Olivieri A.,Unita Operativa di Ematologia e Trapianto di Cellule Staminali |
Marchetti M.,Hematology Unit |
Lemoli R.,University of Bologna |
Tarella C.,University of Turin |
And 2 more authors.
Bone Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2012
Many lymphoma and myeloma patients fail to undergo ASCT owing to poor mobilization. Identification of poor mobilizers (PMs) would provide a tool for early intervention with new mobilization agents. The Gruppo italianoTrapianto di Midollo Osseo working group proposed a definition of PMs applicable to clinical trials and clinical practice. The analytic hierarchy process, a method for group decision making, was used in setting prioritized criteria. Lymphoma or myeloma patients were defined as 'proven PM' when: (1) after adequate mobilization (G-CSF 10 μg/kg if used alone or ≥5 μg/kg after chemotherapy) circulating CD34 + cell peak is <20/μL up to 6 days after mobilization with G-CSF or up to 20 days after chemotherapy and G-CSF or (2) they yielded <2.0 × 10 6 CD34 + cells per kg in ≤3 apheresis. Patients were defined as predicted PMs if: (1) they failed a previous collection attempt (not otherwise specified); (2) they previously received extensive radiotherapy or full courses of therapy affecting SC mobilization; and (3) they met two of the following criteria: advanced disease (≥2 lines of chemotherapy), refractory disease, extensive BM involvement or cellularity <30% at the time of mobilization; age ≥65 years. This definition of proven and predicted PMs should be validated in clinical trials and common clinical practice. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.
PubMed | San Gerardo Hospital, ASST Valtellina e Alto Lario, Italian National Cancer Institute, Cremona Hospital and 4 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Anticancer research | Year: 2016
The TArceva and docetaxeL In former-Smokers MAle patients with recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (TALISMAN) phase II, open-label randomized trial evaluates the combination of erlotinib with docetaxel in the second-line therapy of ex-smoker males with advanced squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Patients received erlotinib 150 mg/day (arm A; n=36) or docetaxel 75 mg/mThe study was prematurely interrupted due to slow enrolment. Three (8.3%) patients in arm A and 3 (8.1%) in arm B remained progression-free at 6 months. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 2.3 months in arm A and 2.8 months in arm B. Median overall survival (OS) was 5.6 and 8.9 months, respectively. Overall, 77.8% of patients in arm A and 89.2% in arm B experienced treatment-related adverse events (AEs).Results do not support further investigation of the combination of erlotinib and docetaxel in this setting.
PubMed | University of Turin, Ospedale Regionale Microcitemie, Cremona Hospital, University of Milan and University of Brescia
Type: | Journal: Parkinsonism & related disorders | Year: 2016
SCA38 (MIM 611805) caused by mutations within the ELOVL5 gene, which encodes an enzyme involved in the synthesis of long-chain fatty acids with a high and specific expression in Purkinje cells, has recently been identified.The present study was aimed at describing the clinical and neuroimaging features, and the natural history of SCA38.We extended our clinical and brain neuroimaging data on SCA38 including 21 cases from three Italian families. All had the ELOVL5 c.689G>T (p.Gly230Val) missense mutation.Age at disease onset was in the fourth decade of life. The presenting features were nystagmus (100% of cases) and slowly progressive gait ataxia (95%). Frequent signs and symptoms included pes cavus (82%) and hyposmia (76%); rarer symptoms were hearing loss (33%) and anxiety disorder (33%). The disease progressed with cerebellar symptoms such as limb ataxia, dysarthria, dysphagia, and ophtalmoparesis followed in the later stages by ophtalmoplegia. Peripheral nervous system involvement was present in the last phase of disease with sensory loss. Dementia or extrapyramidal signs were not detected. Significant loss of abilities of daily living was reported only after 20 years of the disease. Brain imaging documented cerebellar atrophy with sparing of cerebral cortex and no white matter disease.SCA38 is a rare form of inherited ataxia with characteristic clinical features, including pes cavus and hyposmia, that may guide genetic screening and prompt diagnosis in light of possible future therapeutic interventions.
