Jyothi A.N.,Central Tuber Crops Research Institute |
Sreekumar J.,Crops Research Institute Sreekariyam |
Moorthy S.N.,Central Tuber Crops Research Institute |
Sajeev M.S.,Central Tuber Crops Research Institute
Starch/Staerke | Year: 2010
Response surface methodology (RSM) was employed for the synthesis of cassava starch-graft-poly(acrylamide) using ceric ammonium nitrate as free radical initiator. Concentration of acrylamide, concentration of ceric ammonium nitrate, reaction temperature and duration of reaction were optimized using a 4-factor 3-level Box-Behnken design. The dependent variables were percentage grafting (%G) and grafting efficiency (GE). Second order polynomial relationships were obtained for %G and GE, which explained the main, quadratic and interaction effects of factors. The highest%G and GE obtained were 174.8% and 90.7%, respectively. The optimum values of parameters predicted through RSM were 20 g acrylamide/10 g dry starch, 3.3 g/L ceric ammonium nitrate, 180 min reaction duration and 45°C temperature with a %G of 190.0. For GE, the predicted levels of factors for the optimum value of 90.8% were 17.5 g acrylamide/10 g dry starch, 4.1 g/L ceric ammonium nitrate, 180 min reaction duration and 55°C temperature. The graft reaction was confirmed by FTIR analysis, where the absorption bands corresponding to the C=O stretching and N-H bending of the -CONH2 group were observed. Scanning electron microscopic studies on grafted starches revealed that the granular structure of the starch was affected by the reaction. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the crystallinity of starch was decreased as a result of grafting and the reduction was higher for the grafted starches with higher percentage grafting. © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.