Cracow University of Technology

www.pk.edu.pl
Cracow, Poland

Tadeusz Kościuszko University of Technology is a public university located in central Kraków, Poland, established in 1946 and, as an institution of higher learning granted full autonomy in 1954.Over 37,000 students graduated from the Polytechnic to this day with degrees. Doctorate degrees were granted to 1200 persons and Habilitated degrees - to additional 300. The number of students admitted each year reaches 4500. Wikipedia.

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Kedra M.,Cracow University of Technology
Climate Research | Year: 2017

I investigated changes in long-term characteristics of precipitation and river flow, as well as changes in their repeatability over a 60 yr period (1955−2014). The study area is located in the Western Carpathians in Poland, a region with highly dynamic hydrological processes. This region is crucial for fresh water availability in the country, providing a considerable volume of runoff, which affects the magnitude of river flow across Poland. I identified significant changes in precipitation for 5 months (March, May, July, August and September), as well as largely consistent changes in long-term river flow in the studied mountain river catchments. I also investigated the repeatability of precipitation and river flow (discharge) processes from year to year by using a coefficient of repeatability (CR), a relative measure that is useful in estimating the extent to which a process behaves reproducibly. While there was a generally high repeatability of precipitation, relative to stream flows, a decrease of several percent (6.2−8.6%) in repeatability was observed for both variables for the most recent 30 yr period (1985−2014), in comparison with the preceding 30 yr. This decrease in the repeatability of the 2 considered variables seems undesirable from both a water management perspective and a predictive perspective. Overall, the marked changes in stream flow characteristics, largely consistent with changes in precipitation characteristics, imply the need for adaptive management of water resources in the studied region, especially during summer months. © Inter-Research 2017.


The general objective of the project is to contribute to smart growth of Southern regions of Poland by increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of investments in innovation and by contributing to more efficient connection of links along the innovation chain and by this to contribute to the smart EU growth. The specific objectives of the project are: efficient management of the relation between SME (beneficiary of the SME Instrument) and the coach in purpose to increase the number of projects financed within Horizon 2020 programme completed with a successful commercialization and development of regional SME innovation management capacity: by carrying out innovation management gap analysis, development of the tailored action plan for increasing the effectiveness and efficiency of their innovation management system and implementation of the targeted actions to address bottlenecks and weak points between the innovation capabilities and innovation goals. The objectives will be achieved by performing two kinds of 7-days service packs: Key Account Manager and Enhancing SME innovation management capacity, based on the common for the whole Enterprise Europe Network standard, compliant with European Innovation Management standards - CEN/TS 16555:1(2013). The project is relevant to the Work Programme in Horizon 2020 and helps to overcome lack of capacity in innovation management, recognised as an important barrier in creating economic impact on innovation activities in SMEs. The project is addressed to the specific challenge and scope of the topic, as set out in the Work Programme and offers mentoring and coaching services to beneficiaries who need this help. The project will make SMEs high quality innovation support services available where these are absent or unaffordable on local markets. The project aims at support projects with an European dimension that lead to radical changes in how business (product, processes, services, marketing etc.) is done.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SST.2013.3-3. | Award Amount: 4.91M | Year: 2013

The mission of CIVITAS CAPITAL is to contribute significantly to the goals of the EUs Transport White Paper by capitalising systematically on the results of CIVITAS and creating an effective value chain for urban mobility innovation. CAPITAL will initiate and support a mainstreaming process of CIVITIAS principles based on a strengthened community of stakeholders. CAPITAL will help CIVITAS to build the bridge towards a more advanced identity within Horizon 2020. It will help to create a more structured link with large-scale deployment in support of Transport White Paper goals. The CAPITAL strategic goals are: 1. To consolidate existing knowledge and lessons learnt and to provide recommendations for successful continuation of CIVITAS, 2. To create a dynamic knowledge centre as a means of structured dialogue and exchange among CIVITAS stakeholders, 3. To facilitate a structured transfer of CIVITAS measures based on practical experiences, 4. To establish and manage national/ regional CIVITAS networks serving as delivery channels and activation mechanism of stakeholders, 5. To deliver a quality project. A well-networked and highly experienced consortium has developed a methodology building on the successes of CIVITAS and on lessons learnt through previous support activities. Tangible results are clearly defined and include - cooperation platform for a dynamic CIVITAS community, and a knowledge centre, - integrated trainings/ placements and take-up activities based on strong experience, focusing on quality, - continuation of 5 existing and creation of 5 new regional networks, - deep involvement of all networks in the capitalising process (as delivery and as activation mechanism) and - a flexible, well-managed activity fund of 625.000. The total cost is 5 m, requested EC funding is 4m. An Advisory Board will provide strategic advice and quality control. Practitioners are involved as subcontractors. The proposal was supported by 124 cities/ institutions.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MSCA-NIGHT-2014 | Award Amount: 443.72K | Year: 2014