Spinogatti F.,Cremona Hospital |
Civenti G.,Directorate General for Health |
Conti V.,Regional Center for Pharmacovigilance |
Lora A.,Lecco Hospital
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology | Year: 2015
Purpose: To analyze the differences in mental health service utilization by immigrant and native populations of Lombardy, an Italian region that hosts one-fourth of the immigrants living in Italy. Method: The data are drawn from the regional mental health information system (based on the case register model), which supplies information on the users and mental health activities of the Departments of Mental Health, Lombardy, a region of about 10 million people; 139,775 adult users were treated in mental health services in 2010. Results: Mental health services are used by 11.3 immigrant users out of 1,000 immigrants (with marked differences depending on country of origin) compared with 17.0 native users. Acute mental health services are used more frequently by immigrant patients; the types of intervention provided to immigrants differ from those provided to the native population (mainly as far as psychotherapeutic interventions is concerned), while gender differences are substantial. Conclusions: The number of immigrant users using mental health services has increased notably in recent years, and in Lombardy it has been observed that the use of such services differs from service unit to service unit. This raises the problem of how to increase the cultural awareness of mental health professionals dealing with the mental health needs of the immigrant population. On the whole, immigrants use community mental health services less than the native population; however, immigrants tend to be more frequently admitted to general hospital psychiatric units during acute phases and both the utilization rates and gender differ greatly, depending on the country of origin. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
PubMed | University of Zürich and Cremona Hospital
Type: | Journal: Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP | Year: 2017
Targeted proteomic methods can accelerate the verification of multiple tumor marker candidates in large series of patient samples. We utilized the targeted approach known as selected / multiple reaction monitoring (SRM/MRM) to verify potential protein markers of colorectal adenoma identified by our group in previous transcriptomic and quantitative shotgun proteomic studies of a large cohort of precancerous colorectal lesions. We developed SRM assays to reproducibly detect and quantify 25 (62.5%) of the 40 selected proteins in an independent series of precancerous and cancerous tissue samples (19 adenoma/normal mucosa pairs; 17 adenocarcinoma/normal mucosa pairs). Twenty-three proteins were significantly upregulated (n=17) or downregulated (n=6) in adenomas and/or adenocarcinomas, as compared with normal mucosa (linear fold changes 1.3, adjusted P value <0.05). Most changes were observed in both tumor types (upregulation of ANP32A, ANXA3, SORD, LDHA, LCN2, NCL, S100A11, SERPINB5, CDV3, OLFM4, and REG4; downregulation of ARF6 and PGM5), and a five-protein biomarker signature distinguished neoplastic tissue from normal mucosa with a maximum area under the receiver operating curve greater than 0.83. Other changes were specific for adenomas (PPA1 and PPA2 upregulation; KCTD12 downregulation) or adenocarcinoma (ANP32B, G6PD, RCN1, and SET upregulation; downregulated AKR1B1, APEX1, and PPA1). Some changes significantly correlated with a few patient- or tumor-related phenotypes. Twenty-two (96%) of the 23 proteins have a potential to be released from the tumors into the bloodstream, and their detectability in plasma has been previously reported. The proteins identified in this study expand the pool of investment-worthy biomarker candidates that can be used to develop a standardized pre-colonoscopy blood test for the early detection of colorectal tumors.
Lanza F.,Hospital of Cremona |
Lemoli R.M.,Cremona Hospital |
Olivieri A.,Cremona Hospital |
Laszlo D.,Cremona Hospital |
And 13 more authors.
Transfusion | Year: 2014
Background Although the efficacy of plerixafor in peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) mobilization has been explored in several studies, factors associated with successful plerixafor mobilization after administration of granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), with or without chemotherapy, have not been investigated. We analyzed data on PBSC mobilization from a large Italian database of lymphoma and myeloma plerixafor-treated patients. Study Design and Methods Two endpoints were established to define successful mobilization: patients with at least 2 × 106 CD34+ cells/kg collected by three leukapheresis procedures and patients achieving a peak count of at least 20 × 106 CD34+ cells/L during mobilization. Results Plerixafor achieved successful mobilization in both predicted (n = 64) and proven poor mobilizers (PMs; n = 143), classified according to the Gruppo Italiano Trapianto di Midollo Osseo (GITMO) criteria. Successful mobilization was independent of type of mobilization (steady state or chemotherapy); age; sex; disease; number or type of chemotherapy regimens preceding plerixafor; radiation therapy; prior treatment with melphalan, carmustine, lenalidomide, and radioimmune conjugates; and laboratory variables. Multivariate analysis identified previous fludarabine treatment and premobilization platelet count as predictors of successful mobilization. Conclusion This large, prospective, nationwide study confirmed plerixafor efficacy for mobilizing PBSCs when added to G-CSF with or without chemotherapy. Plerixafor can overcome negative effects of most predictors of poor mobilization to achieve satisfactory harvest both in predicted and proven PM. © 2013 American Association of Blood Banks.
