Routray P.,Cryobiology Laboratory |
Dash C.,Cryobiology Laboratory |
Dash S.N.,Cryobiology Laboratory |
Tripathy S.,Cryobiology Laboratory |
And 4 more authors.
Aquaculture Research | Year: 2010
This study aimed at developing a suitable cryopreservation protocol for embryonic stem (ES)-like cells of a tiny freshwater fish Leopard danio (. Brachydanio frankei). Embryonic stem (ES)-like cells derived from blastomeres of the early blastulae stage of the developing embryo were cultured . in vitro in a medium containing Leibowitz-15 supplemented with 10% foetal bovine serum, leopard danio embryo extract, sodium bicarbonate, sodium selenite, basic fibroblast growth factor, epidermal growth factor and leukaemia inhibitory factor. The ES-like cells showed properties similar to ES cells in other species. They were morphologically small, round to polygonal and present in patches and extensively expressed alkaline phosphatase and stage-specific embryonic antigen. The toxicity and chilling sensitivity of these cells were determined using ethylene glycol (EG), propylene glycol (PG) and glycerol as cryoprotective agents at molar concentrations of 0.6, 1.0, 1.4, 1.8 and 2.0. Among them, 1.8 M EG showed 70% significant viable ES-like cells (. P<0.05). The post-thawed cells retained similar properties of non-cryopreserved ES-like cells with a viability rate of 65%. Similarly, blastomeres cryopreserved following the slow cooling rate with EG and PG yielded a viability of more than 70%. © 2009 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.