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This annual survey, conducted by the Italian group for mammography screening (GISMa), collects individual data on diagnosis and treatment of about 50% of screen-detected, operated lesions in Italy. The 2011-2012 results show good overall quality and an improving trend over time. A number of critical issues have been identified, including waiting times (which have had a worsening trend over the years) and compliance with the recommendation of not performing frozen section examination on small lesions. Pre-operative diagnosis improved constantly over time, but there is still a large variation between Regions and programmes. For almost 90% of screen-detected invasive cancers a sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy was performed on the axilla, avoiding a large number of potentially harmful dissections. On the other hand, potential overuse of SLN dissection for ductal carcinoma in situ, although apparently starting to decline, deserves further investigation. The detailed results have been distributed, among other ways by means of a web-based data-warehouse, to regional and local screening programmes, in order to allow multidisciplinary discussion and identification of the appropriate solutions to any issues documented by the data. The problem of waiting times should be assigned priority. Specialist Breast Units with adequate case volume and enough resources would provide the best setting for making monitoring effective in producing quality improvements with shorter waiting times.


This survey, conducted by the Italian Breast Screening Network (GISMa), collects individual data yearly on about 50% of all screen-detected, operated lesions in Italy. The 2007 results show good overall quality of diagnosis and treatment and an improving trend over time. Critical issues were identified concerning waiting times, compliance with the recommendations on not performing frozen section examination on small lesions and on performing specimen X-rays. Preoperative diagnosis reached the acceptable target, but there is a large variation between Regions and programmes. For more than 80%of screen-detected invasive cancers the sentinel lymph node technique (SLN) was performed on the axilla, avoiding a large number of potentially harmful dissections. On the other hand, potential overuse of SLN deserves further investigation. The detailed results have been distributed, also by means of a web data-warehouse, to regional and local screening programmes in order to allow multidisciplinary discussion and identification of the appropriate solutions to any problem documented by the data. Specialist Breast Units with adequate case volume and enough resources would provide the best setting for making audits effective in producing quality improvements with a shorter waiting times.


Italian national guidelines recommend to regions the implementation of organised screening programmes for cervical cancer. As in previous years since 1998 we collected aggregated tables of data from Italian organised cervical screening programmes in order to centrally compute process indicators. Data on women invited during 2010 and screened up to April 2011 were considered. In 2010, the target population of Italian organised screening programmes included 13,538,080 women, corresponding to 80.1% of Italian women aged 25-64 years. Compliance to invitation was 39.8%, with a strong North-South decreasing trend. However, it should be considered that many women are screened outside organised programmes. Among screened women, 4.7% were referred for repeat cytology and 62.7% of them complied; 2.5% of screened women were referred to colposcopy. Compliance with colposcopy referral was 85.9% among women referred because of ASC-US or more severe cytology and 88.7% among those referred because of HSIL or more severe cytology. The positive predictive value (PPV) of referral because of ASC-US or more severe cytology for CIN2 or more severe histology was 16.0%. The unadjusted detection rate of CIN2 or more severe histology was 3.2 per 1,000 screened women (3.5 standardised on the Italian population, truncated 25-64).


Italian national guidelines recommend to regions the implementation of organised screening programmes for cervical cancer. As in previous years since 1998, we collected from Italian organised cervical screening programmes aggregated tables of data in order to centrally compute process indicators. Data on women invited during 2009 and screened up to April 2010 were considered. In 2009, the target population of Italian organised screening programmes included 13,120,269 women, corresponding to 78.0%of Italian women aged 25-64 years. Compliance to invitation was 39.3%, with a strong North-South decreasing trend. However, it should be considered that many women are screened outside the organised programmes. Of the women screened, 4.7%were referred for repeat cytology and 60.8% of them complied; 2.4% of screened women were referred to colposcopy. Compliance with colposcopy referral was 85.1% among women referred because of ASC-US or more severe cytology and 89.3% among those referred because of HSIL or more severe cytology. The positive predictive value (PPV) of referral because of ASC-US or more severe cytology for CIN2 or more severe histology was 16.2%. The unadjusted detection rate of CIN2 or more severe histology was 3.2 per 1,000 screened women (3.2 standardised on the Italian population, truncated 25-64).


Data were collected from organised Italian cervical screening programmes on: a) the correlation between colposcopic findings (according to the 1990 international classification) and histology, and (b) the treatment/management of screen-detected histologically-confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Data routinely registered by organised programmes were obtained as aggregated tables. Of the 26,320 reported colposcopies, 39.6% were classified as normal and 11.2% as unsatisfactory. CIN2 or more severe histology was detected in 65.3% of colposcopies classified as grade 2 or higher. Of all colposcopies, the outcome of which was CIN2 or more severe histology, 42.7% were classified as grade 2 or higher. Of the 5,695 women with CIN1, 78.9% were recommended to have follow-up only. However, 1.4% of them had cold-knife conisation and 4.5% were treated by diathermocoagulation. Of the 3,841 women with CIN2 or CIN3, 6.4% had not yet been treated when data were collected, and no data rewere available for a further 12.7%. Excision by radio-frequency device was the most common treatment among these women (64.1% of those with known treatment). However, 0.7% of all CIN2 and 1.7% of all CIN3 had hysterectomy. Among the 151 women with invasive carcinoma, 10.6% plausibly with microinvasive disease, only one treatment LLETZ is reported.


