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Gazza L.,Cra Research Unit For Cereal Quality Improvement Qce | Sgrulletta D.,Cra Research Unit For Cereal Quality Improvement Qce | Cammerata A.,Cra Research Unit For Cereal Quality Improvement Qce | Gazzelloni G.,Cra Research Unit For Cereal Quality Improvement Qce | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cereal Science | Year: 2011

The effects of grain texture on pastamaking and breadmaking quality were studied in three F8 soft-textured durum wheat lines (SDLs) containing wild-type alleles Pina-D1a and Pinb-D1a as compared with their hard durum sister lines (HDLs). SDLs homozygous for a small 5DS segment, less than 14.4 cM in size, accumulated puroindolines A (Pin-A) and B (Pin-B) and showed SKCS values (19.9-23.6) significantly lower than those (72.6-76.8) of their hard-textured counterparts lacking Pin-A and Pin-B. In addition, SDLs exhibited approximately 24% higher flour extraction rates compared with HDLs. Reducing the kernel hardness decreased farinograph water absorption, dough tenacity (P) and, accordingly, alveograph P/L ratio, but increased farinograph stability, mixing tolerance and dough extensibility (L). Spaghetti cooking quality, as determined by the sensory judgment of firmness, stickiness and bulkiness, was unaffected by the kernel hardness, whereas the loaf volume exhibited a 10% increase associated with kernel softening. Flour and semolina, but not spaghetti, from SDLs showed a substantial reduction in yellowness (b*) and brownness (100 - L*) likely due to their finer particle size compared with HDLs. Alleles Pina-D1a and Pinb-D1a may offer new perspectives for breeding dual purpose (pasta and bread) durum wheat varieties. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

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