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News Article | June 6, 2017
Site: www.theguardian.com

A charity that campaigns against food waste may face prosecution after a trading standards inspection found produce that was past its use-by date at one of its warehouses. The Real Junk Food Project, which has 127 affiliated cafes worldwide, aims to combat food waste by collecting produce that would otherwise be thrown away and preparing it for the general public. Adam Smith, a co-founder of the charity, has been summoned to a formal hearing by West Yorkshire Trading Standards Services (WYTSS) after an inspection at a premises in Leeds. Inspectors said they had found 444 items that were a total of 6,345 days past their use-by date, the date after which a product cannot be sold. Smith faces potential prosecution under the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, as well as Food Safety and Hygiene Regulations 2013. He said all food served was safe and that the project had not received complaints from the public. The Real Junk Food Project has three “share houses” in Sheffield, Birmingham and Leeds, which receive unwanted food from supermarkets, food banks, wholesalers and farms. The produce that is deemed fit for human consumption is then sent to affiliated schools, cafes and event caterers, on a pay-what-you-want basis. “We’ve been doing this for three and a half years and we’ve fed just over a million people worldwide,” said Smith. “They could have stopped us a long time ago and they didn’t. If they thought it was dangerous they wouldn’t have allowed us to continue trading.” Smith has been told he could face two months in prison and a £5,000 fine if he is found guilty. Among the items found by trading standards were more than 100 sachets of French dressing, made from oil and vinegar, which were past their use-by date. Smith said that just because an item was found in one of the warehouses did not mean the charity intended to distribute it for consumption by the public. But he admitted that it sometimes distributed goods that were past their use-by date, as the label is often used incorrectly. He said last week the charity received lemons and bananas from a supermarket that were fine to eat but had use-by dates that had expired. “That means we could have been prosecuted for giving somebody one of those bananas,” he said. The trained chef said his charity was “challenging the grey area in the legislation around the safety of food” and that the public was confused about the difference between the various labels given to products, such as “sell by”, “eat before” and “best before”. “Our instincts provide us with enough to be able to tell if food is off or not,” said Smith. “We want to show that with our skills and knowledge – as chefs and people who have worked in the food industry for a long time – that we can provide this food to anybody and make it safe for consumption.” A peaceful protest, involving a picnic of waste food, is planned for the day of Smith’s hearing, though a date has not yet been set. The charity has received messages of support from across the food industry, including the TGI Fridays restaurant chain. “They hope we win the case because it will save the industry millions of pounds because we’re throwing so much food away,” he said. WY TSS said it could not comment on the detail of an ongoing investigation, adding: “The proprietor of RJF Project will be able to put forward information as part of that investigation process. That will help inform the decision on what, if any, action will be taken. “In relation to the relevant legal provisions, I can confirm the supply of food marked with a ‘use-by’ date after the date marked on the pack is an offence. It is however not an offence to supply foods marked with a best before date beyond the date marked on pack.”


News Article | December 5, 2016
Site: www.cnet.com

Technically Incorrect offers a slightly twisted take on the tech that's taken over our lives. CEO Tim Cook has described it as "an issue of morality." This rather infuriates police forces who'd prefer to be able to trawl through everyone's cell phones in order to obtain evidence. In the US, the matter came to a head last year when Apple refused to hack an iPhone belonging to one of the San Bernardino terrorists. In the UK, where surveillance is rather extensive, the police have come up with a novel way to get into a suspect's iPhone. Mug them. Some would, at least, use that description for a tactic reported by the BBC. The case involved Gabriel Yew, who was suspected of being involved in the creation of fake credit cards that were used to buy expensive items in stores. He was also suspected of conducting all his business by iPhone. So police decided that they would wait for him to use the phone and then "mug" him for it. If the phone is open and awake, all you have to do is keep it from going to sleep and you can extract whatever data you'd like. Legal experts will decide just how far above the law this might be. In this case, the police decided that forcing Yew to use fingerprint authentication wasn't legal, but stealing it was. A Metropolitan Police spokesman told me that as far as the police are concerned, there was nothing extraordinary about this event. "It was just a way of timing the arrest, so that the phone would already be open," he said. The Police and Criminal Evidence Act of, well, 1984 allows the police to seize evidence on arrest. Therefore, the police don't regard this as a mugging, but merely clever planning. The police didn't need a warrant, the spokesman told me, to search the phone. This contrasts with the US, where the Supreme Court has ruled that police do need a warrant before going through your cell phone. The police say that they gained valuable information from Yew's iPhone and he was jailed last week for a five-and-a-half year term. Might this tactic, then, become popular for police forces in other countries? Should you be an iPhone user and involved in nefarious practices, it's best to keep looking over your shoulder if you're using your phone. That nice policeman might want to steal your phone.


El-Hiti G.A.,University of Cardiff | El-Hiti G.A.,Tanta University | Hussain A.,University of Karachi | Hegazy A.S.,University of Cardiff | Alotaibi M.H.,Criminal Evidence
Journal of Sulfur Chemistry | Year: 2011

The chemistry of thioxoquinazolines has considerable values and has gained increased interest in both synthetic and biological fields. Therefore, the methods of syntheses and modification of such ring systems remains the focus of various researchers. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.


