for Development of Advanced Computing of India | Singh B.,Center for Development of Advanced Computing of India
Communications in Computer and Information Science | Year: 2011

Multiplication is a fundamental operation in most arithmetic computing systems. Multipliers are indispensable part of DSP processing, FFT, convolution and many more areas where computation is required. In this paper an improved optimized design of 32-bit unsigned array multiplier with low power and reduced area is proposed. The power dissipation of optimized multiplier design is reduced by 3.82 percent and more than 30 percent as compared to multipliers using ripple carry and carry select adders. The area reduction is highly achieved by reducing the gate count. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.


Kumar N.,CT Institute of Engineering Management and Technology | Sachdeva A.,National Institute of Technology Jalandhar | Singh L.P.,National Institute of Technology Jalandhar | Tripathi H.,Global Institute of Management and Emerging Technologies
International Journal of Machining and Machinability of Materials | Year: 2016

Surface finish and dimensional accuracy are ever in demand because of strong influence of these characteristics on major functional properties like friction, fatigue strength, wear resistance, load carrying capacity, and corrosion resistance of any materials. In the present work the effect of burnishing process parameters like burnishing condition, burnishing speed, feed, depth of penetration, number of passes is investigated on the surface roughness and hardness of C40E steel. Taguchi design of experiment is used for present experimentation. Taguchi's L18 mixed orthogonal array is used for optimisation of input parameters and analysis of variance (ANOVA) is employed for concluding vital and fruitful results. Investigation reveals that minimum surface roughness value of .129 μm at wet burnishing condition .557 rpm speed, .06 mm/rev feed, 1.5 mm depth of penetration and double pass of tool and optimised surface hardness 94 HRB at dry burnishing condition, 371 rpm speed, 0.11 mm/rev feed, 1.5 mm depth of penetration and third pass of tool is obtained. ©2016 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.


Singh G.,Punjab Institute of Technology | Choudhary P.,CT Institute of Engineering Management and Technology | Sharma V.,CT Institute of Engineering Management and Technology
Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering | Year: 2015

With the wide spread popularity of internet in the field of entertainment industry, online games emerged as one of the biggest sources of entertainment. Many players all over the globe play online and compete against each other. But unfortunately not all players playing online games are honest. Some players use unfair means to have advantage over the others, the use of bot is the one among them. In this paper we will purpose a new Artificial Intelligent System which makes use of both hardware and software to identify the bots and to stop them from playing the game. Later in the paper we discussed how this technique is better than the existing techniques and what more should be done in order to stop bots from playing online games. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015.


Singh A.,CT Institute of Engineering Management and Technology | Singh S.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation | Year: 2014

This paper presents a linear polarized aperture coupled inverted U-slot patch antenna with small steps at the edges. The proposed design exhibits wideband behavior, acceptable return loss, VSWR, gain, small size, and less complexity. The theoretical analysis is based on the finite element method (FEM). This design has wide bandwidth, good return loss, VSWR, and radiation characteristics by implanting the inverted U-shaped stepped slots on a single aperture coupled patch. The proposed antenna design shows the measured return loss within acceptable range throughout the band (11.08 GHz-13.25 GHz) and maximum return loss is achieved with proper impedance matching. In this paper, the design considerations are presented and results are validated by the calculated and measured parameters. Copyright © 2014 A. Singh and S. Singh.


Singh A.,CT Institute of Engineering Management and Technology | Singh S.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology
AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications | Year: 2015

This paper deals with modified Sierpinski fractal wideband antenna design. As research in the field of antenna design has already established, therefore it is exceptional that a novel approach is used over conventional antenna design methods to optimize the existing Sierpinski fractal antenna. The implemented antenna exhibits the broadband behaviour in the frequency bands of 12.2-13.4GHz and 21-30GHz in which it follows S11< -10 dB all through the frequency bands. The measured peak gains within the specified frequency bands vary from 8 to 22 dB. This high gain is achieved by employing the modifications to the initial Sierpinski geometry. The experimental and measured results of the modified coaxial probe fed Sierpinski fractal antenna are also presented. Experimental results are also validated. © 2015 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.


Singh A.,CT Institute of Engineering Management and Technology | Singh S.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications | Year: 2015

Abstract Terahertz technology opened its wings toward the partially explored electromagnetic spectrum (30-10,000 GHz). This paper presents a novel trapezoidal shape microstrip patch antenna for terahertz regime applications. A thin microstrip line is used to provide the coupling between source and antenna. The proposed antenna is developed to be utilized in the frequency band of 0.88-1.62 THz for high speed applications. The performance of patch antenna is limited due to surface leaky waves beneath; therefore workability of the patch antenna is enhanced by employing photonic crystals in the thick dielectric substrate. It is observed that the return loss, VSWR and gain achieved show enormous improvement. The proposed antenna exhibits a wider bandwidth ranging between 1.2 THz and 1.62 THz. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.


Singh A.,CT Institute of Engineering Management and Technology | Singh S.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology
AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications | Year: 2014

This paper presents a novel printed monopole antenna with defective ground structure for worldwide interoperability for wireless communication. The basic design comprises of a monopole patch with co-planar ground plane which exhibits the impedance bandwidth (S11 ≤ -10dB) of 3.18GHz (from 3.32-6.50 GHz) and the peak gain throughout the frequency band is 4.5 dB. The initial design is further modified to enhance the impedance bandwidth and gain by employing a defective ground structure in the co-planar ground plane of the monopole patch. The measured bandwidth for return loss S11 ≤ -10dB is 2.44-2.58 GHz and 3.5-8.85 GHz which cover all the WLAN (2.4/5.2/5.8 GHz) bands, WiMAX (2.5/3.5/5.5 GHz) bands and point to point (5.925-8.5 GHz) high speed wireless applications as per ECC and FCC frequency standards. The experimental and simulated results of a novel CPW-fed (coplanar waveguide) printed monopole antenna with DGS (defective ground structure) are reported here. © 2014 Elsevier GmbH.


Sharma N.,CT Institute of Engineering Management and Technology | Mittal H.M.,National Institute of Technology Jalandhar
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research | Year: 2014

A four parameter formula has been applied to superdeformed (SD) bands of A=190 mass region to obtain the band moment of inertia. The measured Qt values and hence the axes ratios have been used to calculate the rigid body J0 values and compare with the fitted values of J0. On an average, both the J0 values follow the expected A5/3 trend in all the cases. However, the J0 values obtained from fitting of the SD bands in A=190 mass region exhibit considerable spread in many cases which points towards the presence of structural effects in these SD bands. © Research India Publications.

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