Thistlethwaite J.,UTS |
Kumar K.,Flinders University |
Moran M.,CQU |
Saunders R.,UWA |
Journal of Interprofessional Care | Year: 2015
There are diverse perceptions about the primary purpose of evaluation. In interprofessional education (IPE), there has been a perceived focus on evaluating against the outcome of improved collaborative practice and quality of care. This paper presents an exploration of the nature and purpose of evaluation methods commonly utilized in the IPE literature with its focus on outcomes-based evaluation and particularly the Kirkpatrick framework. It categorises recent evaluations of pre-qualification (pre-certification) IPE interventions. Of the 90 studies included, most evaluated soon after the educational intervention, only five specifically referred to an evaluation framework and the most frequently used tool was the RIPLS. There was a noteworthy reliance on students' self-rated perceptions of their attitudes towards collaborative practice collected through surveys, focus groups and interviews. There appears to be a need to reconsider the type of evaluation required. In conclusion, this paper offers recommendations for evaluation practice that is moving towards realist approaches; describes the longer term effects of interventions on attitudes and behaviour; develops and validates data collection tools including direct observation of practice and more comprehensively engages with all stakeholders to ensure that evaluation activities are not only focused on improving IPE but also on enhancing our understanding of interprofessional practice. © 2015 Informa UK Ltd.
Chilamkurti N.,La Trobe University |
Tian Y.-C.,Queensland University of Technology |
Gregory M.,RMIT University |
Kist A.,University of Southern Queensland |
And 8 more authors.
Australasian Telecommunication Networks and Applications Conference, ATNAC 2012 | Year: 2012
Conference proceedings front matter may contain various advertisements, welcome messages, committee or program information, and other miscellaneous conference information. This may in some cases also include the cover art, table of contents, copyright statements, title-page or half title-pages, blank pages, venue maps or other general information relating to the conference that was part of the original conference proceedings. © 2012 IEEE.
Jiang Y.,CQU |
Jiang Y.,Chongqing University |
Xu Y.,CQU |
Xu Y.,Chongqing University |
And 8 more authors.
RSC Advances | Year: 2015
In this paper, a new type of core-shell fluorescent silica nanoparticles (NPs) carrying amino groups on the surface was designed and prepared by an inverse-microemulsion method using acridine orange (AO) as the dopant fluorophore. These NPs are monodisperse and possess a uniform diameter of ∼80 nm. The introduction of amino groups on the nanoparticles surfaces was proven by IR spectroscopy. Fluorescence studies indicate that the photostability of the NPs was improved compared to that of AO. A highly sensitive, simple and rapid counting approach for Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) was established by using the NPs as a fluorescent label. Fluorescence intensity and the total number of S. aureus are linearly correlated within the range of 103 to 107 cfu mL-1, and the limit of detection is 500 cfu mL-1. The recovery rate for a spiked sample ranged from 96.5% to 102.7%, and the RSD was lower than 7% (for n = 7). We presume that this method has a large potential for further applications to rapid analysis of pathogens. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry.