Mayard-Pons M.L.,CPRP SNCF |
Rilliard F.,CPRP SNCF |
Rilliard F.,Hopitaux Universitaires Pitie Salpetriere Charles Foix |
Libersa J.C.,CPRP SNCF |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Diabetes and its Complications | Year: 2015
Aims To assess the relationship between type 2 diabetes and tooth loss and the predictive value of health behavior and routine dental care in regard to both dental and medical follow-ups. Methods Cross-sectional study from a national database of a French population of railways transport workers was conducted with a descriptive analysis between registered diabetic patients and non-diabetic subjects. The relationship between oral health and diabetes was measured by tooth extraction prevalence in regard to the frequency of scaling-prophylaxis sessions and the number of medical and dental appointments. Results The prevalence of tooth extractions in the type 2 diabetic population is 1.88 higher than the non-diabetic population. Diabetic patients tend to undergo dental extractions earlier and more often than non-diabetic individuals. They also have more medical appointments and less dental check-ups and scaling sessions than the non-diabetic population. Conclusion Measured by tooth loss, type 2 diabetic patients have a significantly earlier detrimental oral status when compared to the non-diabetic population. They exhibit a different pattern in health care utilization of outpatient medical resources. Oral health surveillance is not correctly addressed by the medical and dental coverage of these diabetic patients. Emphasis should be directed on specific dental care programs aimed at preventing tooth loss. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source