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Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

The last CCAF 2013 survey conducted among 1 091 adults, representative sample of 18 y.o. and over, and 948 children, representative sample of 3-17 y.o., assesses amounts and nature of beverages ingested by French population. The results point out insufficient water intakes: 9 out of 10 children (3-17 yo) and nearly 3 out of 4 adults do not reach hydration recommendations. Whereas water intake from food is consistent with EFSA observations, consumed water from beverages is insufficient vs. recommendations. Whatever the considered age group, water is the main beverage consumed. Choices in beverages consumption are very different depending on the age of the individuals outlining a real generations' gap. The evolution of water consumption has not progressed between 2003 and 2013. Beverages are mainly consumed at meals (only 12.2% are drunk without food) and supporting French people to drink regularly along the day could be a solution to stop at least partly this problem of insufficient intakes. © 2015 Société Française de Nutrition. Source

Monnerie B.,Danone Research | Tavoularis L.G.,CREDOC | Guelinckx I.,Danone Research | Hebel P.,CREDOC | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Nutrition

Purpose: To compare (1) fluid, food and nutrient intake obtained with a paper versus an online version of a 7-day food record and (2) user’s acceptability of both versions of the food record. Methods: A cross-over study was carried out in 2010 in France. A total of 246 participants aged 18–60 years reported their food and fluid intake using both versions of the 7-day food record, separated by a 7- to 14-day washout period. To help participants in estimating consumed portions, both versions of the food record were supported by a photographic booklet of standard portions and containers. At the end of the study protocol, participants completed a questionnaire designed to assess the acceptability of the two questionnaires. Results: The reported water intake of fluids was significantly higher with the online version compared with the paper version (respectively 1348 ± 36 and 1219 ± 34 mL/day, p < 0.0001). No difference was found between methods in terms of energy intake and the consumption of most food categories, macro- and micronutrients. Furthermore, 77 % of the participants preferred the online method to the paper version. Conclusions: Fluid intake, but not food intake, reported with the online 7-day food record was higher in comparison with the paper version. In addition, the online version was preferred by users. In population surveys, the online record is therefore a relevant alternative, and even a preferred alternative in the case of fluid intake, to the paper record. © 2015, The Author(s). Source

Lack of homogeneous perception of food supplement by consumer leads to contradictory results in the surveys that tried to assess its real consuming among French people. This survey led by the Crédoc and commissioned by the syndicate of food supplement (Syndicats des compléments alimentaires [SDCA]) on the AFSSA's INCA2 survey that has been used here to determine the basis of food and food supplement's consumption. Nutritional intakes from diet and food supplements were calculated on the basis of the information provided by food diaries. Food supplements' consumers' profiles have been described through sociological characteristics and the food consumption data of the INCA2 survey. Links between food supplement's consumption, diet's profile and risk of intake's insufficiency have been confirmed. The nature of these links has been detailed. Nutritional requirements ratings (BNM) were used to determine the reference value in order to estimate the proportion of people not reaching their requirements; in some way, this is a theoretical marker of nutritional intake. In this survey, consumers of food supplements appear as a specific population in its social characteristics and thus, in its relation with diet. This survey assesses nutritional interest of food supplement when replaced in the context of individual nutritional intakes. © 2012 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS on behalf of Société française de nutrition. Source

Blancher P.,ASCONIT | Vignon C.,ASCONIT | Catalon E.,ASCONIT | Maresca B.,CREDOC | And 10 more authors.
WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment

The modern concept of 'ecosystem services' has progressed significantly in recent decades. Conceived primarily as a communication tool in the late 1970s to explain societal dependence on nature, it now incorporates economic dimensions and provides help to decision makers for implementing effective conservation policies which support human wellbeing and sustainable development. The founding work appeared in the late 1980s led to the conducting by policymakers of a more systematic assessment of the net monetary value associated with the preservation or restoration of natural areas. Following this work, many case studies have highlighted that ignorance of the value of natural capital into decisions on land use and resources allocation most likely results in degradation and destruction of this natural capital and eventually prove very costly for society. In this paper is presented a research project that investigates the methodological links of the two concepts (Ecosystems Services Approach (ESA) and Water Framework Directive (WFD) - economics). Its main academic innovation will be on assessing the potential "added value" of using the ESA approach and results in Integrated Water Resource Management policies decision and implementation processes, and the related communication and stakeholders' participation, with a specific focus to WFD. © 2011 WIT Press. Source

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