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Subbaiah V.K.,CRIDA
Research Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2015

The 'Rajapuri' (AAB) banana cultivar is very popular in Belgaum and Bagalkot districts of Karnataka. However, in recent years its cultivation decreased due to rapid spread of Sigatoka leaf spot disease through sucker propagation. Availability of tissue culture multiplied plant is very scarce as it is highly recalcitrant to tissue culture. The present investigation was undertaken to enhance shoot proliferation using TDZ. Shoot tip explants derived from sword suckers were inoculated on MS medium supplemented with different concentrations of Thidiazuron [TDZ (0.2 and 0.3 mg/L)], 6-Benzylaminopurine [BAP (2.0 and 5.0 mg/L)] and Naphthalene acetic acid [NAA (0.2 mg/L)] alone or in combinations. Cultures were incubated at 25±3°C with a 16 hour photoperiod (2000 lux) provided by cool white florescent tubes. Among the all treatments TDZ 0.2 mg/L produced the maximum number of shoots (3.04) and number of adventitious buds (2.67) per explants as compared to BAP.


Casar R.,Isdefe | Arranz A.,Isdefe | Escribano B.,Isdefe | Grosskreutz A.,CRIDA | And 5 more authors.
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series | Year: 2013

This paper describes the results of the two assessments performed to evaluate the impact of increasing levels of automation (LoA) on Human Factors aspects and the impact on their responsibilities and interactions. This activity has been developed within the "Assessment of Degree of Automation on Human Roles" (ADAHR) project inside the framework of SESAR Work Package E, which is addressing long-term and innovate research (http://www.adahr.eu). These assessments have been carried out in two environments, "Airspace Organization and Management" and "Airport Operations Centre", using experts' performance in role-based games in two steps: A preparative "Paper Based" gaming session followed by a complementary "Hardware Based" gaming session on a hardware platform. The results of these two exercises have been gathered from the participation of experts in the different games. They will be presented by environment and taking into account the roles involved in each environment. Aspects such as trust in the system, situational awareness (SA), confidence and performance were addressed.


Murumkar A.R.,Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee | Umesha B.,CRIDA | Palanisamy D.,Tamil Nadu Agricultural University | Bosu S.S.,Tamil Nadu Agricultural University | Durairaj C.D.,Tamil Nadu Agricultural University
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research | Year: 2013

A field experiment was conducted during 2008 to 2009 in naturally poly house. Selected chemical and physical characteristics of four types of growing medias comprising of coirpith, perlite, vermiculite and peat as separately and combination with vermicompost as 50% on volume basis ((v/v) were determined and their suitability as growing media was tested using beet root (nobol). Data on pH, EC, nutrient contents and various aspects of air-water relationships of the media, as well as yield of beet root were collected. The root yield per treatment was not significantly influenced by the treatments T1' T2, T3 and T4 but while root yield of beet root was found to be significantly influenced by treatments T5, T6, T7 and T8. Results indicated that certain chemical and physical properties of selected soilless media can be improved through incorporation of vermicompost and its positive effect was clearly reflected in the yield of beet root.


Kumar L.Y.,Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University | Anuradha Ch.,Institute of Biotechnology | Reddy S.S.,Institute of Biotechnology | Srinivas A.M.N.,CRIDA | Subbaiah V.K.,CRIDA
Research Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2015

Correlation and path analysis studies were made for yield and its attributing traits in fifty blackgram genotypes. Based on correlation studies, it was observed that the number of branches per plant, number of clusters per plant, number of pods per plant, number of pods per cluster, pod length and number of seeds per pod showed highly significant positive correlation with seed yield per plant at genotypic level and improvement of these characters might contribute to high seed yields in blackgram. Path analysis revealed the highest positive direct effects on seed yield by number of seeds per plant followed by number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, pod length, number of branches per plant and 100 seed weight. Therefore these characters must be given priority in selecting for high yielding varieties in blackgram.


Landriau S.E.,Lockheed Martin | Weinstein L.,Lockheed Martin | Asensio J.M.,Indra | Alonso A.G.,CRIDA | Villa A.,CRIDA
Air Traffic Control Association - 59th Air Traffic Control Association Annual Conference and Exposition 2014 | Year: 2014

Interoperability Cross Atlantic Trials (ICATS), a two year Demonstration project, was launched in September 2013, under the framework of the Single European Sky (SES) initiative, and co-financed by the SESAR Joint Undertaking (SJU). ICATS primary objective is to quantify operational benefits enabled by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) inter-region exchange of flight object data including 4D Trajectories for trans- Atlantic flights. ICATS successfully demonstrated the feasibility of integrating two different regional implementations of the flight object by means of a Flight Information Exchange Model (FIXM) based Global Flight Object (GFO) concept and associated technical infrastructure. The infrastructure was deployed at Indra and Air Navigation Service Provider (ANSP) facilities in Europe and at the Florida NextGen Testbed (FTB) at Embry Riddle Aeronautical University in Daytona, Florida for conduct of the ICATS Live Flight Trial in spring 2014. The ICATS Live Flight Trial successfully demonstrated significant operational improvements both in terms of Fuel Efficiency and CO2 Emissions, as well as improved accuracy and predictability of key data derived from the flight object for Air Traffic Control (ATC) use. ICATS met or exceeded a number of the quantitative benefit targets established during the initial project definition and planning activity. Copyright © (2014) by the Air Traffic Control Association All rights reserved.


