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Al Qurayn, Egypt

Menown I.B.A.,Craigavon Cardiac Center
Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh | Year: 2010

Coronary heart disease remains the leading cause of mortality in the UK. This review focuses on the contemporary management of patients with acute coronary syndromes and those with stable angina, including the role of primary percutaneous coronary intervention versus fibrinolytic therapy in a UK setting, current and emerging antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapies and the latest guidance on secondary prevention/lifestyle modification. © 2010 Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. Source

Lang C.C.,Ninewells Hospital and Medical School | Gupta S.,Whipps Cross and St Bartholomews Hospitals | Kalra P.,Portsmouth Hospitals NHS Trust | Keavney B.,Northumbria University | And 3 more authors.
Atherosclerosis | Year: 2010

There is an established body of evidence from epidemiological studies which indicates that an elevated resting heart rate is independently associated with atherosclerosis and increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, in both the general population and in patients with established cardiovascular disease. Clinical trial data suggest that in patients with coronary artery disease, an elevated heart rate identifies those at increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes, and that lowering of heart rate may reduce major cardiovascular events in patients with an elevated heart rate and symptom-limiting angina. These results suggest that an increased heart rate may have an adverse impact on the atherosclerotic process and increase the risk of a cardiovascular event in patients with coronary artery disease. The precise pathophysiological mechanisms that link heart rate and cardiovascular outcomes have yet to be defined. Possibilities may include indirect mechanisms related to autonomic dysregulation and those due to an increase in heart rate per se, which can increase the ischaemic burden and exert local haemodynamic forces that can adversely impact on the endothelium and arterial wall. For these reasons, heart rate should be considered as a therapeutic target in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Murphy J.C.,Heart Center | Walsh S.J.,Craigavon Cardiac Center | Spence M.S.,Heart Center
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2010

Patients with compelling evidence of cryptogenic stroke due to patent foreamen ovale (PFO) are increasingly likely to be offered percutaneous closure of the defect. With improvements in technique there is now a high procedural success rate with low rates of periprocedural complications. Late complications are also rare, but include late perforation of the aortic root, which is rapidly progressive and potentially fatal. This has lead to the development of lower profile devices, which aim to reduce the risk of both early and late complications. At this stage, it is not clear if lower profile devices have safety profiles which are superior to the more established devices. We report the first case of late perforation of the aortic sinus by the lower profile Atriasept (Cardia) device presenting as life threatening cardiac tamponade in an adult who previously underwent percutaneous PFO closure. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Source

Menown I.B.A.,Craigavon Cardiac Center | Noad R.,Craigavon Cardiac Center | Garcia E.J.,Hospital Cliniuco San Carlos | Meredith I.,Monash University
Advances in Therapy | Year: 2010

Despite advances in polymer and drug technology, the underlying stent platform remains a key determinant of clinical outcome. A clear understanding of stent design and the differences between various stent platforms are of increasing importance for the interventional cardiologist. Reduction in stent strut thickness has been associated with improved stent deliverability, improved procedural outcome, and lower rates of subsequent restenosis. Newer-generation 316L-SS stent designs have enabled reduced strut thickness while retaining radial strength and minimizing recoil, but with significant loss of radiopacity, leading to reduced visibility. Cobalt chromium alloys have enabled a reduction in stent strut thickness to around 80-90 mm while retaining modest radiopacity, but due to higher elastic properties, have been associated with greater stent recoil. Development of a novel 33% platinum chromium alloy with high radial strength and high radiopacity has enabled design of a new, thin-strut, flexible, easily visualized, and highly trackable stent platform, the use of which is further illustrated in several clinical case descriptions. © Springer Healthcare 2010. Source

Connolly M.,Craigavon Cardiac Center | Menown I.B.A.,Craigavon Cardiac Center
Advances in Therapy | Year: 2013

Multiple key cardiology trials with the potential to change practice or advance understanding have been presented over the past 12 months at international meetings, including the American College of Cardiology (ACC, Chicago, USA, March 2012), European Association for Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EuroPCR, Paris, France, May 2012), European Society of Cardiology (ESC, Munich, Germany, August 2012), Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT, Miami, USA, October 2012), and the American Heart Association (AHA, Los Angeles, USA, November 2012). In this paper, the authors describe and place in clinical context new acute coronary syndrome data, including use of oral antiplatelets and anticoagulants (prasugrel, rivaroxaban, vorapaxar), personalized antiplatelet therapy guided by platelet aggregometry, glucose-insulin-potassium infusion, and changing trends in myocardial infarction. New trial data are also described for interventional cardiology (revascularization in multivessel disease, fractional flow reserveguided intervention, radial access, bioabsorbable polymer stents, drug-eluting balloons, intraaortic balloon pump use, transcatheter aortic valve implantation), in heart failure (copeptin, angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibition, aldosterone blockade in diastolic heart failure, biventricular pacing), atrial fibrillation (surgical ablation, antithrombotic strategy after stenting), implantable defibrillator use, and in prevention (renal denervation in hypertension, dalcetrapib, lomitapide, proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 in dyslipidemia, insulin glargine/fish oils, and bariatric surgery in diabetes). © 2013 Springer Healthcare. Source

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