Martino M.,Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplant Unit |
Laszlo D.,Instituto Europeo Oncologico |
Lanza F.,Cremona Hospital
Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy | Year: 2014
Introduction: Peg-filgrastim (PEG-FIL), a polyethylene glycol-conjugated form of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), has been introduced in clinical practice and is effective in shortening the time of neutropenia after cytotoxic chemotherapy. G-CSF has emerged as the preferred cytokine for hematopoietic progenitor cells' (HPC) mobilization. Nevertheless, data on the ability of PEG-FIL in this field have been published. Areas covered: We review publications in the field with the goal of providing an overview of this approach. Expert opinion: PEG-FIL may be able to mobilize CD34+ cells in a more timely fashion than G-CSF, with the advantages of only a single-dose administration, an earlier start and a reduction in the number of apheresis procedures. The main controversies concern the dosage of the drug and the optimal dose. In the context of chemo-mobilization, a single dose of 6 mg PEG-FIL seems effective in terms of HPC's mobilization and there is no increase in this effect if the dose is doubled to 12 mg. Steady-state mobilization requires higher doses of PEG-FIL and this approach is not cost-effective when compared with G-CSF. The experiences with PEG-FIL in the healthy donor setting are very limited. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd.
Arisi M.,Cremona Hospital |
Lima G.,Cremona Hospital
European annals of allergy and clinical immunology | Year: 2015
BACKGROUND: Paediatric age, active eczema and high number of allergens tested in poly-sensitized patients have been pinpointed as possible risk factors of systemic reactions by skin prick testing. As far as atopic eczema concerns, the higher penetration of the allergens into the skin because of the scraping or micro-injuries is an intuitive rationalization. Purpose of the present study is to provide documentary evidence that adverse reactions elicited by anomalous absorption of allergens can occur also in adult patients with apparently normal skin.METHODS: Report of some exemplifying clinical and experimental observations. Measuring the inoculum volume into impaired skin and its variability in relation to the variation of the chemical-physical characteristic of the solutions used for the tests by means of a method of direct assay based on the use of a gamma-camera.RESULTS: Localized impairments of the skin permeability can cause a significant increase in inoculum volume by prick-test. Critical amounts of allergens can be introduced into the skin because of the possibility of direct absorption, also without pricking, of allergy diagnostic solutions. The greater water content of the solutions used for prick-testing can significantly increase the inoculum volume.CONCLUSIONS: This study adds clinical and experimental evidences that localized impairments of permeability can occur in adult patients with apparently normal skin. Special precautions should be taken when a change of the drops' normal shape and cohesion is seen, because allergy prick-testing in such areas is potentially associated with increased risk of large local or systemic reactions.
Bocchi F.,Cremona Hospital
Urologia | Year: 2013
The aim of our study is to assess the incidence of the surgical approach in scrotal trauma. We retrospectively assessed both penetrating and blunt cases of scrotal trauma observed from 2002 to 2012. For each case we considered various parameters such as the age of the patient, whether the type of trauma was penetrating or blunt, whether or not a surgical approach was taken, whether or not there were polytrauma, whether or not an orchiectomy was performed, and how many days had elapsed since the first urological observation of the trauma. 43 cases of scrotal trauma were assessed, of which 39 were blunt traumas (90%) and four penetrating traumas (10%). The median age of all patients was 29 years (range 4-88). Of these patients, eight underwent surgical procedures, of which three were cases of penetrating scrotal trauma and five were cases of blunt trauma, with an average age of 20. We only found it necessary to carry out an orchiectomy in two of these patients, of which one was after penetrating trauma and the other after blunt trauma. Most of the blunt traumas did not require surgery (8 versus 35, p<0.05). In our case studies, in the majority of cases early exploratory intervention in scrotal trauma allows the testicle to be saved in its entirety or at least in part.
Giordano G.,University of Parma |
Bersiga A.,Cremona Hospital |
Marchetti G.,Cremona Hospital |
Melpignano M.,Cremona Hospital
European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology | Year: 2010
A case of primary adenocarcinoma of the rectovaginal septum (PARVS) is reported with clinical and pathological findings. A 37-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of sterility and small posterior leiomyoma, a few months after a cesarean section, was admitted because of vaginal spotting, abdominal pain and constipation. Her previous history did not reveal exposure to diethylstil bestrol (DES). Pelvic computed tomography showed a heterogeneous pelvic mass in the Douglas pouch, measuring 9 cm in diameter, located in the rectovaginal septum, involving the rectal and vaginal wall. Histological examination of neoplastic tissue revealed solid sheet structures, occasional tubular lumen, extensive necrotic areas and clear cells. The neoplastic elements showed immunoreactivity for Mullerian markers (cytokeratin 7, CA-125 and vimentin). Because, the present case of PARVS cannot be due to DES exposure, the clear appearance of the neoplastic elements could represent only one differentiation of Mullerian rests. Moreover, because no foci of endometriosis were identified in several sections of the neoplasm, uterine and cervical wall, and tissues nearby the neoplasm could represent a rare subtype of PARVS arising in the absence of endometriosis.