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Islamabad, Pakistan

Rizwan S.,Quaid-i-Azam University | Iftikhar A.,Crop Disease Research Programme | Kazi A.M.,Pakistan National Agricultural Research Center | Sahi G.M.,Crop Disease Research Programme | And 3 more authors.
Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection | Year: 2010

Yellow rust populations of Pakistan were characterised for their virulence pathotypes/ races and pathogenetic variation using seedling evaluation of differential genotypes under glasshouse conditions in Murree (6000 feet above sea level). Differential genotypes comprised a world set, an European set, near isogenic lines and the universally susceptible bread wheat cultivar "Morocco". Over the two-year study a total of 18 race groups were identified. Out of these 18 race groups, several (68E0, 64E0, 66E0, 70E0, 6E0, 71E0, 6E0, 2E0, 67E0, and 68E16) were found previously. The new race group 70E32 found probably evolved because of mutation from the previously existing 70E16. Virulence frequencies of yellow rust (Yr) resistance genes were also determined on near isogenic lines. The highest virulence frequencies (%) were found for Yr7 (88%), Yr9 (57%), Yr18 (70%), and Yr24 (69%). Virulence frequencies were low for Yr 1 (4%), Yr5 (7%), Yr10 (10%) and Yr15 (4%). Our studies indicated that virulence existed for almost all yr genes, necessitating regular monitoring of the yellow rust populations and intensifying efforts to identify new sources of resistance to this pathogen. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.

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