Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 4.06M | Year: 2014
The Water Framework Directive (WFD) is the most significant EU legislation concerning surface water management. Programs of Measures are required to ensure water bodies achieve a good ecological status. It is important to predict the impact of interventions on water quality. Man-made and natural processes control surface water quality, these are highly complex with a range of sources, transport and transformation processes. Cost estimates by EU governments indicate that billions of euros will be spent over several decades to implement WFD. There is an increasing level of concern on the implementation cost (financial and carbon). Integrated water quality models designed to predict the quality of water across the linked urban and rural scales in a catchment is seen as a tool to optimise this cost. Integrated Catchment Modelling (ICM) is based on linking numerous empirically calibrated sub-models of water quality processes. Catchment scale WQ predictions are then used to justify investment. Current water quality sub-models contain significant uncertainty. Methods have been developed to quantify uncertainty at a level however little work has been carried out to investigate WQ uncertainty propagation between sub-models. QUICS will develop a generalised catchment wide approach to uncertainty assessment that can then be used in WFD implementation studies. It will address uncertainty propagation at the spatial and temporal scales found in catchments and develop tools to reduce uncertainty by optimising sampling and monitoring and the objective selection of model structure. This will reduce uncertainty in WQ predictions and result in better informed investment decisions and so have a significant impact on WFD implementation. QUICS contains leading water quality scientists, uncertainty experts and private sector water management practitioners and modellers. It will train researchers capable of developing and implementing uncertainty management tools into ICM studies.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: NMP-33-2014 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2015
With this proposal, a qualified and assorted representative group of the European Materials community, intend to propose an activity for further boosting and reinforcing a concept launched by Alliance for Materials (A4M): the creation of a strong, sustainable, inclusive network where any European Materials players (from Industry, Research, University) could feel comfortable and can gain real value for her/his own interest and expectations as far as Materials R&D&I is concerned. This partnership promotes the integration of concerted and strategic challenges of national, regional and European needs in the field. The MATCH proposal is focused in 4 main targets, crucial for the promotion of European sustainable development and innovation actions, as anticipated by future challenges to: the enlargement and effective improvement within the existing Materials network at EU level; the multidisciplinary connection of Materials to a large number of fields relevant for European growth and where concerted management actions are needed; the integration with existing and/or promotion of new Materials networks at National and Inter/Regional levels; the integration of EU and national and regional networks in a sustainable (long-lasting) effectively aligned network hubs. MATCH foresees the establishment of comprehensive networks focusing on complementary stakeholder areas to enable promotion of connections between the scientific creativity represented by academia and the enterprises to focus on market needs. As a result of the MATCH project any organisation interested in materials research in Europe will have a single reference network through which to obtain information, contacts and guidance in an efficient and transparent way. Established and well-connected material research stakeholders will be able to intensify their activities and extend their collaborative activities at European level, realising the A4M concept for the The Materials Common House.
Mention A.-L.,CRP Henri Tudor
Technovation | Year: 2011
This study aims to identify the influence of co-operation practices and the use of internal and external information sources on the propensity of firms to introduce new to the market innovations in the service sector. Data come from the 4th Community Innovation Survey, which covers the years 20022004. A logistic regression model is applied with the degree of novelty of good/service innovation as dependent variable. The analysis of the parameter estimates shows that firms provided with information from market sources and from internal sources as well as firms involved in science-based collaboration for their product innovations are more likely to introduce new to the market innovations, whereas information coming from competitors seems to have a negative influence on the degree of novelty of innovation. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.8.2 | Award Amount: 4.12M | Year: 2014
Public administrations (PA) need to cope with various challenges: new regulations, an aging workforce and the need for adopting their ICT. Technology-enhanced learning (TEL) represents thus a sensible option notably for rural local governments (RLG) that need to keep up with such changing environments, but do have limited ac-cess to training courses.From interviews of a pre-study with RLG in 5 European countries we know that obstacles are to include learning in the work process and a lack of training plans. There are deficiencies in communication and collaboration skills despite regular use of computer and mobile devices.EAGLEs main objective is to equip employees in RLG with a holistic training solution based on Open Educa-tional Resources (OER) and Open Source (OS) tools, supporting learning of critical transversal skills such as ICT literacy and professional management of change situations. EAGLE outcomes include an innovative change management model for a learning-enhanced work process, a proficiency-based cross-device OER curriculum, and contextualization tools for multilingual collaboration. These will be integrated in the novel EAGLE OER Open Learning platform that includes a new OER ontology for public administration and combines open data and learning platforms feeding into user services, argumentation technology tool and semantic search.Our solution will thus support OS business models for the benefit of technology and e-learning providers. It will be built on existing OS tools and frameworks, IEEE OER standards and the CKAN open data standards. The EAGLE consortium includes leaders in European OER, TEL, online assessment, mobile learning and e-government research as well as experts in organisational and pedagogical development, semantic web systems and services for PA.EAGLE will significantly advance the state-of-the-art in PA learning and introduce the tech-nology through our validation and associated partners in real-life RLG environments.