El-Hiti G.A.,University of Cardiff | Hegazy A.S.,University of Cardiff | Alotaibi M.H.,Criminal Evidence | Ajarim M.D.,Criminal Evidence
Arkivoc | Year: 2012

This review deals with directed and regioselective lithiation of various quinazoline derivatives by the use of alkyllithiums in anhydrous THF at low temperature. Reactions of the lithium reagents obtained from the lithiation reactions with a range of electrophiles give the corresponding substituted derivatives in high yields. The procedures are simple, efficient and general to provide derivatives which might be difficult to produce by other means. In some cases nucleophilic addition of alkyllithiums takes place to produce the corresponding addition products via 1,2- and 3,4-additions. In other cases nucleophilic substitution or halogen-lithium exchange reactions occur. © ARKAT-USA, Inc.


El-Hiti G.A.,King Saud University | Smith K.,University of Cardiff | Hegazy A.S.,University of Cardiff | Baashen M.,Criminal Evidence | Kariuki B.M.,University of Cardiff
Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online | Year: 2014

In the title compound, C17H27N3OS2, the amide group is approximately coplanar with the pyridine ring [dihedral angle = 1.6(1)°], whereas the dithiocarbamate group is nearly perpendicular to the pyridine ring [dihedral angle = 76.7(1)°]. In the crystal, pairs of weak C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the molecules into inversion dimers.


El-Hiti G.A.,King Saud University | Smith K.,University of Cardiff | Hegazy A.S.,University of Cardiff | Ajarim M.D.,Criminal Evidence | Kariuki B.M.,University of Cardiff
Acta Crystallographica Section E: Crystallographic Communications | Year: 2015

In the title compound, C12H14N2S, the cyclohexane ring adopts a chair conformation with the exocyclic C - C bond in an equatorial orientation. The mean plane through the cyclohexane ring (all atoms) is twisted from the thiazolopyridine ring system (r.m.s. deviation = 0.013 Å) by 39.57 (6)°. In the crystal, molecules form (100) sheets, although there are no specific directional interactions between them. The crystal stucture was refined as a two-component perfect twin.


PubMed | Criminal Evidence, King Saud University and University of Cardiff
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Acta crystallographica. Section E, Structure reports online | Year: 2014

In the title compound, C17H27N3OS2, the amide group is approximately coplanar with the pyridine ring [dihedral angle = 1.6(1)], whereas the di-thio-carbamate group is nearly perpendicular to the pyridine ring [dihedral angle = 76.7(1)]. In the crystal, pairs of weak C-HO hydrogen bonds link the mol-ecules into inversion dimers.


PubMed | Criminal Evidence, King Saud University and University of Cardiff
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Acta crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic communications | Year: 2015

In the title compound, C12H14N2S, the cyclo-hexane ring adopts a chair conformation with the exocyclic C-C bond in an equatorial orientation. The mean plane through the cyclo-hexane ring (all atoms) is twisted from the thia-zolo-pyridine ring system (r.m.s. deviation = 0.013) by 39.57(6). In the crystal, mol-ecules form (100) sheets, although there are no specific directional inter-actions between them. The crystal stucture was refined as a two-component perfect twin.


PubMed | Criminal Evidence, King Saud University and University of Cardiff
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Acta crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic communications | Year: 2015

In the title compound, C12H7N3O2S, the dihedral angle between the planes of the thia-zolo-pyridine ring system (r.m.s. deviation = 0.005) and the benzene ring is 3.94(6). The nitro group is rotated by 7.6(2) from its attached ring. In the crystal, extensive aromatic - stacking [shortest centroid-centroid separation = 3.5295(9)] links the mol-ecules into (001) sheets.


Kumosani T.A.,King Abdulaziz University | Moselhy S.S.,King Abdulaziz University | Asseri A.M.,Criminal Evidence | Asseri A.H.,King Abdulaziz University
Toxicology and Industrial Health | Year: 2013

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PCAHs), particularly those with a high molecular weight, have been classified as probable carcinogens to humans. The aim of the present study is to determine the levels of PCAHs in samples of meat, fish, chicken, fried potato, and toasted bread, which will be thermally processed using conventional and microwave ovens. Different samples will be collected and analyzed for five PCAHs including pyrene, benzo(a)anthracene, benzo(e)pyrene, benzoflouroanthene, and benzo(a)pyrene. The analytical method involves saponification with methanolic potassium hydroxide, extraction with cyclohexane, and determination by high-performance liquid chromatography. The obtained results showed that there is a variation in the detected PCAHs in different foodstuffs. Fried potato processed by conventional oven or microwave oven showed none of the selected studied PCAHs. It was found that, chicken showed higher content levels of total PCAHs than the meat and fish. Data are the highest mean concentrations of fluoranthene and benzo(a)pyrene but within low limit. The obtained results were compared with international permissible levels to avoid pollution, which may cause hazardous effects on individual and society. © The Author(s) 2012.

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