The project Malopolska Researchers Night will be implemented in the years 2014 and 2015 respectively for the eighth and ninth time. The event has already permanently inscribed in the calendar of Malopolska scientific events, enjoying growing from year to year popular among participants and becoming one of the biggest Nights in Europe. In 2013, this event was attended by over 55 thousand people, while in the first year of the project (2007) the event was attended only by 3.5 thousand people. The event program specified in the application is even richer than before it will take over 1 thousand activities, mainly interactive workshops, presentations, demonstrations and experiments as well as shows with the participation of scientists. It is estimated that 60 thousand people will participate in the events in 2014 and 65 thousand people in 2015. Malopolska Researchers Night is to first of all show participants how interesting is the work of scientists and how fascinating they are people. Through fun, in accessible and understandable way for everybody, we want to show that all around us is the science, and that scientists in their laboratories are working every day to make our life better, easier and more modern. The main motto of the project for the years 2014 and 2015 will be to present the successes of Malopolska scientists working in international scientific-research teams. The event will be held in six cities of the Region: Krakow, Tarnow, Nowy Sacz and Niepolomice and - for the first time in 2014 - also in Skawina and Andrychow. In addition, it is planned the live broadcast from selected locations via event website. The program will be prepared by almost 900 researchers, more than 1 600 students, about 120 research groups from more than 30 partners. Thanks to the extensive promotional campaign the information about the event will reach to nearly 3.5 million people each year.


DFT calculations have proven clearly the polar nature of gem-dinitroethene cycloaddition to (Z)-C,Ndiphenylnitrone. The formation of the azolidine ring on both analysed [2+3] cycloaddition pathways occurs in the gas phase according to the one-step mechanism. When toluene is added as the reaction medium, the kinetic pathway preference does not change. However, the mechanism for the formation of the 2,3-diphenyl-4,4-dinitroisoxazolidine heterocyclic ring does change. In the first reaction stage, a zwitterionic intermediate forms, which is only later cyclized to the [2+3] cycloadduct. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Kwapien J.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Drozdz S.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Drozdz S.,Cracow University of Technology
Physics Reports | Year: 2012

Typically, complex systems are natural or social systems which consist of a large number of nonlinearly interacting elements. These systems are open, they interchange information or mass with environment and constantly modify their internal structure and patterns of activity in the process of self-organization. As a result, they are flexible and easily adapt to variable external conditions. However, the most striking property of such systems is the existence of emergent phenomena which cannot be simply derived or predicted solely from the knowledge of the systems' structure and the interactions among their individual elements. This property points to the holistic approaches which require giving parallel descriptions of the same system on different levels of its organization. There is strong evidence-consolidated also in the present review-that different, even apparently disparate complex systems can have astonishingly similar characteristics both in their structure and in their behaviour. One can thus expect the existence of some common, universal laws that govern their properties. Physics methodology proves helpful in addressing many of the related issues. In this review, we advocate some of the computational methods which in our opinion are especially fruitful in extracting information on selected-but at the same time most representative-complex systems like human brain, financial markets and natural language, from the time series representing the observables associated with these systems. The properties we focus on comprise the collective effects and their coexistence with noise, long-range interactions, the interplay between determinism and flexibility in evolution, scale invariance, criticality, multifractality and hierarchical structure. The methods described either originate from "hard" physics-like the random matrix theory-and then were transmitted to other fields of science via the field of complex systems research, or they originated elsewhere but turned out to be very useful also in physics - like, for example, fractal geometry. Further methods discussed borrow from the formalism of complex networks, from the theory of critical phenomena and from nonextensive statistical mechanics. Each of these methods is helpful in analyses of specific aspects of complexity and all of them are mutually complementary. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Pielichowska K.,AGH University of Science and Technology | Pielichowski K.,Cracow University of Technology
Progress in Materials Science | Year: 2014

