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Pavlinic I.,Croatian Natural History Museum | Lojkic I.,Croatian Veterinary Institute
European Journal of Wildlife Research | Year: 2015

This article is the first confirmed report of the species Pseudogymnoascus destructans in Croatia. In April 2013, 18 bats were found dead in the winter hibernaculum of the Uviraljka swallow hole. All the dead bats were of the species Myotis myotis, and thus a possible Pd infection was suspected. DNA analysis of wing samples was conducted and sequence and phylogenetic analysis confirmed that samples of all carcasses were positive for P. destructans. These results are the first known record of this fungus in Croatia. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Hill C.A.,University of Arizona | Radovcic J.,Croatian Natural History Museum | Frayer D.W.,University of Kansas
American Journal of Physical Anthropology | Year: 2014

Previous studies comparing bony labyrinth morphology in geographically-dispersed samples of Neandertals and modern Homo sapiens (H. sapiens) showed that Neandertals generally have smaller semicircular canals than modern H. sapiens (Hublin et al.,; Spoor et al.,; Glantz et al.,). Here we analyze the morphology of a single group of Neandertal specimens from one locale, the Krapina site, to determine the intraspecific variation in Neandertal semicircular canal sizes. Dimensions of the semicircular canals were collected from computed tomography scans of nine temporal bones. With the rare exception, the dimensions of the semicircular canals in the Krapina sample are similar to those previously reported across a geographically-dispersed sample of Neandertals, further supporting previous studies that suggest low levels of variation in the semicircular canals for Neandertals. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Stamol V.,Croatian Natural History Museum
Natura Croatica | Year: 2010

By examination of extensive literature data, a list of the terrestrial snails of Croatia has been compiled. A list of Croatian names for each taxon is also provided for the first time. Croatian endemic species and subspecies are indicated.


Stankovic I.,Central Water Management Laboratory | Vlahovic T.,Croatian Natural History Museum | Gligora Udovic M.,University of Zagreb | Varbiro G.,Balaton Limnological Research Institute | Borics G.,Balaton Limnological Research Institute
Hydrobiologia | Year: 2012

Influence of hydrological characteristics and nutrient concentrations on phytoplankton was investigated in four large rivers (Mura, Drava, Danube and Sava) in the Pannonian ecoregion in Croatia to understand how phytoplankton of rivers can be explained by the "different functional group approach". To gain a clearer understanding of the factors that affect river phytoplankton, the present study examined phytoplankton biomass and composition in relationship with physical and chemical parameters assessed in detail by preparing self-organising maps using functional groups and morpho-functional groups. Total nitrogen along with water residence time showed to be the best predictor to determine phytoplankton biomass and chlorophyll a. Phytoplankton diversity increased with higher water discharge, but it had the consequence of diluting algae and decreasing biomass. Bacillariophyceae and Chlorophyceae species dominated the phytoplankton assemblages in all rivers. Diatoms predominated in rivers with shorter residence time. Dominant diatom codons of functional groups were C, D and TB while morpho-functional groups were represented by only diatom group VI. As residence time increased, the proportion of chlorococcalean green algae, represented by functional group codon T and morpho-functional group IV grew in summer. Since potamoplankton is dominated by diatoms, functional groups with its fine partition of diatom codons proved to be excellent descriptor of the potamoplankton. Application of morpho-functional groups originally developed from the lake data, showed to be limiting because of the predominating presence of only one diatom group. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


Vlahovic T.,Croatian Natural History Museum | Munda B.,Geoaqua d.o.o
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment | Year: 2012

Water supply is a major problem in the Adriatic islands, especially during the summer tourism season, and represents a limiting factor to the islands' further economic development. Much attention has been given to water supply solutions, primarily in terms of attempting to use the existing island water. Unfortunately, few islands have favourable hydrological conditions to accumulate significant quantities of surface water or groundwater. In the period from 2001 to 2004, investigations were conducted on many islands to define their own freshwater or partially brackish water resources since desalinisation technology could resolve a significant part of the water supply demand on small and distant islands. Due to the specificity and complexity of research in karst areas, the study was conducted in phases and included the geological and hydrogeological reconnaissance of the island, aimed at locating possible areas on the island where the necessary quantities of groundwater of adequate quality could be captured; a detailed hydrogeological mapping of the specified areas, geophysical investigation and test drilling; and, over several days, test pumping of the most promising borehole. One of the islands investigated was the island of Olib. The conducted surveys indicated that it is possible to pump about 3.5 L/s of groundwater from the karst aquifer of the island of Olib, which fully complies with the sanitary quality of drinking water. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012.