Sanz L.P.,Technical University of Madrid | Garcia E.,CRIDA | Gomez Comendador V.F.,AENA Aeropuertos | Rosa Arnaldo,Technical University of Madrid
28th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences 2012, ICAS 2012 | Year: 2012

In the recent years many problems are emerging due to the aircraft noise on the airport surrounding areas. The solution to this problem is not easy considering that the neighbourhood asks for the reduction of the number of aircraft operations and the airlines ask for a growing demand in the number of operations in the major airports. So the airport and regulatory authorities try to get a solution imposing a fine to the aircraft which its actual trajectory differs from the nominal one more than a lateral deviation. But, which is the value of this deviation?. The current situation is that many operators have to pay a lot of money for exceeding a deviation which has been established without operational criteria. This paper presents the results of a research program which is being carried out by the authors which aims to determine the "delta" deviation to be used for this purpose. In addition it is proposed a customized method per SID and per airport to be used for determining the maximum allowed lateral deviation by which if the aircraft is within it, then none fine will be imposed. The paper will also explain the current criteria used to design and publish the SIDs and will show the results of the performed assessment for determining the deviation of different aircraft families flying the same departure procedure in an airport aiming to define a current deviation value considering operational factors such airfield elevation, temperature, wind, SID design, etc. And last, the method for determining the allowed lateral deviation without any penalty consists in the computation of a set of templates per aircraft family/SID/airport, in such a way that a particular deviation could be compared against the corresponding template. When the trajectory to be assessed is within the selected template limits, it will mean none penalty should be imposed.


Barragan R.,CRIDA | Castan J.A.P.,Technical University of Madrid | Sadornil M.,Technical University of Madrid | Nieto F.S.,Technical University of Madrid | And 3 more authors.
29th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences, ICAS 2014 | Year: 2014

The main mission shared by current Arrival Managers (AMAN's) is to assist the Air Traffic Controller (ATCo) in the tasks related to the traffic synchronisation in its arrival, relieving his workload. AMAN's goals are: sequencing, metering and merging with the only objective of optimising the time of arrival. On the other hand, AMAN's should be interconnected with other decision support tools which provide eficiency to ATM. It is expected that this versatility will convert them into a key collaborative tool within the air traffic synchronisation process.


Arnaldo R.M.,Technical University of Madrid | Comendador V.F.G.,Technical University of Madrid | Barragan R.,CRIDA | Perez L.,Technical University of Madrid
29th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences, ICAS 2014 | Year: 2014

This paper presents a benchmarking analysis of the efficiency and productivity of the air navigation service providers in Europe. Its aim is to determine the relative position of each air navigation service provider in terms of efficiency, the potential for achieving specific performance targets, and how close or far each organization is from the optimal efficiency level determined by the most efficient amongst their peers. The study is based on Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), a nonparametric method extended in operations research and economics for the estimation of production frontiers, that is used to empirically measure productive efficiency of Decision Making Units (or DMUs).


Jyothi Laxmi P.V.,Vellore Institute of Technology | Narayana Reddy N.,CRIDA | Rajsekaran C.,Vellore Institute of Technology | Nancy Veena Kumari D.,Vellore Institute of Technology | Mitra B.,Vellore Institute of Technology
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research | Year: 2012

A Pink pigmented facultative Methylotrophic bacterium was isolated from the phyllosphere region of cotton by leaf imprinting method on Ammonium mineral salt agar supplemented with 0.5% of methanol and cyclohexamide. Their distinctive pink pigmentation is due to carotenoid, which render them to be tolerant to extreme light condition and radiation. The isolate was morphologically and biochemically characterized and identified as a member of the genus Methylobacterium. The parameters such as temperature, pH, and carbon source were optimized for the extraction of pigment from PPFM bacteria. The optimum pH for growth and pigment production was around 7.5 at temperature of 25 ° C with 0.5% of methanol. The PPFM bacterium was mass multiplied at these optimum conditions, pigment was extracted, and the sample was analyzed by UV- visible Spectrophotometer.


Fernandez E.C.,CRIDA | Cordero J.M.,CRIDA
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series | Year: 2013

Traffic Demand Forecast is a key aspect of Air Traffic Management (ATM), even more relevant recently as becomes increasingly more important to effectively scale capacity and associated resources (Air Traffic Controllers amongst them) to match the actual demand. In the case of ATM, many different demand forecasts can be considered, from the simplest to the most complicated ones, all aiming to provide a reliable forecast with the maximum time anticipation, thereby allowing the Network Managers at the different network levels to anticipate the needs to fulfill. However, there is no real indicator assessing the real accuracy of these forecasts. In this scenario it has been launched by CRIDA a long-term research activity with the goal to define reliability indicators that can be applied to traffic forecasts to fill in the described gap. This study will be performed through the availability of samples of both real-time flight plan information and post-flight data, and divided into several analysis phases. This reliability index is envisioned as a valuable complementary tool in combination with any traffic forecasts, as it is intended to provide the user improved awareness of the results obtained by using a particular demand forecast. Thus, this paper addresses an analysis of real ATM system data in order to determine both predictability and accuracy indicators which will eventually combine for a reliability index. The promising results of the first stage of this research activity are presented here, showing some already applicable conclusions.

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