Schultz N.,Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro |
da Silva J.A.,Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro |
Sousa J.S.,Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro |
Monteiro R.C.,Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro |
And 8 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo | Year: 2014
The sugarcane industry, a strategic crop in Brazil, requires technological improvements in production efficiency to increase the crop energy balance. Among the various currently studied alternatives, inoculation with diazotrophic bacteria proved to be a technology with great potential. In this context, the efficiency of a mixture of bacterial inoculant was evaluated with regard to the agronomic performance and N nutrition of sugarcane. The experiment was carried out on an experimental field of Embrapa Agrobiologia, in Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, using a randomized block, 2 × 3 factorial design (two varieties and three treatments) with four replications, totaling 24 plots. The varieties RB867515 and RB72454 were tested in treatments consisting of: inoculation with diazotrophic bacteria, N-fertilized control with 120 kg ha-1 N and absolute control (no inoculation and no N fertilizer). The inoculum was composed of five strains of five diazotrophic species. The yield, dry matter accumulation, total N in the shoot dry matter and the contribution of N by biological fixation were evaluated, using the natural 15N abundance in non-inoculated sugarcane as reference. The bacterial inoculant increased the stalk yield of variety RB72454 similarly to fertilization with 120 kg ha-1 N in the harvests of plant-cane and first ratoon crops, however the contribution of biological N fixation was unchanged by inoculation, indicating that the benefits of the inoculant in sugarcane may have resulted from plant growth promotion.
Magalhaes M.O.L.,Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro |
do Amaral Sobrinho N.M.B.,Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro |
Mazur N.,Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro |
Machado H.M.,CPGA CS |
Sampaio Junior J.,CPGA CS
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2012
Currently, there is considerable interest in developing strategies that are efficient and durable in the remediation of soils contaminated with heavy metals. This study aimed to evaluate the development of Eucalyptus urophylla and Eucalyptus saligna grown in contaminated substrate with Mn collected in the area near the Port of Itaguaí and location of disposal of hazardous waste of Cia Mercantil and Industrial Inga in Itaguaí. The substrate was treated with two industrial waste, with a characteristic alkaline (slag of melt shop) and another with high content of iron oxide (lamination of scale). It was found that the untreated substrate, had a high content of Mn in fractions phytoavailable, being these values toxic to the species. The treatments caused a reduction in the concentrations of Mn in solution and exchangeable (fractions phytoavailable) and increase in more stable phases. The lowest dose of slay of melt shop was enough to decrease the concentrations of Mn in solution, and this effect is evidenced by the development of plants and in the higher dose of slay of melt shop the growth of studied species was more. Eucalyptus urophylla showed greater development and greater extraction of this element.