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Site: http://phys.org/space-news/

The principal investigator, Samuel Harvey Moseley will lead the team to develop the High Resolution Mid-InfrarEd Spectrometer (HIRMES). The team consists of co-investigators from Space Dynamics Lab, Precision Cryogenic Systems, Inc., University of Michigan, University of Maryland, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Johns Hopkins University, Space Telescope Science Institute, Cornell University and University of Rochester. Moseley and his team will construct HIRMES over the next two and one-half years with flights on board SOFIA slated for spring 2019. At that time, this unique research asset will also be made available for use by the larger astronomical community. "HIRMES will help researchers determine the location of the raw materials that are the building blocks of life and how their position within the interstellar medium helps planetary systems, like our own solar system, evolve," said Hashima Hasan, SOFIA program scientist at NASA Headquarters in Washington, D.C. "HIRMES builds upon Moseley's long history of superior instrument design. Included among his many achievements is the development of the microshutter arrays for the James Webb Space Telescope's near-infrared spectrometer." The HIRMES spectrometer is optimized to detect neutral atomic oxygen, water, as well as normal and deuterated (or "heavy") hydrogen molecules at infrared wavelengths between 28 and 112 microns (a micron is one-millionth of a meter). These wavelengths are key to determining how water vapor, ice, and oxygen combine at different times during planet formation, and will enable new observations of how these elements combine with dust to form the mass that may one day become a planet. HIRMES will provide scientists with a unique opportunity to study this aspect of planetary formation, as SOFIA is currently the only NASA observatory capable of accessing these mid-infrared wavelengths. Infrared wavelengths between 28 and 112 microns will not reach ground-based telescopes because water vapor and carbon dioxide in the Earth's atmosphere block this energy. SOFIA is able to access this part of the electromagnetic spectrum by flying between 39,000 feet and 45,000 feet, above more than 99 percent of this water vapor. NASA anticipates soliciting proposals for the next (fourth generation) instrument on SOFIA in 2017. Explore further: GREAT spectrometer readied for flight on SOFIA


Ogata M.,Cryogenic Systems | Mizuno K.,Cryogenic Systems | Arai Y.,Cryogenic Systems | Hasegawa H.,Cryogenic Systems | And 2 more authors.
Quarterly Report of RTRI (Railway Technical Research Institute) (Japan) | Year: 2010

Rare earth high-temperature superconducting wire (RE wire) has electrical and mechanical properties superior to those of conventional superconducting wire. It was clarified that a superconducting magnet with a simpler structure and higher reliability than the conventional type could be achieved for maglev system by applying this type of wire. A characteristic test was then carried out for RE wire, and an electric properties test was run on a trial coil of the wire in a small racetrack shape. The electrical properties of RE wire formations varying from a single wire shape to a wound coil shape were thus confirmed. The results obtained are expected to be useful to allowing the application of RE wire to superconducting magnet for maglev system. Source


Seino H.,Cryogenic Systems | Hasegawa H.,Cryogenic Systems | Ikeda M.,Shibaura Institute of Technology | Nagashima K.,Cryogenic Systems | Murakami M.,Shibaura Institute of Technology
Quarterly Report of RTRI (Railway Technical Research Institute) (Japan) | Year: 2010

We are currently developing a superconducting magnetic bearing and a non-contact permanent magnetic clutch applicable to flywheel energy storage systems for railways. This paper reports on electromagnetic force analysis concerning these developments. In the analysis, the electromagnetic force generated in superconducting magnetic bearings and non-contact permanent magnetic clutches was estimated based on the magnetic field distribution ascertained through 3D numerical analysis. The validity of this analysis was then evaluated by comparing the results with experimental outcomes, and the two were found to be consistent. It was therefore confirmed that the analysis was an effective way of estimating the electromagnetic force of electromagnetic equipment containing the bulk superconductor for use in application design. Source

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