Radovcic D.,Croatian Natural History Museum | Srsen A.O.,Croatian Academy of Science and Arts | Radovcic J.,Croatian Natural History Museum | Frayer D.W.,University of Kansas
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

We describe eight, mostly complete white-tailed eagle (Haliaëtus [Haliaeetus] albicilla) talons from the Krapina Neandertal site in present-day Croatia, dating to approximately 130 kyrs ago. Four talons bear multiple, edge-smoothed cut marks; eight show polishing facets and/or abrasion. Three of the largest talons have small notches at roughly the same place along the plantar surface, interrupting the proximal margin of the talon blade. These features suggest they were part of a jewelry assemblage, - the manipulations a consequence of mounting the talons in a necklace or bracelet. An associated phalanx articulates with one of the talons and has numerous cut marks, some of which are smoothed. These white-tailed eagle bones, discovered more than 100 years ago, all derive from a single level at Krapina and represent more talons than found in the entire European Mousterian period. Presence of eight talons indicates that the Krapina Neandertals acquired and curated eagle talons for some kind of symbolic purpose. Some have argued that Neandertals lacked symbolic ability or copied this behavior from modern humans. These remains clearly show that the Krapina Neandertals made jewelry well before the appearance of modern humans in Europe, extending ornament production and symbolic activity early into the European Mousterian. © 2015 Radovčić et al. This.


Bilandzija H.,Ruder Boskovic Institute | Morton B.,Natural History Museum in London | Podnar M.,Croatian Natural History Museum | Cetkovic H.,Ruder Boskovic Institute
Frontiers in Zoology | Year: 2013

Background: Patterns of biodiversity in the subterranean realm are typically different from those encountered on the Earth's surface. The Dinaric karst of Croatia, Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina is a global hotspot of subterranean biodiversity. How this was achieved and why this is so remain largely unresolved despite a long tradition of research. To obtain insights into the colonisation of the Dinaric Karst and the effects of the subterranean realm on its inhabitants, we studied the tertiary relict Congeria, a unique cave-dwelling bivalve (Dreissenidae), using a combination of biogeographical, molecular, morphological, and paleontological information. Results: Phylogenetic and molecular clock analyses using both nuclear and mitochondrial markers have shown that the surviving Congeria lineage has actually split into three distinct species, i.e., C. kusceri, C. jalzici sp. nov. and C. mulaomerovici sp. nov., by vicariant processes in the late Miocene and Pliocene. Despite millions of years of independent evolution, analyses have demonstrated a great deal of shell similarity between modern Congeria species, although slight differences in hinge plate structure have enabled the description of the two new species. Ancestral plesiomorphic shell forms seem to have been conserved during the processes of cave colonisation and subsequent lineage isolation. In contrast, shell morphology is divergent within one of the lineages, probably due to microhabitat differences. Conclusions: Following the turbulent evolution of the Dreissenidae during the Tertiary and major radiations in Lake Pannon, species of Congeria went extinct. One lineage survived, however, by adopting a unique life history strategy that suited it to the underground environment. In light of our new data, an alternative scenario for its colonisation of the karst is proposed. The extant Congeria comprises three sister species that, to date, have only been found to live in 15 caves in the Dinaric karst. Inter-specific morphological stasis and intra-specific ecophenotypic plasticity of the congerid shell demonstrate the contrasting ways in which evolution in the underground environments shapes its inhabitants. © 2013 Bilandžija et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Sasic M.,Croatian Natural History Museum | Mihoci I.,Croatian Natural History Museum
Natura Croatica | Year: 2011

The aim of this paper is to present a checklist of Croatian butterflies with a list of vernacular names for all species. Recent attempts to document butterfly fauna and create a national database of butterfly distribution records in Croatia resulted in a list of 195 species. The checklist is based on records from published papers, butterfly collections from museums in Croatia, unpublished data (diaries of Zdravko Lorković, celebrated Croatian lepidopterist) and recent field surveys.


This paper discusses the reliability of data on finding localities of the land snail Lindholmiola corcyrensis (Rossmässler, 1838) in Croatia and concludes that this species has probably never inhabited and probably does not inhabit Croatia. © 2016, Croatian Natural History Museum. All rights reserved.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: H2020-TWINN-2015 | Award Amount: 989.73K | Year: 2016

This project is an innovative opportunity to mend several gaps in the research capacity in Croatia in Archaeology, Genetics, and other Sciences of the Past by twinning a consortium of Croatian researchers (CrEAMA Initiative) with archaeological scientists from the University of Cambridge (UCAM) and the University of Pisa (UP). The project exploits location-specific advantages that arise from two crucial facts. Firstly, there is large number of archaeological sites and remains in Croatia that are relatively understudied. Secondly there is a group of researchers (CrEAMA Initiative) whose research capacity, impact, and grant success at the European level has not realised full potential owing to a relative lack of resources, coordination, and strategic planning. This project will unlock this latent scientific potential by developing multi-inter-trans- disciplinary (MIT disciplinary) expertise. Our ultimate vision is to develop a research group capable of using an MIT disciplinary approach to Sciences of the Past; this will be a powerful force for innovation and will contribute to resolving contemporary issues. This vision will be realised through support from our partners: the UCAM and the UP. Both institutions display success in Archaeology, Genetics and other Sciences of the Past, and have proven track records in applying for and completing EU-funded research projects. The first goal is to establish and integrate the existing MIT disciplinary scientific research community in Croatia. The second goal is to upgrade and intensify scientific research of CrEAMA Initiative by utilising recent methodological achievements in genetics (NGS) and other biological disciplines (GMM). The third goal is to foster integration of the CrEAMA Initiative into ERA. Our last goal is to commercialise and integrate the CrEAMA Initiative research with the needs of society (local community) at the local (Korula Island), regional (Dalmatia), national, European (web) and global (web) level.

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