CRP Henri Tudor | Date: 2014-08-01
The present invention relates to a method for producing a superamphiphobic coating on a substrate, said method comprising the steps of a) providing a substrate, b) generating a plasma in a treatment space, under atmospheric pressure, using a dielectric barrier discharge, by supplying a plasma gas (6) between at least a first and a second electrode (2 and 3) connected to alternating current (AC) power means (7), said electrodes (2 and 3) defining said treatment space (5), c) introducing into said plasma a coating forming material selected from the group consisting in fluoro-acrylate monomers, fluoro-alkyl acrylatemonomers,fluoro-methacrylate monomers, fluoro-alkyl methacrylatemonomers, fluroro-silane, monomers or a combination thereof, d) exposing at least a part of the surface of said substrate to said plasma comprising said coating forming material in multiple successive passes within said treatment space by moving said substrate, said at least first and/or second electrode (2, 3), or both, without stopping, from one pass to another, the generation of the plasma and said introduction of said coating forming material into said plasma.
CRP Henri Tudor and Center De Recherche Public Gabriel Lippmann | Date: 2016-05-04
A flame-resistant multi-layer composite (10) comprises a carbon-containing substrate (14); a first polymer layer (16) applied on the substrate in a first plasma-polymerization (pp-) process step; and a second polymer layer (18) applied on the first plasmapolymer layer in a second pp-process step. The pp-layers are of different composition. One of the pp-layers is obtained from plasma-polymerization of phosphorus-containing precursors or a mixture of precursors comprising phosphorus-containing precursors. The other pp-layer is obtained from plasma-polymerization of nitrogen-containing precursors or a mixture of precursors comprising nitrogen-containing precursors. The multi-layer composite may be used in intumescent, halogen-free, flame retardants. Improvements in both time-to-ignition (increase) and peak of heat release rate (decrease) were observed. The substrate could be any carbon-based polymer, flexible or rigid, in film, foam or fabric form. Deposition of the pp-layers can be performed at atmospheric pressure in open reactors, which facilitates implementing the production process on an industrial line.
CRP Henri Tudor | Date: 2015-06-10
In accordance with the invention, a stent (10) comprises radially expandable ring elements (12), which are axially aligned along a central axis (A) of the stent, and longitudinally deformable bridges (114), which axially interconnect two neighbouring ring elements at circumferentially spaced points and confer bendability to the stent. The ring elements include straight longitudinal struts (116), which are parallel to the central axis of the stent and which directly interconnect the longitudinally deformable bridges arranged on both sides of a ring element.
CRP Henri Tudor | Date: 2015-06-24
The present invention relates to a method of determining the indoor position of a mobile computing device using the signal strength measurements of a plurality of electromagnetic signals which are emitted from fixed locations. By using a heuristic which takes the observed behavior of signal strength measuring devices into account, the method allows to increase the accuracy and robustness of similar known methods.
CRP Henri Tudor | Date: 2014-08-06
The present invention relates to a method for producing a colloidal suspension of nanoparticles, said method comprising the steps of providing a solid target submerged in a liquid media being a coating forming material, submitted said solid target to pulsed Laser irradiation, and to a method for producing hybrid coating on a substrate comprising the steps of generating a plasma, introducing into the plasma a colloidal suspension of nanoparticles and exposing at least a part of a surface of the substrate to the plasma comprising the colloidal suspension of nanoparticles.
CRP Henri Tudor | Date: 2014-11-19
A modular element, adapted to serve as a scaffold for cell cultivation, comprises a degradable, preferably biodegradable, thermoplastic sheet and a support structure therefor, said degradable sheet having a microstructure on one or both sides, and wherein said modular element is stackable, thereby permitting assembling of the modules into a structure resembling a tissue or organ sample, with eventual removal of the sheet and support. Such modules can easily be manufactured and handled.