This survey, conducted by the Italian breast screening network (GISMa), collects yearly individual data on diagnosis and treatment on about 50% of all screen-detected, operated lesions in Italy. The 2010 results show good overall quality and an improving trend over time. Critical issues were identified, including waiting times and compliance with the recommendations on not performing frozen section examination on small lesions. Preoperative diagnosis improved constantly over the years, but there is still a large variation between regions and programmes. For almost 90% of screen-detected invasive cancers the sentinel lymph node technique (SLN) was performed on the axilla, avoiding a large number of potentially harmful dissections. On the other hand, potential overuse of SLN for ductal carcinoma in situ deserves further investigation. The detailed results have been distributed, also by means of a web data warehouse, to regional and local screening programmes in order to allow multidisciplinary discussion and identification of the appropriate solutions to any issues documented by the data. It should be assigned priority to the problem of waiting times. Specialist Breast Units with adequate case volume and enough resources would provide the best setting for making monitoring effective in producing quality improvements with shorter waiting times.


Austoker J.,University of Oxford | Giordano L.,CPO Piemonte | Hewitson P.,University of Oxford | Villain P.,University of Oxford
Endoscopy | Year: 2012

Multidisciplinary, evidence-based guidelines for quality assurance in colorectal cancer screening and diagnosis have been developed by experts in a project coordinated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. The full guideline document covers the entire process of population-based screening. It consists of 10 chapters and over 250 recommendations, graded according to the strength of the recommendation and the supporting evidence. The 450-page guidelines and the extensive evidence base have been published by the European Commission. The chapter on communication includes 35 graded recommendations. The content of the chapter is presented here to promote international discussion and collaboration by making the principles and standards recommended in the new EU Guidelines known to a wider professional and scientific community. Following these recommendations has the potential to enhance the control of colorectal cancer through improvement in the quality and effectiveness of screening programmes and services. © Georg Thieme Verlag KGStuttgart . New York.


Ponti A.,CPO Piemonte
Epidemiologia e prevenzione | Year: 2011

This survey, conducted by the Italian breast screening network (GISMa), collects individual data yearly on about 50% of all screen-detected, operated lesions in Italy. The 2008-2009 results show good overall quality of diagnosis and treatment and an improving trend over time. Critical issues were identified, including waiting times and compliance with the recommendations on not performing frozen section examination on small lesions. Pre-operative diagnosis reached the acceptable target, but there is a large variation between regions and programmes. For almost 90% of screen-detected invasive cancers the sentinel lymph node technique (SLN) was performed on the axilla, avoiding a large number of potentially harmful dissections. On the other hand, potential overuse of SLN deserves further investigation. The detailed results have been distributed, also by means of a web-based data warehouse, to regional and local screening programmes in order to allow multidisciplinary discussion and identification of the appropriate solutions to any problem documented by the data. Specialist breast units with adequate case volume and enough resources would provide the best setting for making audits effective in producing quality improvements with shorter waiting times.


Ronco G.,CPO Piemonte
Epidemiologia e prevenzione | Year: 2011

We collected data from organised Italian cervical screening programmes on: a) the correlation between colposcopic findings (according to the 1990 international classification) and histology, and (b) the treatment/management of screen-detected histologically-confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Data routinely registered by organised programmes were obtained as aggregated tables. Of the 30,049 reported colposcopies, 40.3% were classified as normal and 19.9% as unsatisfactory. CIN2 or more severe histology was detected in 66.4% of colposcopies classified as grade 2 or higher. Of all colposcopies, the outcome of which was CIN2 or more severe histology, 41.8% were classified as grade 2 or higher. Of the 5,734 women with CIN1, 73%were recommended to have follow-up only. However, 0.8%of them had cold-knife conisation and 3.8%were treated by diathermocoagulation. Of the 3,713 women with CIN2 or CIN3, 5.1%had not yet been treated when data were collected, and no data were available for a further 15.1%. Excision by radio-frequency device was the most common treatment among these women (68.6% of those with known treatment). However 0.4% of all CIN2 and 3.6% of all CIN3 had hysterectomy. Among the 199 women with invasive carcinoma, 12% plausibly with microinvasive disease had only excisional treatment reported.


Italian national guidelines recommend to Regions the implementation of organised screening programmes for cervical cancer. As in previous years since 1998, we collected from Italian organised cervical screening programmes aggregated tables of data in order to centrally compute process indicators. Data on women invited during 2008 and screened up to April 2009 were considered. In 2008, the target population of Italian organised screening programmes included 13,094,025 women, corresponding to 78.4% of Italian women aged 25-64 years. Compliance to invitation was 39.7%, with a strong North-South decreasing trend. However, it should be considered that many women are screened outside the organised programmes. Of the women screened, 5.2%were referred for repeat cytology and 63.0% of them complied; 2.4% of screened women were referred to colposcopy. Compliance with colposcopy referral was 85.1%among women referred because of ASCUS or more severe cytology and 89.3%among those referred because of HSIL or more severe cytology.The positive predictive value (PPV) of referral because of ASCUS or more severe cytology for CIN2 or more severe histology was 16.0%. The unadjusted detection rate of CIN2 or more severe histology was 3.1 per 1,000 screened women (3.0 standardised on the Italian population, truncated 25-64).

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