Phase change materials (PCMs) used for the storage of thermal energy as sensible and latent heat are an important class of modern materials which substantially contribute to the efficient use and conservation of waste heat and solar energy. The storage of latent heat provides a greater density of energy storage with a smaller temperature difference between storing and releasing heat than the sensible heat storage method. Many different groups of materials have been investigated during the technical evolution of PCMs, including inorganic systems (salt and salt hydrates), organic compounds such as paraffins or fatty acids and polymeric materials, e.g. poly(ethylene glycol). Historically, the relationships between the structure and the energy storage properties of a material have been studied to provide an understanding of the heat accumulation/emission mechanism governing the material's imparted energy storage characteristics. This paper reviews the present state of the art of PCMs for thermal energy storage applications and provides an insight into recent efforts to develop new PCMs with enhanced performance and safety. Specific attention is given to the improvement of thermal conductivity, encapsulation methods and shape stabilization procedures. In addition, the flame retarding properties and performance are discussed. The wide range of PCM applications in the construction, electronic, biomedical, textile and automotive industries is presented and future research directions are indicated. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Patent
Cracow University of Technology | Date: 2014-07-17

The subject of the invention is a drive for an ultra-high-energy pulsatory-rotary mill that can be applied in the laboratory-class equipment. The objective of the invention is the use of the drive for an ultra-high-energy pulsatory-rotary mill which allows to accomplish the three-dimensional milling process in three axes with simultaneous control of amount of the supplied mechanical energy in real time. The rotary-planetary drive comprises an alternating-current motor (1) constituting the rotary motion drive and powered through an inverter (2) connected with the rotary mechanical energy counter (3), and an alternating-current motor (4) driving actuator (5) constituting the pulsatory motion drive and powered by inverter (6) connected with the pulsatory mechanical energy counter (7). Signals from mechanical energy counters (7) and (3) are conveyed to the digital recorder (8).


Patent
Cracow University of Technology | Date: 2015-06-17

The subject of the invention is a drive for an ultra-high-energy pulsatory-rotary mill that can be applied in the laboratory-class equipment. The objective of the invention is the use of the drive for an ultra-high-energy pulsatory-rotary mill which allows to accomplish the three-dimensional milling process in three axes with simultaneous control of amount of the supplied mechanical energy in real time. The rotary-planetary drive comprises an alternating-current motor (1) constituting the rotary motion drive and powered through an inverter (2) connected with the rotary mechanical energy counter (3), and an alternating-current motor (4) driving actuator (5) constituting the pulsatory motion drive and powered by inverter (6) connected with the pulsatory mechanical energy counter (7). Signals from mechanical energy counters (7) and (3) are conveyed to the digital recorder (8).


Patent
Cracow University of Technology | Date: 2015-06-24

The subject of the present invention is an energy-saving charge transport system in the press-furnace line with recovery of heat energy and recovery of electric energy. Its objective consists in introducing a rational management of heat energy and electric energy in the charge transport system along the press-furnace route and by means of a well-thought-out arrangement of transport routes and charging elevators, achieving compact dimensions of the whole transport structure. The essence of the energy-saving charge transport system in the press-furnace line is the heat energy recovery in the area surrounding the furnace and recovery of electric energy used to drive transport elevators. Elevator (1) loaded with hot charge (3) moves downwards. Motor (5) acting as an electric current generator brakes motion of elevator (1) and via controller (7) supplies electric energy back to battery (8); when motor (6) lifts elevator (2) loaded with cold charge (4), then, in large measure, it uses the energy stored in battery (8). The energy-saving charge transport system in the press-furnace line may find wide application in industries where consumption of energy in the course of technological process is a significant issue.

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