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Yanggu, South Korea

Ki T.,Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory | Jeong S.,Cryogenic Engineering Laboratory
International Journal of Thermal Sciences | Year: 2015

A stable instrument with the minimum void volume is developed for real-time measurement of physical conditions in Stirling-type pulse tube refrigerator. From the measured physical conditions, the energy flows are identified, so that we can precisely know the non-equilibrium energy conversion process in two Stirling-type pulse tube refrigerators. The results of this paper are the experimental results that are obtained from actual Stirling-type pulse tube refrigerator configurations. The proposed method can be useful for clarifying the energy conversion process and analyzing the tendency of physical conditions in cryogenic systems. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.


Jeong S.,Cryogenic Engineering Laboratory
Cryogenics | Year: 2014

This paper reviews AMR (Active Magnetic Regenerative) refrigeration technology for low temperature applications that is a novel cooling method to expand the temperature span of magnetic refrigerator. The key component of the AMR system is a porous magnetic regenerator which allows a heat transfer medium (typically helium gas) to flow through it and therefore obviate intermittently operating an external heat switch. The AMR system alternatingly heats and cools the heat transfer medium by convection when the magneto-caloric effect is created under varying magnetic field. AMR may extend the temperature span for wider range than ADR (Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerator) at higher temperatures above 10 K because magneto-caloric effects are typically concentrated in a small temperature range in usual magnetic refrigerants. The regenerative concept theoretically enables each magnetic refrigerant to experience a pseudo-Carnot magnetic refrigeration cycle in a wide temperature span if it is properly designed, although adequate thermodynamic matching of strongly temperature-dependent MCE (magneto-caloric effect) of the regenerator material and the heat capacity of fluid flow is often tricky due to inherent characteristics of magnetic materials. This paper covers historical developments, fundamental concepts, key components, applications, and recent research trends of AMR refrigerators for liquid helium or liquid hydrogen temperatures. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Seo M.,Cryogenic Engineering Laboratory | Jeong S.,Cryogenic Engineering Laboratory
Cryogenics | Year: 2010

Self-pressurization phenomenon is one of the most important problems in the storage of cryogenic liquid. Until now, it has been difficult to predict exact pressurization process due to its complex non-equilibrium thermal behavior. This paper analyzes the self-pressurization with the trend of pressurization curves from experiment using liquid nitrogen with various heat leaks and liquid fractions. The trend of pressurization curves are classified on the basis of shape of pressurization curve. The qualitative relation between transient period, heat leak and liquid fractions is suggested. Thermal diffusion model (TDM) considering thermal stratification and thermal equilibrium model (TEM) can properly predict the respective pressurization curves with suitable condition for each model. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Ki T.,Cryogenic Engineering Laboratory | Jeong S.,Cryogenic Engineering Laboratory
Cryogenics | Year: 2010

A single-stage inline pulse tube refrigerator (PTR) with tapered slit-type heat exchangers utilized as the aftercooler and the cold end heat exchanger has been designed, fabricated and investigated. Simple energy conservation equation is applied for the design of the tapered slit-type heat exchangers with which the PTR is optimized. The air-cooled aftercoolers with different slit configurations have been compared in this paper with regard to its cooling capacity. The optimized PTRs driven by a single-piston linear compressor achieve the lowest temperature of 53.1 K and 53.5 K, and the cooling capacity of 3.0 W at 60 K and 3.5 W at 60 K, respectively. The result shows that the tapered slit-type heat exchangers can replace the mesh-type heat exchanger, but the geometric configuration of slits and the compressible volume should be carefully considered for optimum performance of the cooler. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Jung Y.,Cryogenic Engineering Laboratory | Jung Y.,Korea Aerospace Research Institute | Cho N.,Korea Aerospace Research Institute | Baek S.,Cryogenic Engineering Laboratory | Jeong S.,Cryogenic Engineering Laboratory
Cryogenics | Year: 2014

The submerged helium injection process results in the heat and mass transfer between the helium bubble and the cryogenic liquid. The objective of this paper is to analyze the dynamics of the heat and mass transfer process. It is observed that during the helium injection process the dynamics of mass transfer is dominant and the transient heat transfer is negligible. The helium bubble shape and rising patterns are observed with a visualization device that helps to discern the dominant process between heat transfer and mass transfer. The clustering patterns such as coalescence of helium bubbles are observed with the visualization device. The visualization results indicate that, it is very difficult to determine the representative size of bubbles due to the irregular shape of the helium bubbles. The shape and size of the helium bubbles are important parameters for evaluating the overall mass transfer coefficient (kGA) which is the essential parameter for calculating the evaporation rate of the bulk liquid into the helium bubbles. In this paper, the simplified lumped model is considered to fairly approximate the evaporation rate of the cryogenic liquid into the bubbles and the cooling rate of helium injection. The empirical correlation for the average concentration (C¯A) of evaporated cryogenic liquid into the helium bubbles is presented and the overall mass transfer coefficients (kGA) are calculated as the result of the lumped model. The proposed model and empirical correlations are compared with the experimental results, and the comparison result shows good agreement with differences that are less than ±0.4 K. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

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