Kaduna, Nigeria
Kaduna, Nigeria

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Aina V.O.,CST Kaduna Polytechnic | Sambo B.,Kaduna Polytechnic | Zakari A.,CST Kaduna Polytechnic | Hauwa Haruna M.S.,CST Kaduna Polytechnic | And 3 more authors.
Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2012

Various nutrients in Vitis vinifera (Grape) grown in Bomo village, Zaria were analyzed. These include carbohydrate, lipids, Moisture Fibre, Ash, proteins and Minerals such as Ca, Fe, Cd. The Macro-Kjeldhal method was used for protein determination, soxhlet extraction for fat and Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer for mineral element determination. Anti-Nutrients determined were Oxalate, Phytic Acid and Cyanogenic Glycosides. The result showed that moisture content was 81.50%, lipid 0.18 and 0.44% ppm for calcium. The concentration of the anti-nutrient agreed with the WHO standard which was not harmful enough to prevent consumption of the fruit. © Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2012.

Inuwa H.M.,ABU Zaria | Aina V.O.,ABU Zaria | Gabi B.,CST Kaduna Polytechnic | Aimola I.,ABU Zaria | Toyin A.,CST Kaduna Polytechnic
Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2011

The research was aimed at determining the degree of antinutritional factors in palm oil and groundnut oil and to know the effect of these factors on the nutritional value of these oils and to know the possible preventive measures. Antinutritional factors are substances found in most food substances which are poisonous to humans and in some ways limit the nutrient availability to the body. The groundnut oil and palm oil were extracted using the soxhlet extraction method. Oxalate and phytate were determined using titration method and aflatoxin was determined using thin layer chromatography. Tannin, trypsin inhibitor, cyanogenic glycosides, hemagglutinin and alkaloids were determined using different procedures. The lethal level of anti-nutritional factors is 50-60 mg/kg for cyanogenic glycosides and phytate and 2.5 g/kg for oxalate and trypsin inhibitor, the lethal doses of these substances were higher compared to the amount that can be possibly found in a food substance at a time from the findings of this research work, groundnut oil contains a higher concentration of the analyzed anti-nutritional factors compared to palm oil. © Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2011.

Abdulmalik I.A.,C.S.T. Kaduna Polytechnic | Abdulmalik I.A.,Ahmadu Bello University | Sule M.I.,Ahmadu Bello University | Musa A.M.,Ahmadu Bello University | And 4 more authors.
African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines | Year: 2011

This study was undertaken to investigate the leaf part of the plant for analgesic and anti-inflammatory. The ethanol extract of Ficus iteophylla leaves (100, 200, and 400mgkg-1, i.p) was evaluated for analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities. The analgesic effect was studied using acetic acid-induced abdominal constriction and hot plate test in mice, while the antiinflammatory effect was investigated using carrageenan induced paw oedema in rats. The ethanol extract at 100mgkg-1, 200mgkg-1, and 400mgkg-1 significantly (P< 0.05) inhibited acetic acid induced writhes by 1.50 ± 0.43, 3.0 ± 0.82 and 1.0 ± 0.82 respectively. It also exhibited significantly (P< 0.05) anti-inflammatory by 0.11 ± 0.02, 0.11 ± 0.03, 0.08 ± 0.01 respectively. The preliminary phytochemical screening of the plant extract revealed the presence of flavonoids, steroids, tannins and saponins while the effect of flavonoids, steroids and tannins on analgesic and inflammatory has been reported. The intraperitoneal median lethal dose (LD50) value of the extract was found to be 3807.8 mgkg-1 body weights. The result obtained from this study shows that the extract of Ficus iteophylla contained phytochemical constituents with analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities, therefore the leaf part of the plant could be used in the management of pain and inflammatory conditions. © African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines.

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