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Madarasz V.,CSA Standards
Society of Petroleum Engineers - Carbon Management Technology Conference 2012

An increasing number of organizations and governments are responding to the challenges of climate change by introducing programs to report and, ultimately, reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Some programs are voluntary and focus solely on GHG reporting or provide a platform for GHG reduction and removal projects, while others are mandatory and require certain types of facilities or industries to report. Taking a proactive leadership position on climate change is becoming an essential component of good corporate social responsibility, especially as businesses prepare themselves for a future regulated carbon environment. Many institutional investors are requesting carbon footprint data and using the information in assessing the risk of investments in sectors or companies. Green procurement is also becoming more and more commonplace across the supply chain as organizations start to direct expenditures toward suppliers that are taking proactive steps to reduce their carbon footprint. Many businesses recognize that reducing GHG emissions is a long-term commitment and are choosing to take immediate responsibility for their emissions by balancing them with the purchase of an equivalent amount of credible carbon offsets. However, the success of any carbon reporting or reduction programs, whether mandatory or voluntary, will depend heavily on the accuracy and transparency of the reported data, especially as new standards and best practices are adopted. One of the major challenges in carbon accounting stem, in part, from the wide array of GHG quantification and verification standards, protocols and methodologies that a professional must be familiar with. The field of carbon accounting began to evolve in the late 1980's and early 1990's with the work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The first set of guidelines for national governments to estimate their country's GHG emissions became the basis of the GHG monitoring and accounting guidance that was adopted by the international negotiators in Kyoto in 1997 as part of the Kyoto Protocol (UNFCCC, 1998). As the national inventory and project level GHG accounting guidance developed, a set of standards for corporate GHG accounting was published by the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD). This standard, known as the GHG Protocol, was the first to provide requirements and guidance on how emissions should be accounted for in a corporate GHG inventory. In addition, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) developed complementary standards, the ISO 14064 series, which provide requirements and guidance for organizational GHG inventories, GHG emissions reduction or removal projects and GHG validation and verification. One of the major concerns for businesses and GHG programs is the level of confidence they have in the staff and/or consultants who quantify, monitor, report and verify GHG data. One of the ways to support emerging programs and mitigate these concerns is to engage qualified practitioners who have demonstrated competencies through an independent, third-party personnel certification program, especially one that has been developed in accordance with ISO 17024, the international standard that is used to validate personnel certification programs. Copyright 2012, Carbon Management Technology Conference. Source

Rondeau C.,Spectrum | Steenhof P.,CSA Standards
26th Electric Vehicle Symposium 2012, EVS 2012

This paper presents an overview of the efforts of Canadian Standards Association regarding the development of North American Harmonized Requirements for the electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE). We discuss three areas of focus: identifying and addressing the immediate needs of industry stakeholders in the North American market; addressing expected changes in technologies and advancements in existing technologies; and finally, understanding the international standards landscape and the role of North American harmonized standards and related needs for harmonization at the international level. The issue and success of harmonization of EV standards is important in helping support and maintain compatibility between jurisdictions. This is especially true in the highly integrated North American market, and also in terms of helping to position North American producers as leaders and innovators globally. Source

Boileau P.,CSA Standards
Proceedings of the Air and Waste Management Association's Annual Conference and Exhibition, AWMA

As North America and the world move toward policies to reduce carbon emissions, the capture and storage of CO 2 presents an effective option for large-scale reductions in CO 2 emissions from the use of energy. A discussion on CO 2 capture and storage covers the need for standardization of regulatory frameworks for greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction efforts; technical feasibility concerns; complex regulatory and public perception issues to overcome before carbon capture and storage (CCS) will be accepted and used by industries and markets; possible expansion of component-related standards, e.g., oil and gas pipeline systems; current standards, codes, and regulation framework for CCS; regulations associated with new projects; and how the risks associated with CCS can be mitigated by a strong framework of public standards and regulations. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 103rd AWMA Annual Conference and Exhibition (Calgary, Alberta, Canada 6/22-25/2010). Source

Steenhof P.,CSA Standards | Weber C.,CSA Standards | Brooks M.,IDeal Consulting | Spence J.,RackForce Networks | And 9 more authors.
Sustainable Computing: Informatics and Systems

In this article we present a protocol which has been developed for the purposes of providing guidance for estimating the emission reductions that could result from the provision or sourcing of low or zero carbon information and communication technology (ICT) services. This is an increasingly important topic not only because ICT has growing environmental impacts, but also due the technical complexities which underlie the delivery of ICT as a service, especially in respect of the growing use of cloud computing and the provision of ICT services over the internet. The protocol can be used both for creating emission reductions for carbon trading, and the quantification and reporting of related low or zero carbon ICT initiatives within corporate sustainability reports. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Brown S.,CSA Standards | Pyke D.,CSA Standards | Steenhof P.,CSA Standards
Energy Policy

After nearly a century with the internal combustion engine dominating the personal transportation sector, it now appears that the electric vehicle is on the verge of experiencing rapid growth in both developed and developing vehicle markets. The broad-scale adoption of the electric vehicle could bring significant changes for society in terms of not only the technologies we use for personal transportation, but also moving our economies away from petroleum and lessoning the environmental footprint of transportation. This article investigates the role of standards, related training and certification for the electric vehicle. It is argued that the potential for the electric vehicle will be stunted without adequate attention being paid to standards, not only in terms of the speed of its uptake and smoothness of this transition, but also in terms of maintaining compatibility between jurisdictions, safety of the public, and helping to ensure environmental sustainability. We highlight a number of areas where new or adaptations of current standards, training and certification may be needed, notably in terms of batteries and charging infrastructures, electricity distribution and accounting for the environmental characteristics of this electricity, and different aspects of vehicle-to-grid and smart grid technologies. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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